Picramniaceae Fernando & Quinn
  • Taxon 44: 177. 1995. (15 May 1995)
  • Bitterbush or Picramnia Family

This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Shrubs or trees, rarely subshrubs, dioecious. Stems usually single, wood dense. Leaves usually persistent, cauline, alternate, imparipinnately compound; stipules absent; petiole present; blade usually chartaceous, margins entire, ?leaflets alternate or subopposite (often darkening upon drying), bases of lateral leaflets often oblique?. Inflorescences terminal or lateral, simple racemes (either of separate flowers or glomerules of flowers), pendent, or compound thyrses. Flowers unisexual, perianth and androecium hypogynous; epicalyx bractlet absent; hypanthium absent; sepals [3–]5, basally connate or distinct; petals [3–]5, sometimes 0, distinct, ?stramineous to maroon or red, usually ligulate?; stamens or staminodia (if present) (3–)5, distinct, antipetalous, anthers longitudinally dehiscent; staminate flowers: (filaments unappendaged) intrastaminal discs or, rarely, column present, pistillodia usually conic and hairy or vestigial; pistillate flowers: staminodia present or absent; pistils 1, 2–3(–4)-carpellate, ovary borne on disc or gynophore, placentation apical, styles 2–3(–4), usually ± lacking, stigmas sessile and divergent on apices of ovaries; ovules 2 or 3 per locule. Fruits berries or samaras; ?sepals often persistent; stigmas persistent?. Seeds 1, not arillate.


SELECTED REFRENCE Thomas, W. W. 1990. The American genera of Simaroubaceae and their distribution. Acta Bot. Brasil. 4: 11–18.

Common Names

Bitterbush or Picramnia Family

 Information From

Flora of North America @ efloras.org
'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  • A Flora of North America Association
  • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
World Flora Online consortium
World Flora Online Data. 2018.
  • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).