Geraniaceae Juss.
  • Gen. Pl. 268. 1789. (4 Aug 1789)

This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Herbs, annual or perennial [rarely shrublets or shrubs]. Stipules present. Leaves alternate or opposite, palmately or pinnately divided, petiolate. Flowers in cymes, pseudoumbels, rarely flowers solitary, usually bisexual, actinomorphic, or ± zygomorphic. Sepals 5, usually distinct, imbricate. Petals usually 5, distinct. Fertile stamens 5 or 10, usually in 2 whorls, sometimes a whorl reduced to staminodes; filaments basally connate or distinct; anthers 2-locular, longitudinally dehiscent. Ovary superior; carpels 5, connate; ovules 1 or 2 per locule, pendulous, anatropous. Fruit a schizocarp with 5 1-seeded awned mericarps which separate elastically from a central beak. Seeds usually with little or no endosperm; embryo folded.


Flowers often handsome, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic or slightly zygomorphic, axillary, solitary to subumbellate

Annual herbs or undershrubs, rarely arborescent; leaves alternate or opposite, mostly lobate, dissected or compound; stipules often paired

Seeds pendulous, with thin or no (rarely copious) endosperm and mostly curved or folded embryo

Fruit lobed; lobes 1-seeded, rarely more-seeded, often beaked, opening from the base upwards

Ovary 3–5-lobed; ovules 1–2 in each cell, superposed, pendulous, rarely more than 2

Stamens 2–3 times the number of the sepals, sometimes a few without anthers; filaments mostly more or less connate at the base; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise

Petals 5, rarely 4, very rarely absent, hypogynous or subperigynous, imbricate, rarely contorted

Sepals persistent, 4–5, free or connate to the middle, imbricate or rarely valvate, the dorsal one sometimes spurred

 Information From

Plants Of the World Online Portal
  • A The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Flora Of CHina @
'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  • B Missouri Botanical Garden
World Flora Online Data. 2017.
  • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
World Flora Online consortium
World Flora Online Data. 2018.
  • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).