Hypoxidaceae R.Br.
  • Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 576. 1814. (19 Jul 1814)


This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

Morphology

Herbs with a tuberous rhizome or a corm

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    Leaves mostly all radical, usually prominently nerved and often clothed with long hairs

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    Flowers solitary, spicate, racemose or subumbellate, mostly white or yellow, actinomorphic

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    Perianth-tube nothing or very short or consolidated into a long beak on top of the ovary; segments 6, spreading, equal

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    Stamens 6 or rarely 3, opposite the perianth-segments and inserted at their base; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise

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    Ovary inferior, 3-celled, style short or 3 styles separate

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    Ovules numerous in 2 series on axile placentas, or rarely few

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    Fruit a capsule opening by a circular slit or by vertical slits near the top, or indehiscent and fleshy

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    Seeds small; embryo in abundant endosperm

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    Seeds ellipsoid to globose, sometimes with a distinct strophiole(Curculigo), dark brown or black

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    Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, 3(4)-merous, usually pedicellate

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    Inflorescences 1–several, terminal, scapose; scapes ± terete or flattened, with flowers solitary or 2–many spicately to racemosely or corymbosely arranged

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    Leaves basal, 1–many, rosulate or tristichous, sessile or pseudopetiolate, ± sheathing at the base, the outermost often reduced to cataphylls; laminas erect or arcuate, linear to lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate to ovate, ± prominently parallel-veined, often V-shaped in cross-section (conduplicate) or ± terete, sometimes plicate, glabrous or pubescent; leaf sheaths with ± broad scarious margins, older leaf bases usually disintegrating into fibrous remnants

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    Herbaceous geophytes perennating by rhizomes or corms with contractile roots (the aerial parts dying back after the growing season)

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    Fruit a capsule with circumscissile or loculicidal dehiscence, or sometimes ± fleshy and indehiscent

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    Ovary inferior, 3-locular with axile placentation (or 1-locular); ovules few to many; style 1, filiform to subulate; stigmas 3–6

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    Stamens 6, usually in 2 whorls (3 stamens in Pauridia); filaments short, arising from the base of the tepals; anthers 2-thecous, entire or deeply sagittate, opening introrsely or latrorsely by longitudinal slits

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    Perianth ± persistent; perianth segments (tepals) (4)6, erect or spreading, subequal or somewhat heterochlamydeous, free, or lower part of perianth segments fused below into a narrow tube (the perianth tube in Curculigo)

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      Bibliography

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Hypoxidaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).