Dilleniaceae Salisb.
  • Parad. Lond. sub t. 73. 1806[1807]. (1 Jun 1807)


This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Trees, shrubs, or woody climbers, rarely herbs; hairs sclerified and/or silicified, sometimes fasciculate. Leaves simple, rarely pinnatisect or pinnately compound, usually spirally arranged, rarely opposite, petiolate; stipules absent; petiole sometimes winged; leaf blade leathery, herbaceous, or membranous, margin entire or serrate. Flowers bisexual, rarely unisexual, actinomorphic, occasionally zygomorphic, solitary or in racemes, panicles or cymes. Sepals (3 or)4-5(-18), imbricate, persistent, usually leathery or fleshy, sometimes accrescent in fruit. Petals (2 or)3-5(-7), white, yellow, or red, imbricate, crumpled in bud. Stamens numerous (or 1-10), developing centrifugally, free or united basally and then in fascicles; staminodes often present; anthers basifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, apical clefts, or apical pores. Gynoecium (1 or)2-7(-20)-carpellate, superior; carpels free or hemisyncarpous; stylodia free, apically stigmatic; ovules 1 to numerous, anatropous; placentation submarginal, or basal when ovules 1 or 2. Fruit a follicle, polyfollicle, berry, or capsule, or indehiscent and enclosed by fleshy sepals. Seeds 1 to numerous; endosperm copious, oily; embryo very small, straight, achlorophyllous.

Morphology

Fruits dehiscing by one or both sutures

Flowers yellow or white, hermaphrodite or polygamous, rarely dioecious

Seeds 1 or few, with an aril; endosperm copious, with minute embryo

Shrubs or undershrubs, often climbing, rarely trees or herbs; leaves alternate, simple, entire or dentate (rarely divided); stipules very rare, and then adnate to the petiole and early deciduous

Stamens hypogynous, numerous, rarely 10 or fewer, free or variously united at the base

Carpels 1 or many, generally free; ovules 1 to many in each carpel

Sepals 5, rarely fewer, imbricate, persistent

Petals 5 or fewer, imbricate, fugacious

 Information From

Plants Of the World Online Portal
https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
  • A The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  • B Missouri Botanical Garden
Dilleniaceae
World Flora Online Data. 2017.
  • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
World Flora Online consortium
http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
World Flora Online Data. 2018.
  • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).