Simaroubaceae DC.
  • Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 2: 209. 1811. (Jan 1811)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Simaroubaceae DC. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000567. Accessed on: 17 Feb 2020'

General Information

Trees or shrubs usually with bitter bark. Leaves alternate, sometimes opposite, pinnate to unifoliolate or rarely simple; stipules present or absent. Inflorescences axillary, racemose, paniculate, cymose, rarely spicate. Flowers generally small, bisexual or unisexual (andromonoecious, functionally dioecious, or distinctly dioecious), often with rudiments of opposite sex, actinomorphic. Calyx of 4 or 5(-8) sepals, imbricate or valvate. Petals usually 4 or 5(-8), free, imbricate or valvate. Stamens same number as petals and alternate with them, or 2 × as many as petals (or more); filaments free, base often with an appendage; anthers oblong, versatile, bicelled, with a longitudinal slit. Disk usually present, sometimes a gynophore or androgynophore. Gynoecium weakly united at base, or virtually free, usually 2-5-carpellate; ovary superior, with axile placentation; ovules 1 or 2 per locule, apical or basal; style connate or free; stigmas 2-5. Fruit a "drupe" or "samara," actually 1-5 fruitlike monocarps produced per flower, each a druparium or a samarium; endosperm present or absent; embryo straight or curved, with thick cotyledons.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Seeds with or without endosperm; embryo straight or curved

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Fruit usually indehiscent, dry or drupaceous

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    Ovary 2–5-lobed, 1–5-celled, or carpels quite separate; styles 2–5; ovules usually solitary, rarely 2 or more, axile

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Trees or shrubs, sometimes with bitter bark, rarely spiny

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Flowers small, unisexual or polygamous, actinomorphic

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, imparipinnate, rarely simple, not or very rarely gland-dotted; stipules absent

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    Calyx-lobes 3–5

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Petals 3–5, imbricate or valvate, rarely absent, free or united into a tube

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Disk present

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Stamens inserted at the base of the disk, equal or double the number of the petals, rarely more numerous, free, sometimes with a scale at the base; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Seed with little or no endosperm

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ovary globose or 2–5(–6+)-lobed, 2–5(–6+)-locular with 1(–2) ovules per locule, or with free carpels; styles (2–)4–8, free or variously connate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Disc annular, pulviniform, cupular or sometimes inconspicuous (at least in dried specimens)

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Trees or shrubs, occasionally scandent, sometimes spiny, usually containing bitter substances; pubescence usually simple, sometimes glandular

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Inflorescences paniculate, racemose or cymose

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 2
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    Leaves spirally arranged, pinnate or simple, exstipulate or with stipular spines (Harrisonia)

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 2
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    Calyx of 3–5(–6) sepals nearly always partly united, valvate to slightly imbricate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Flowers bisexual, unisexual or polygamous

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Stamens 4–10, inserted at the base of a disc, free, sometimes with a scale attached at the base of the filament

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Petals 3–5(–9), rarely absent (not in Flora area), usually free, imbricate or valvate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruit a berry or composed of drupaceous mericarps or dry mericarps attached to a central carpophore

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 2
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    Stamens 4–10 (18), rarely ? (not in our area), free, sometimes with a scale adnate at the base of the filament

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Fruit a berry, or of separate drupaceous mericarps or dry angled mericarps suspended from a central carpophore

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 3
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    Ovary subentire or rarely (2) 4–5-lobed, (1) 2–5-locular; loculi 1-ovulate or rarely 2-ovulate, or sometimes with 2–5 free carpels; styles (2) 4–5, free or variously united

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Disk annular, cupular, or sometimes fused with the ovary, rarely absent

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Petals (3) 4–5 (9), imbricate or valvate, very rarely united in a tube (not in our area), very rarely absent (not in our area)

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 3
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    Trees, shrubs or shrublets, occasionally ± sarmentose, sometimes spiny and with pubescence of simple, sometimes glandular hairs

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Calyx 2–5-lobed, often very deeply so

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Flowers bisexual, unisexual or polygamous

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences paniculate, bracteate (in our area)

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Leaves alternate (at least in our area), pinnate or sometimes simple, exstipulate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Simaroubaceae
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).