Dipterocarpaceae Blume
  • Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 222. 1825. (20 Sep--7 Dec 1825)

This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Trees, evergreen or semievergreen, rarely deciduous in dry season. Xylem with aromatic resin in intercellular resin canals. Branchlets with stipular scars, sometimes annular. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules persistent or caducous, large or small; leaf blade with lateral veins pinnate, margin entire or sinuate-crenate. Inflorescences few- or many-flowered, terminal or axillary racemes or panicles; flowers usually sweetly scented; bracts usually fugacious and minute, rarely persistent and large. Inflorescences, calyces, petals, ovary, and other parts usually with stellate, squamate, fascicled or free-standing hairs. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, contorted. Calyx lobes 5, free or united at base, imbricate in bud if not united. Petals 5, adnate or connate at base. Stamens (10-)15 to many, free from or connate to petals; filaments usually dilated at base; anthers 2-celled, with 2 pollen sacs per cell (Chinese species); connective appendages aristate, filiform or stout. Ovary superior, rarely semi-inferior, slightly immersed in torus, usually 3-loculed, each locule 2-, rarely many ovuled; ovules pendulous, lateral or anatropous. Fruit usually nutlike, sometimes capsular and 3-valved, 1(to many)-seeded, with persistent, variously accrescent calyx of which 2 or more lobes are usually developed into lorate wings. Seed exalbuminous; cotyledons fleshy, equal or unequal, applanate or ± folded or cerebriform, entire or laciniate; radicle directed toward hilum, usually included between cotyledons.

About 17 genera and 550 species: tropical Africa, Asia, and South America (in Asia, most species and genera in NW Borneo); five genera and 12 species (one endemic, one introduced) in China.

Tong Shaoquan & Tao Gouda. 1990. Dipterocarpaceae. In: Li Hsiwen, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 50(2): 113-131.


Trees with resinous wood

"Leaves alternate, entire, penninerved; indumentum often of two kinds, of stellate hairs or rarely of peltáte scales; stipules mostly small and deciduous, sometimes very large and enclosing the young bud, rarely persistent, leaving an annular scar after falling away"

"Flowers hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, fragrant, in axillary panicles"

"Calyx-tube short or well developed, free or adnate to the ovary; lobes 5, imbricate or valvate, mostly greatly enlarged, wing-like, and ascending in fruit and then strongly nervose, rarely small and reflexed or spreading"

Seeds without endosperm; cotyledons thick and equal or variously contorted

"Fruit free from or included in the enlarged calyx-tube, rarely closely adnate to it, indehiscent, usually 1-seeded"

"Ovary inserted on the broad torus or slightly immersed in it, 3-celled; style subulate or variously thickened, entire or 3-lobed; ovules 2 in each cell"

"Stamens rarely definite, hypogynous or subperigynous; filaments short, often dilated at the base; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise; connective mucronate or aristate or club-shaped"

"Petals 5, much contorted, free or slightly connate at the base, often hairy and inconspicuous"


  • 1
  • 2 Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 222. 1825. (20 Sep--7 Dec 1825)

 Information From

Plants Of the World Online Portal
  • A
Flora Of China @ efloras.org
'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  • B All Rights Reserved
World Flora Online Data. 2017.
  • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
World Flora Online consortium
World Flora Online Data. 2017.
  • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).