Connaraceae R.Br.
  • Narr. Exped. Zaire 431. 1818. (5 Mar 1818)


This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Trees small, shrubs, or vines, erect or scandent, evergreen or deciduous. Leaves alternate, exstipulate, petiolate; leaf blade odd-pinnate, 3-foliolate, or 1-foliolate; leaflets subopposite or alternate, usually leathery, margin entire, rarely lobulate. Inflorescences terminal, pseudoterminal, or axillary, paniculate or racemose, bracteate. Flowers bisexual, rarely unisexual, actinomorphic, small. Sepals (4 or)5, free or united at very base only, imbricate or valvate, persistent and clasping base of fruit. Petals (4 or)5, free, rarely slightly connate at middle, imbricate or valvate, rarely circinate. Stamens 5–10, hypogynous or perigynous, in 2 whorls alternately longer and shorter, those opposite petals often shorter and abortive; filaments free or shortly connate at base; anthers didymous, dorsifixed in proximal 1/2, introrse, short, dehiscing longitudinally. Disk thin or absent, surrounded by base of stamens. Carpels (1–) 5(–8), free, 1-celled, hirsute. Style subulate or filiform; stigma subcapitate, simple or 2-lobed. Ovules 2 in each carpel (1 sometimes sterile), collateral, erect. Fruit a usually solitary follicle, sessile or stipitate, dehiscing usually along adaxial suture, sometimes along abaxial one, very rarely circumscissile at base, sometimes indehiscent. Seed 1(or 2), erect, usually arillate, rarely exarillate; testa thick; aril colored, fleshy; endosperm present or absent; embryo straight; cotyledons thick and fleshy in exalbuminous seeds, thin in albuminous ones.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Stamens hypogynous to perigynous, often declinate, 5 or 10; filaments often united at the base; anthers 2–celled, opening lengthwise

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Petals 5, free or sometimes slightly connate, imbricate or rarely valvate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Calyx imbricate or valvate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Flowers hermaphrodite, actinomorphic or slightly zygomorphic

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Ovules 2, collateral, erect, attached near the base or the middle of the ventral suture, all or only 1 ripening into fruit

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Fruit often splitting down one side exposing the seed

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Disk absent or thin

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Carpels 1–5, free, 1–celled

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Seeds usually 1, with or without endosperm, often arillate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Erect trees or shrubs, or scandent

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, compound, imparipinnate or 1–3-foliolate; stipules absent

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Carpels 5 or solitary, rarely 3, free, 1-locular; apparently all fertile but only 1–3 ripening into fruit; ovules 2, collateral, erect, attached at the base, near the base or near the middle of the ventral suture

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Disk absent or thin

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Seed usually 1 in each follicle, with or without endosperm, often arillate or pseudarillate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Fruit usually follicular, dehiscing by the ventral suture, sometimes indehiscent or dehiscing irregularly

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Erect or scandent shrubs, small trees or lianes, rarely rhizomatous shrublets

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Sepals 5, imbricate or valvate, usually free

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Petals 5, free or slightly connate near the base, imbricate or rarely valvate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, imparipinnate or 1–3-foliolate, leaflets entire; stipules absent

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Flowers usually bisexual, actinomorphic or subzygomorphic; androecium and gynoecium usually dimorphic

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Stamens 10 or 5, hypogynous to perigynous; filaments often united at the base; anthers 2-thecous, dorsifixed, with longitudinal introrse dehiscence

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Endosperm abundant, rudimentary or absent; cotyledons plano-convex, fleshy, or much flattened and small; radicle apical or laterally displaced

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Seed solitary, with ± fleshy aril covering part or all of the seed; aril free or sometimes fused with testa to form a compound fleshy pseudo-aril

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Fruit usually follicular, dehiscence by ventral suture, sometimes indehiscent or dehiscence irregular

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Carpels 5 or solitary, rarely 3, free; ovules normally 2, basal or attached to ventral suture, collateral, anatropous or orthotropous, erect. All carpels apparently fertile but usually only 1–3 mature

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Petals 5, free or lightly connate near base

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stamens 10, 5 episepalous longer than 5 epipetalous, the latter sometimes reduced and staminodal; filaments free or connate into a short tube at base; anthers dorsifixed, usually with longitudinal introrse dehiscence

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Sepals 5, imbricate or valvate, usually free

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Erect or scandent shrubs, small trees or lianes

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, unifoliolate or imparipinnate; stipules and stipellae absent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence terminal or axillary, paniculate or racemose, often fascicled in axils of older leaves or on older branchlets

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Flowers hermaphrodite, rarely dioecious,1 actinomorphic, usually pentacyclic, androecium and gynoecium often dimorphic or heteromorphic

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Connaraceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).