Tecophilaeaceae Leyb.
  • Bonplandia (Hannover) 10: 370. 1862.


This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

Morphology

Seeds numerous, with fleshy endosperm

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    Fruit a loculicidal capsule

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    Herbs with fibrous tunicated corms or thick orbicular flattened tubers

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    Leaves radical or towards the base of the flowering stems, linear to ovate-orbicular and cordate, glabrous

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    Ovary semi-inferior, 3-locular; style subulate or filiform

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    Ovules numerous, axile, 2-seriate in each loculus

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    Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, in simple racemes separately from the tuber or corm, or in panicles; bracts large and membranous to small

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    Perianth-tube short or absent; lobes 6, spreading or reflexed, subequal, imbricate Stamens 6, perfect, or 3 and with 3 staminodes, inserted at the throat of the perianth; anthers 2-locular, the connective often produced at both ends, the base then swollen or spur-like, cells opening by a terminal pore, rarely by a slit

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    Flowers pedicellate, hermaphrodite, regular or slightly irregular

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    Perianth-segments 6, free or forming a short tube, entire, spreading or reflexed

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    Stamens 6, inserted on the perianth-segments at the throat of the tube, all perfect or 2 or 3 replaced by linear staminodes; anthers dithecous, sometimes connivent, with the base sometimes produced into a spur or sac; dehiscence by an apical pore, usually slightly introrse

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    Ovary semi-inferior, rarely almost superior, trilocular; ovules 2–? in each cell; placentation axile; style filiform; stigma minutely trifid

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    Capsule trilobed, dehiscence loculicidal; seeds small and numerous, or a few large ones, rarely only one developing, smooth or warted, rarely with spongy cap; endosperm present

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    Bracts sometimes minute or absent

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    Inflorescence racemose, pseudo-racemose or paniculate, or the flowers solitary

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    Leaves petiolate, sessile or amplexicaul, linear to ovate-orbicular, decurrent to cordate

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    Perennial herbs with corms or tubers

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    Ovary inferior, semi-superior or superior, 3-locular; placentation axile, ovules 2-many per carpel

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    Style erect, filiform, straight or curved; stigma small, capitate or minutely 3-fid

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    Capsule 3-lobed, loculicidal; seeds small numerous smooth or warty, or few and large and sometimes with a conspicuous chalazosperm

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    Glabrous geophytic herbs, perennating from corms or tubers; corms with or without a fibrous tunic of persistent sheathing leaves or leaf remnants (tunic absent in the Flora Zambesiaca area)

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    Leaves basal or cauline, spirally arranged, sessile or ± petiolate, sheathing or not at the base, entire, linear or lanceolate to ovate; the outer leaves reduced to ± membranous non-photosynthetic sheaths without blades (cataphylls)

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    Caulescent or acaulescent

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    Flowers hypogynous, bisexual, trimerous, actinomorphic, pedicellate

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    Inflorescences terminal in acaulescent plants, or lateral on caulescent plants, scapose or pedunculate; flowers in panicles, racemes or spikes, or flowers solitary, usually bracteate, leaves and scape sometimes arising separately from each other on the corm apex

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    Stamens 6, inserted at the throat of the perianth tube, equal (or in the New World sometimes heteromorphic or some reduced to staminodes); filaments glabrous, short; anthers basifixed, 2-locular, sometimes tailed, connivent at apex or not, dehiscing by an apical pore or clavate slit, or splitting longitudinally

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    Perianth segments (tepals) 6, fused into a short tube at the base, or ± free to the base, segments reflexed or not

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