Solanaceae Adans.
  • Fam. Pl. (Adanson) 2: 215. 1763 (Jul-Aug 1763)

This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium

General Description

Herbs, shrubs, small trees, or climbers. Stems sometimes prickly, rarely thorny; hairs simple, branched, or stellate, sometimes glandular. Leaves alternate, solitary or paired, simple or pinnately compound, without stipules; leaf blade entire, dentate, lobed, or divided. Inflorescences terminal, overtopped by continuing axes, appearing axillary, extra-axillary, or leaf opposed, often apparently umbellate, racemose, paniculate, clustered, or solitary flowers, rarely true cymes, sometimes bracteate. Flowers mostly bisexual, usually regular, 5-merous, rarely 4- or 6-9-merous. Calyx mostly lobed. Petals united. Stamens as many as corolla lobes and alternate with them, inserted within corolla, all alike or 1 or more reduced; anthers dehiscing longitudinally or by apical pores. Ovary 2-5-locular; placentation mostly axile; ovules usually numerous. Style 1. Fruiting calyx often becoming enlarged, mostly persistent. Fruit a berry or capsule. Seeds with copious endosperm; embryo mostly curved.


Ovules very numerous, axile

Fruit a capsule or berry

Seeds with copious endosperm and curved or annular embryo

Calyx 4-6-lobed, persistent

Corolla gamopetalous, usually 5-lobed, lobes folded, contorted or valvate

Stamens inserted on the corolla-tube and alternate with its lobes; anthers 2-celled, cells parallel, opening lengthwise or by apical pores

Ovary 2-celled, the cells sometimes again divided by a false septum; style terminal

Flowers hermaphrodite, mostly actinomorphic

Leaves alternate, simple; stipules absent

Included Genus



 Information From

Plants Of the World Online Portal
  • A The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Flora Of CHina @
'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  • B Missouri Botanical Garden
PBI Solanum Project. 2017. Solanaceae Source. Jan.31st, 2015.
  • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
World Flora Online consortium
World Flora Online Data. 2018.
  • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).