Marattiaceae Kaulf.
  • Enum. Filic. 31. 1824. (8 Apr-29 May 1824)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Marattiaceae Kaulf. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000362. Accessed on: 22 Jan 2020'

General Information

Plants terrestrial (rarely epiphytic, sometimes in streams), evergreen. Rhizomes erect, ascending, or creeping, amylaceous (starchy), polycyclostelic to dictyostelic. Fronds monomorphic and long-lived or dimorphic and fertile ones short-lived (Danaea), simple or compound, 1-4-pinnate or (pedate-)palmate (Christensenia), small (ca. 20 cm) to very large (up to at least 6 m). Stipes fleshy, with a pair of stipulelike appendages at base, often with conspicuous lenticels. Pulvini at base of fronds, at nodes, at bases of pinnae, and in some species at "naked" nodes (without pinnae) along stipe. Veins free, simple or bifurcate, or reticulate (Christensenia), false veins present between true veins or absent. Tissues mucilaginous. Indument of multicellular uniseriate hairs and basifixed or peltate scales. Sori lacking true indusia, usually with paraphyses, superficial, sunken or stalked, elongate along veins, bilateral or radial. Sporangia partially or completely fused into synangia, dehiscing by a slit or pore. Spores trilete or monolete, with bullate, muriform, or stellate ornamentation. Prothalli very large, thalloid, photosynthetic.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Rhizomes short massive erect trunks, covered with persistent stipules; leaf–traces with complex steles

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Robust perennial herbs with fleshy mycorrhizal roots and multicellular root hairs

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Large terrestrial ferns with often very large fronds and stipular outgrowths at the base of the stipe

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Rhizome creeping or erect, short and massive

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Marattiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).