Sapindaceae Juss.
  • Gen. Pl. 246. 1789. (4 Aug 1789)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Sapindaceae Juss. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000544. Accessed on: 23 Sep 2020'

General Information

Trees or shrubs (or woody vines with tendrils in Cardiospermum and allied genera), rarely herbaceous climbers. Indumentum usually of simple hairs, often glandular on young parts, buds, and inflorescences. Leaves alternate, usually estipulate; leaf blade pinnate or digitate, rarely simple; leaflets alternate to opposite, entire or dentate to serrate. Inflorescence a terminal or axillary thyrse; bracts and bracteoles small. Flowers unisexual, rarely polygamous or bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic, usually small. Sepals 4 or 5(or 6), equal or unequal, free or connate at base, imbricate or valvate. Petals 4 or 5(or 6), sometimes absent, free, imbricate, usually clawed, often with scales or hair-tufted basal appendages. Disk conspicuous, fleshy, complete or interrupted, lobed or annular, rarely absent. Stamens 5-10(-74), usually 8, rarely numerous, variously inserted but usually within disk, often exserted in male flowers; filaments free, rarely connate; anthers dorsifixed, longitudinally dehiscent, introrse; staminodes sometimes present in carpellate flowers, but filaments shorter and anthers with a thick wall, indehiscent. Ovary superior, (1-)3(or 4)-loculed; ovules 1 or 2(or several) per locule, placentation axile, rarely parietal, anatropous, campylotropous, or amphitropous; style usually apical (terminal), semigynobasic in Allophylus [gynobasic in Deinbollia Schumacher & Thonning]; stigma entire or 2 or 3(or 4)-lobed, usually rudimentary in male flowers. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, berry, or drupe, or consisting of 2 or 3 samaras, often 1-seeded and 1-loculed by abortion. Seeds 1(or 2 or more) per locule; testa black or brown, hard, often with a conspicuous fleshy aril or sarcotesta; embryo curved, plicate, or twisted, oily and starchy; endosperm usually absent. 2n = 20-36.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Petals 1–5, sometimes absent, imbricate

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    Sepals imbricate or rarely valvate

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    Flowers actinomorphic or zygomorphic, sometimes very small, mostly unisexual, variously arranged

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    Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, simple, or 1-or 3-foliolate, or pinnate or bipinnate; stipules rarely present

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    Seeds without endosperm, often conspicuously arillate; embryo with usually plicate or twisted cotyledons

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    Fruit capsular or indehiscent, rarely winged

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    Ovary superior, entire or vertically lobed to the base, 1–8-celled; style terminal or gynobasic; ovules 1–2, rarely many in each cell, axile

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    Stamens hypogynous, often 8, inserted within the disk or unilateral; filaments free, often hairy; anthers 2-celled

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    Disk usually present, sometimes unilateral

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    Trees, shrubs or climbers

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    Stamens usually 5–12 (occasionally more numerous), free or ± connate at the base, reduced or rarely absent in 9 flowers

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    Ovary of 2–8 carpels completely connate or only at the base, loculi 1–2-ovulate, ovules anatropous; style 1; pistillode usually present in female flowers

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    Petals 0–5, usually with 1–2 scales at the base of the lamina

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    Disk usually extra-staminal, sometimes unilateral (absent in Dodonaea)

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    Sepals usually 4–5, often ± connate

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    Seeds without endosperm, often with an arillode

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    Fruit capsular or fleshy and indehiscent (berry or drupe) or composed of 1 or more indehiscent cocci (often reduced to 1 by abortion)

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    Flowers usually spuriously polygamo-dioecious, more rarely monoecious

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    Inflorescences usually racemoid or paniculate terminal or axillary or caulinary thyrses, or flowers sometimes fasciculate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Trees, shrubs or climbers (rarely herbaceous)

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    Stipules absent (except in Paullinia and Cardiospermum in our area)

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    Leaves alternate (rarely opposite, not in our area), simple, 1-foliolate, 3-foliolate, biternate, decompound, paripinnate, imparipinnate or bipinnate

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    Leaves alternate, sometimes crowded (palm-like) at the apex of the tree, variously simple, ternate, biternate, pinnate or bipinnate, in the latter two kinds most often without a terminal leaflet at maturity; stipules lacking or small

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    Indumentum commonly of simple hairs, sometimes in tufts in the axils of leaf-veins, rarely fasciculate; glands of several kinds occurring on both vegetative and flowering parts

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    Trees, shrubs or rarely herbs, sometimes climbing by tendrils

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    Calyx of (3–)4–5(–7) free or partially united imbricate or valvate sepals

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    Petals absent or 4–5, often with a basal claw, usually with a simple or elaborated scale on the inner face

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    Inflorescences axillary or cauliflorous, thyrsoidal, paniculate or racemose

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    Flowers regular or slightly zygomorphic, unisexual except in some Dodonaea but with non-functional organs of the other sex usually present

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    Stamens 5–20(–74), often 8, but sometimes variable in number within a species, inserted in most cases inside the disk or occasionally on its surface; filaments free, terete or barely flattened, glabrous or hairy; anthers variously ovoid-sagittate to spherical, sometimes pilose, the connective rarely glandular, dehiscing introrsely by longitudinal slits; pollen grains tricolporate

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    Disk conspicuous, simple, or rarely a double ring, or reduced to a pair of glands

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    Fruit a capsule, sometimes lobed, or drupe, often composed of one matured mericarp with the aborted remaining carpels visible at its base

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    Ovary 1–8-locular; ovules usually 1–2 (rarely several) per locule; style apical, except in >i>Allophylus where semi-gynobasic, entire or 2–3-lobed

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    Seed usually with a hard black or brown testa, which in one case contains stomata, often with a conspicuous fleshy aril or sarcotesta, without endosperm

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    Included Genus

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Sapindaceae
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).