Proteaceae Juss.
  • Gen. Pl. 78. 1789. (4 Aug 1789)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Proteaceae Juss. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000499. Accessed on: 27 Feb 2020'

General Information

Trees or shrubs. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite or whorled, simple or variously divided. Inflorescences axillary, ramiflorous, cauliflorous, or terminal, simple or rarely compound, with flowers borne laterally either in pairs or sometimes singly, racemose, sometimes spicate, paniculate, or condensed into a head; bracts subtending flower pairs usually small, sometimes accrescent and woody; floral bracts usually minute or absent. Flowers bisexual or rarely unisexual and dioecious, actinomorphic or zygomorphic. Perianth segments (3 or)4(or 5), valvate, usually tubular in bud; limb short, variously split at anthesis. Stamens 4, opposite perianth segments; filaments usually adnate to perianth and not distinct; anthers basifixed, usually 2-loculed, longitudinally dehiscent, connective often prolonged. Hypogynous glands 4 (or 1-3 or absent), free or variously connate. Ovary superior, 1-loculed, sessile or stipitate; ovules 1 or 2(or more), pendulous, laterally or basally, rarely subapically attached. Style terminal, simple, often apically clavate; stigma terminal or lateral, mostly small. Fruit a follicle, achene, or drupe or drupaceous. Seeds 1 or 2(or few to many), sometimes winged; endosperm absent (or vestigial); embryo usually straight; cotyledons thin or thick and fleshy; radicle short, inferior.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    • 5
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    Morphology

    Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, simple or much divided; stipules absent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 2
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    Trees or shrubs

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 2
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    Ovary superior, 1-celled; style long, simple; ovule 1 (in our species), subpendulous

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 2
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    Hypogynous scales often present

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 2
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    Seed without endosperm

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Fruit a nut, densely bearded, crowned by the persistent style

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Flowers (in our species) in a bracteate capitulum or elongated spike

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Stamens 4; anthers opposite the calyx-lobes, subsessile, 2-celled, opening lengthwise

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 2
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    Calyx petaloid, tetramerous, valvate, tubular in bud, one segment soon splitting away from the others and releasing the style, three segments remaining united

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 2
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    Leaves alternate or rarely opposite or verticillate, usually coriaceous, estipulate, entire to toothed or lobed or pinnate

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Trees, shrubs or suffrutices

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Four small hypogynous scales often present on the receptacle between perianth and ovary

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Ovary superior, sessile or shortly stalked, often clothed with long hairs, 1-locular with ovules variously numerous in 2 series, or 2, or solitary and orthotropous or amphitropous to anatropous; style (in Flora area) long, often exceeding the perianth, variously modified distally into a filiform to expanded pollen-presenter

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Fruit a follicle, capsule, drupe or nut

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence a raceme, spike or head

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Flowers ? or rarely (not in East Africa) dioecious, zygomorphic

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Perianth 4-merous, the segments ± fused into a tube in bud but variously separating in flower, in native genera differentiated into a swollen base, narrow claw and expanded terminal limb, with the tube splitting before the limb to release a loop of the style while the stigma remains enclosed in the limb

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Staments 4, fused to the perianth and (in Flora area) lying inside the limb, attached opposite the perianth-segments, the filaments largely adnate to the perianth-segments and the anthers free

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Trees, shrubs or suffrutices

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate or rarely opposite or verticillate, usually coriaceous, estipulate, entire to toothed or lobed or pinnate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence a raceme, spike or head

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Flowers hermaphrodite or rarely (not in the Flora Zambesiaca area) dioecious, zygomorphic

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Perianth 4-merous, the segments ± fused into a tube in bud but variously separating in flower, in the native genera differentiated into a swollen base, narrow claw and expanded terminal limb, with the tube splitting before the limb to release a loop of the style while the stigma remains enclosed in the limb

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Four small hypogynous scales often present on the receptacle between perianth and ovary

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stamens 4, fused to the perianth and (in the Flora Zambesiaca area) lying inside the limb, attached opposite the perianth segments, the filaments largely adnate to the perianth segments and the anthers free

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Fruit a follicle, capsule, drupe or nut

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Ovary superior, sessile or shortly stalked, often clothed with long hairs, unilocular with ovules variously numerous in 2 series, or 2, or solitary and orthotropous or amphitropous to anatropous; style (in the Flora Zambesiaca area) long, often exceeding the perianth, variously modified distally into a filiform to expanded pollen-presenter

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Included Genus

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Proteaceae
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).