Opiliaceae Valeton
  • Crit. Overz. Olacin. 136. 1886. (7 Jul 1886)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Opiliaceae Valeton. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000428. Accessed on: 25 Jan 2020'

General Information

Evergreen trees, shrubs, or lianas, root parasites. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, margin entire, penninerved. Inflorescences axillary or cauliflorous, spikes, racemes, or panicles [or umbels, in Africa]; bracts narrowly ovate or scale-like. Flowers small, actinomorphic, (3-)5-merous, bisexual or unisexual and plants then dioecious or gynodioecious (in Champereia). Perianth free or tepals partly united, valvate. Stamens as many as and opposite tepals, free or filaments inserted on tepals; anthers 2-loculed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Disk intrastaminal, lobed, annular, or cupular. Ovary superior or semi-sunken in disk, 1-loculed; ovule 1, pendulous, unitegmic, tenuinucellar; placentation free-central. Style short or none; stigma entire or shallowly lobed. Fruit a drupe. Seed coat thin; endosperm oily; embryo terete, with 3 or 4 linear cotyledons.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Calyx minute

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    Flowers mostly hermaphrodite

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    Leaves alternate, simple; stipules absent

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    Trees, shrubs or woody climbers

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    Disk-glands alternating with the stamens

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    Ovary superior or semi-inferior, 1-celled; stigma sessile or style slender; ovule solitary, pendulous or erect

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    Petals conspicuous in bud, 4–5, free or more or less united, valvate

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    Stamens as many as the petals and opposite to them, free or united to the base of the petals; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise by slits

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    Fruit drupaceous, often fleshy

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    Seeds with copious endosperm and rather small embryo

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    Inflorescence racemose or umbellate

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    Flowers mainly bisexual but some dioecious (e.g. in Agonandra), but not in Africa, regular

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Sepals 4–5, free, valvate, or sometimes partially united

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    • 3
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    Petals 4–5, free, valvate or sometimes partially united

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    • 3
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    Stamens opposite and equal in number to the petals, free or partially united to them; anthers dithecous, dehiscing longitudinally

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Disk entire or bearing free glands alternating with the stamens

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ovary superior to semi-inferior, unilocular; ovule solitary, pendulous from the apex of a central placenta; stigma sessile or borne on a slender style

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 3
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    Fruit a drupe, often fleshy

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    Seeds having copious endosperm and a relatively small embryo

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Trees, shrubs, or woody climbers

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 3
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    Leaves alternate, entire, simple, exstipulate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 3
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    Shrubs, scandent or occasionally erect

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves alternate, simple, entire, penninerved, exstipulate

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 4
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    Inflorescences racemose or umbellate, axillary, solitary or fasciculate; flowers 4–5-merous, actinomorphic, bisexual, solitary or fasciculate

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 4
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    Calyx minute, annular or cupuliform

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Seed large; endosperm abundant; embryo straight

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Ovary fusiform, free or almost so, 1-locular; ovule solitary, anatropous, pendulous from the apex of a central placenta

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 4
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    Fruit drupaceous

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Disk with free glands alternating with the stamens

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 4
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    Stamens opposite the petals

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    Petals valvate in bud

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     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Opiliaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).