Cyatheaceae Kaulf.
  • Wesen Farrenkr. 119. 1827. (Jul-Sep 1827)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Cyatheaceae Kaulf. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000165. Accessed on: 17 Feb 2020'

General Information

Plants terrestrial, large to very large, less often medium-sized, with short to usually long, erect, slender to robust, apically scaly stem. Stems with dictyosteles, apices (and usually stipe bases) covered with large scales, sometimes also with small scales or hairs. Fronds usually large (up to 5 m); stipe with obvious, usually discontinuous pneumathodes in two lines; lamina 1-3-pinnate (rarely simple); veins simple to forked, free, rarely anastomosing. Sori superficial (abaxial) or terminal on veins and marginal or submarginal, orbicular, exindusiate, or indusia saucerlike, cuplike, or globose and completely surrounding sporangia, or bivalvate; sporangia maturing gradually, with oblique annuli; receptacles raised; paraphyses usually present; spores tetrahedral, trilete, variously ornamented; gametophytes green, cordate. x = 69.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Stems clothed with persistent leaf–bases and matted adventitious roots; scales present at the apex of the stem and bases of the stipe; fronds large, bipinnate, usually spiny at base, arranged spirally at the apex of the stem

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Tree ferns, with (in W.African species) stout erect dictyostelic trunks

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Erect ferns with stems (trunk or caudex) to 10 m in Africa; rarely (not in Africa) prostrate or epiphytic; vascular tissue forming a hollow cylinder perforated by large gaps, the surface of stems covered with densely matted adventitious roots, rarely spiny; stipe bases persistent or, if not, then stipe scars prominent, old fronds rarely clothing the stem

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Cyatheaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).