Dilleniaceae Salisb.
  • Parad. Lond. sub t. 73. 1806[1807]. (1 Jun 1807)


This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Trees, shrubs, or woody climbers, rarely herbs; hairs sclerified and/or silicified, sometimes fasciculate. Leaves simple, rarely pinnatisect or pinnately compound, usually spirally arranged, rarely opposite, petiolate; stipules absent; petiole sometimes winged; leaf blade leathery, herbaceous, or membranous, margin entire or serrate. Flowers bisexual, rarely unisexual, actinomorphic, occasionally zygomorphic, solitary or in racemes, panicles or cymes. Sepals (3 or)4-5(-18), imbricate, persistent, usually leathery or fleshy, sometimes accrescent in fruit. Petals (2 or)3-5(-7), white, yellow, or red, imbricate, crumpled in bud. Stamens numerous (or 1-10), developing centrifugally, free or united basally and then in fascicles; staminodes often present; anthers basifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, apical clefts, or apical pores. Gynoecium (1 or)2-7(-20)-carpellate, superior; carpels free or hemisyncarpous; stylodia free, apically stigmatic; ovules 1 to numerous, anatropous; placentation submarginal, or basal when ovules 1 or 2. Fruit a follicle, polyfollicle, berry, or capsule, or indehiscent and enclosed by fleshy sepals. Seeds 1 to numerous; endosperm copious, oily; embryo very small, straight, achlorophyllous.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Inflorescence various

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Flowers yellow or white, hermaphrodite or polygamous, rarely dioecious

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or undershrubs, often climbing, rarely trees or herbs; leaves alternate, simple, entire or dentate (rarely divided); stipules very rare, and then adnate to the petiole and early deciduous

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stamens hypogynous, numerous, rarely 10 or fewer, free or variously united at the base

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Carpels 1 or many, generally free; ovules 1 to many in each carpel

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Sepals 5, rarely fewer, imbricate, persistent

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Petals 5 or fewer, imbricate, fugacious

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Fruits dehiscing by one or both sutures

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Seeds 1 or few, with an aril; endosperm copious, with minute embryo

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate (opposite in Hibbertia from Madagascar), simple, rarely deeply lobed or pinnatifid (not in Africa)

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Trees, shrubs, climbers, more rarely perennial herbs

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Flowers bisexual, or unisexual, regular, hypogynous, borne in terminal or axillary cymes or racemes, sometimes solitary

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Stipules absent or more rarely adnate to the petiole and wing-like

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Petals (2–)5(–6), free, imbricate, often relatively large and showy

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Stamens (3–)?, free or partially united at the base into bundles, often persistent; anthers 2-thecous, dehiscence by means of a longitudinal slit or apical pore

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Sepals 3–5(–20), free, imbricate, persistent

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Seeds usually bearing a laciniate aril and copious fleshy endosperm

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Fruit a follicle or berry-like

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Carpels (1–)3–5(–20), free or partially united along the central axis; ovules 1 or more, anatropous, erect from the base or inner suture; styles free; stigma simple

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Carpels free, rarely one; ovules single or more, erect from the base or on the ventral suture of the carpel; styles free

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Stamens numerous, rarely definite (never in our area), hypogynous, free or variously united into bundles at the base, often persistent; anthers opening lengthwise or by terminal pores

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Seeds usually with a crested or laciniate aril; endosperm copious, fleshy; embryo minute

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Ripe carpels dehiscent or baccate

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Petals 5 or fewer, imbricate, often crumpled in bud

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Sepals 5, imbricate

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Flowers bisexual (in all our species) or unisexual

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Stipules absent or represented by a narrow wing adnate to the petiole

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, entire or variously toothed (rarely pinnatifid or 3-lobed but not in our area), with prominent, parallel lateral nerves

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Shrubs, trees or lianes, rarely herbs

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Dilleniaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).