Vitaceae Juss.
  • Gen. Pl. 267. 1789. (4 Aug 1789)
  • Grape Family


This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Woody climbers, sometimes vines, rarely small succulent trees, hermaphroditic or polygamo-monoecious to polygamo-dioecious. Stems unarmed, sometimes with conspicuous lenticels, or bark sometimes shredding (in most species of Vitis); branches often swollen at 3-7-lacunar nodes; pith continuous or interrupted by diaphragms at nodes; tendrils simple, bifurcate to trifurcate, or 4-12-branched (in Parthenocissus), usually leaf-opposed, rarely tendrils absent. Raphide sacs present in parenchymatous tissues. Leaves simple, lobed or unlobed, or digitately or pedately compound to 1-3-pinnately compound, alternate, distichous, variously toothed, commonly with multicellular, stalked, caducous spherical structures known as "pearl" glands; stipules 2 or rarely absent, often caducous. Flowers small, with prophylls, in panicles, corymbs, or rarely spikes, often leaf-opposite, pseudo-terminal, or axillary (in Cayratia and Tetrastigma), actinomorphic, hypogynous, 4- or 5(-7 as in Rhoicissus)-merous. Calyx with 4 or 5(-7) small teeth or lobes or a continuous ring. Petals valvate, 4 or 5(-7), free or basally connate, or distally connate forming a calyptra (e.g., in Vitis). Stamens 4 or 5(-7), antepetalous; anthers introrse, dehiscing longitudinally, tetrasporangiate or rarely bisporangiate. Floral disk intrastaminal, ring-shaped, cupular, or gland-shaped. Ovary superior, 2-loculed; ovules 2 per locule; placentation axile, appearing nearly basal, apotropous or anatropous, bitegmic, crassinucellar; style simple, connate; stigma discoid or capitate, rarely 4-lobed (Tetrastigma), not papillate. Fruit a berry, 1-4-seeded. Seeds endotestal, with an abaxial chalazal knot and an adaxial raphe with 2 furrows, one on each side; embryo straight, small; endosperm oily, proteinaceous, copious, ruminate.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Vines or lianas, occasionally shrubby [trees], synoecious, dioecious, or polygamomonoecious; commonly with multicellular, stalked, caducous, spheric structures (pearl glands); tendrils usually present, rarely absent. Leaves alternate, simple or palmately or pinnately compound; stipules present; petiole present; blade often palmately lobed, margins dentate, serrate, or crenate; venation palmate or pinnate. Inflorescences bisexual or functionally unisexual, axillary or terminal and appearing leaf-opposed, cymes or thryses [spikes]. Flowers bisexual or unisexual; perianth and androecium hypogynous; hypanthium absent; sepals 4–5(–9), connate most or all of length; petals (3–)4–5(–9), distinct (connate distally, forming calyptra, in Vitis) [connate basally], valvate, free; nectary intrastaminal; stamens (3–)4–5(–9), opposite petals, distinct; anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slits; staminodes present in functionally pistillate flowers; pistil 1, 2[–3]-carpellate, ovary superior, 2[–3]-locular, placentation axile, sometimes appearing parietal; ovules 2 per locule, apotropous or anatropous; style 1; stigma 1 [4]. Fruits berries. Seeds 1–4 per fruit.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Seeds ovoid, often pointed at one end; endosperm copious, sometimes ruminate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Petals 4–6, free or cohering at apex, valvate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Calyx entire or 4–6-lobed

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 1
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    Flowers regular, usually hermaphrodite, mostly in much-branched cymes

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 1
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    Leaves alternate, simple or digitately compound, rarely pedate, entire or toothed, stipulate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Predominantly climbing herbs or lianes, but sometimes erect or trailing herbs, shrubs or small trees, occasionally distinctly succulent; tendrils often present, leaf-opposed or arising from the peduncle

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Disk intrastaminal, annular or of separate glands

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Stamens 4–6, opposite the petals; filaments free; anthers 2-thecous, medifixed with longitudinal dehiscence

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Fruit a 1–4-seeded berry

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Ovary superior, 2-locular, each locule with 2 erect ovules; style short or slender; stigma subulate to capitate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Calyx subentire or 4–6-lobed

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Petals 4–6, free, valvate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Flowers actinomorphic, usually bisexual

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Ovary superior, 2-locular; ovules 2 in each loculus; style short; stigma subulate to capitate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Fruit baccate, with 1–4 seeds

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Stamens 4–6, opposite the petals; filaments free; anthers 2-locular, medifixed with longitudinal dehiscence

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Disk intrastaminal, annular or of separate glands

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, simple or digitately compound or rarely pedate, margin variously toothed or rarely entire; stipules petiolar; tendrils present or absent, leaf-opposed or arising from the peduncle

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Seeds with copious sometimes ruminate endosperm

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Erect trailing or climbing perennial herbs, climbing shrubs or rarely small trees

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES Brizicky, G. K. 1965. The genera of Vitaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 46: 48–67. Ren, H. et al. 2011. Phylogenetic analysis of the grape family (Vitaceae) based on the noncoding plastid trnC-petN, trnH-psbA, and trnL-F sequences. Taxon 60: 629–637. Soejima, A. and Wen J. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of the grape family (Vitaceae) based on three chloroplast markers. Amer. J. Bot. 93: 278-287. Wen, J. 2007. Vitaceae. In: K. Kubitzki et al., eds. 1990+. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. 10+ vols. Berlin etc. Vol. 9, pp. 467–479.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Grape Family

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Vitaceae
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).