Hernandiaceae Blume
  • Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (11): 550. 1825[1826]. (24 Jan 1826)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Hernandiaceae Blume. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000278. Accessed on: 09 Dec 2019'

General Information

Trees, shrubs, or scandent lianas. Leaves simple or palmately compound, petiolate, circinate and scandent in part, estipulate. Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or polygamous, actinomorphic, in axillary or terminal corymbs or cymose panicles, with bracts or not. Outer tepals (sepals) 3-5. Inner tepals (petals) similar to outer ones. Stamens 3-5; filament bases with appendages on external sides or not; anthers 2-celled; cells valvate. Ovary inferior, 1-loculed, 1-ovuled; ovule pendulous. Drupe ± costate, broadly 2-4-winged or enclosed in an inflated cupule and wings absent. Seed 1, exalbuminous, coat leathery.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Stamens 3–5 in a single whorl, when the perianth is double opposite the outer segments, often 4; anthers 2-celled, opening introrsely or laterally by 2 valves; staminodes gland-like, in one or two whorls outside the stamens, or absent, those of the outer whorl in pairs at the base of the filaments, those of the inner whorl alternate with the stamens

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Ovary single, inferior, 1-celled; ovule solitary, pendulous

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    Calyx with 3–5 valvate subequal segments in two whorls or rarely 4–8 in one whorl

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Fruit dry, more or less ribbed, either with 2–4 wings on the body or with two terminal wings formed by enlarged perianth-segments, or wingless but enclosed in the inflated receptacle

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Seed solitary, without endosperm; testa leathery; embryo straight; cotyledons large, plano-convex or flat and twisted around the radicle

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Trees or shrubs, sometimes scandent, with alternate, simple or digitately compound leaves; stipules absent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Flowers hermaphrodite, or monoecious or polygamous by abortion, actinomorphic, arranged in axillary corymbose or paniculate cymes, bracteate or not

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Seed solitary, without endosperm, enclosed in woody endocarp; embryo straight; cotyledons large, plano-convex, ± lobed, or flattened and spirally twisted

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Monoecious trees or shrubs or lianes with bisexual flowers, with aromatic oils in stems and leaves

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers usually small, greenish yellow, cream-coloured or white in axillary, peduncled, corymbose or panicled, bracteate or ebracteate cymes, bisexual or polygamous by abortion, regular

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves alternate, exstipulate, simple or palmately compound, sometimes with small pellucid dots, 3–7-nerved at or a little above the base

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens 3–5 in a single whorl, opposite the outer perianth- segments when the perianth is double, or 2–7 but generally 4 when the perianth is single; anthers 2-thecous, dehiscing introrsely or laterally by 2 flap-like valves

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 2
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    Perianth superior; segments free or shortly united below, in two valvate 3–5-merous whorls, or more rarely in one imbricate 4–8-merous whorl

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 2
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    Ovary inferior, 1-locular; ovule solitary, pendulous, anatropous

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Staminodes ± glandular, in 1 or 2 whorls usually outside the stamens, or absent; those of the outer whorl in pairs at the base of the stamens, those of the inner whorl alternate with the stamens

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruit dry, often longitudinally ribbed, sometimes with 2–4 longitudinal wings (Illigera), or with 2 terminal wings formed by accrescent perianth-segments (>i>Gyrocarpus), or wingless and enclosed in an inflated capsule (>i>Hernandia)

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 2
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    Seed solitary, without endosperm; embryo straight; cotyledons plano-convex, ± lobed, or flattened and spirally twisted

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves alternate, exstipulate, simple, digitately compound or 3–5-lobed

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Inflorescences of axillary, rarely terminal, corymbose or paniculate cymes, pedunculate, bracteate or ebracteate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Flowers regular, bisexual, or unisexual by abortion and the plants monoecious or polygamous, rarely dioecious

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Perianth segments subequal, free or shortly united below, in two 3–5-merous, valvate whorls or in one 4–8-merous, imbricate whorl

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 3
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    Stamens 3–5 in one whorl and opposite the outer segments when perianth is double, or (2)4(7) when perianth is single; anthers 2-thecous, dehiscing introrsely or laterally by 2 flap-like valves

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    • 3
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    Staminodes absent or ± gland-like, 1–2-whorled, usually outside the stamens; outer whorl paired at the base of the stamens, inner whorl alternating with the stamens

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Ovary inferior, 1-locular; ovule solitary, pendulous, anatropous

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Fruit dry indehiscent, often winged, longitudinally ribbed or with lateral wings (Illigera), or with 2 apical wings formed by accrescent perianth segments (Gyrocarpus), or wingless and enclosed in an inflated capsule (Hernandia)

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Trees, shrubs or lianes, with aromatic oils in stems and leaves

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Hernandiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).