Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
  • Fl. Portug. 1: 62. 1809. (1 Sep 1809)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000487. Accessed on: 18 Nov 2019'

General Information

Perennial or annual herbs or shrubs or trees, rarely small herbs (the latter sometimes saprophytic). Leaves simple, alternate, opposite, or whorled, petiolate or sessile, papery or leathery, with pinnate veins, margin entire, leaves rarely reduced and scalelike; stipules absent, sometimes spiniform or scalelike appendages present. Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic, white, yellow, or purple-red, pedicellate or sessile, in axillary or terminal racemes, panicles, or spikes, with bracts and usually also with bracteoles. Calyx persistent or caducous; sepals 5, free or connate at base, outer 3 small, inner 2 (alae) large, petal-like, or all 5 nearly equal. Petals 3 or 5, basally often connate, lower (median) one ("keel") usually inflexed, carinate, sometimes with fimbriate or lamellate or papilionaceous apical appendages. Stamens 8, 7, 5, or 4; filaments free, or variously united and forming a sheath open on upper side and troughlike; anthers basifixed, usually dehiscing by a single apical pore. Disk usually absent, if present annular or glandular. Ovary superior, 1- or 2-loculed; ovule 1 per locule, anatropous, pendulous, rarely ovules numerous and placentas parietal; style 1, erect or curved; stigmas 1 or 2, capitate. Fruit a 2-loculed capsule, dehiscing by valves, or a 1-loculed samara or a berrylike drupe, dehiscing or not. Seeds 2, or 1 with 1 sterile locule, yellow-brown, dark castaneous, or black, ovoid, globose, or ellipsoidal, glabrous or piliferous, strophiolate or not, with or without endosperm, sometimes with an appendage at end opposite to strophiole.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Torus small or rarely expanded into an annular disk within the stamens

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Ovary free, 2-celled or rarely 1-celled or 3–5-celled; style simple; ovules solitary in each cell, rarely more, pendulous

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Fruit a capsule, samara or drupe

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Petals 3–5, hypogynous, declinate, outer 2 free or united with the lowermost, upper 2 free or minute and scale-like or 0

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    Stamens 8, rarely 5 or 4, monadelphous beyond the middle or rarely free, the sheath split above, often adnate to the petals; anthers erect, 1–2-celled, opening by an apical pore, rarely 2-valved or opening nearly to the base

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    Flowers hermaphrodite, zygomorphic; pedicels often articulated

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Sepals 5, free, imbricate, the two inner larger, often petaloid, wing-like

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Herbs, shrubs, climbers or rarely small trees

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, simple; stipules none

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Seeds often pilose, with a conspicuous strophiole; endosperm mostly present; embryo straight

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Fruit a capsule, samara or drupe

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Seeds often sericeous, usually carunculate; endosperm usually present

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ovary superior, usually 2-locular (1–5), with 1 pendulous ovule in each loculus

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stamens usually 5–8 (rarely 4); filaments usually united in a slit tube

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 2
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    Petals 3–5; two upper ones free or joined to the lower one (keel); two lateral ones free, often absent or vestigial

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Small trees, woody climbers, shrublets or perennial or annual herbs

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Sepals 5; two lateral (interior) ones often petaloid (wings); two anterior ones sometimes joined

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 2
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    Leaves usually alternate, simple, entire, exstipulate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 2
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    Distribution

    Fairly abundantly represented in our area

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Polygalaceae
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).