Clusiaceae Lindl.
  • Intr. Nat. Syst. Bot. (ed. 2) 74. 1836. (13 Jun 1836)
  • Mangosteen Family


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Clusiaceae Lindl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000141. Accessed on: 12 Nov 2019'

General Information

Trees, shrubs, or sometimes herbs containing resin or oil in schizogenous spaces or canals and sometimes black or red glands containing hypericin or pseudohypericin. Leaves simple, entire or rarely gland-fringed, opposite or sometimes whorled, nearly always estipulate. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, regular, hypogynous, solitary or in cymes or thyrses; bracteoles often inserted just beneath calyx and then not always easily distinguishable from sepals. Sepals (2-)4 or 5(or 6), imbricate or decussate or rarely wholly united in bud, inner ones sometimes petaloid. Petals [3 or]4 or 5[or 6], free, imbricate or contorted in bud. Stamens many to rarely few (9), in [3 or]4 or 5 bundles (fascicles) that are free and antipetalous or variously connate, with filaments variously united or apparently free and then sometimes sterile (staminodes); anther dehiscence longitudinal. Staminode bundles (fasciclodes) 3-5, free and antisepalous or variously connate or absent. Ovary superior, with 2-5(-12) connate carpels, 1-12-loculed, with axile to parietal or basal placentation; ovules 1 to many on each placenta, erect to pendulous; styles 1-5[-12], free or ± united or absent; stigmas 1-12, punctiform to peltate or, when sessile, radiate, surface papillate or smooth. Fruit a septicidal or septifragal, rarely loculicidal, capsule, berry, or drupe; seeds 1 to many, without or almost without endosperm [sometimes arillate].

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Shrubs or trees [lianas], evergreen, . Leaves decussate [whorled], estipulate; petiole usually present; blade margins entire; . Inflorescences terminal, dichasial, thyrsoid, or corymbiform or flowers solitary. Pedicels absent or relatively stout. Flowers unisexual [bisexual], actinomorphic, hypogynous; sepals persistent, [2–]4[–14], imbricate or decussate; petals persistent [deciduous], [3–]6(–8)[–14], ; [stamens distinct or fasciculate; ; anthers usually dehiscing longitudinally, sometimes locellate, ]; pistils 1; ovary superior, 3–12-locular; placentation axile; ovules 1–6+ per locule, anatropous, bitegmic, tenuinucellate; styles absent [relatively short]; stigmas [3–]6–9(–12). Fruits capsular [berrylike, drupelike], dehiscence septifragal. Seeds arillate, embryo usually green, straight, , endosperm absent.

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    Morphology

    Flowers actinomorphic, unisexual, polygamous or dioecious, rarely hermaphrodite

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    Leaves opposite, simple; stipules absent

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    Trees or shrubs, with resinous juice

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    Stamens mostly numerous, hypogynous, free or variously united in the lower part or into bundles opposite the petals; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise

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    Petals the same number, hypogynous, contorted or imbricate, very rarely subvalvate

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    Sepals 2–6; rarely more, imbricate

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    Ovary sessile, superior, 1- to many-celled; ovules 1 to many, on the inner angle of the cells or erect from their base, rarely parietal (Allanblackia); stigmas various, sometimes radiating

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    Rudimentary ovary sometimes present in the male flower; staminodes often present in the female flower

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    Seeds often with an aril, without endosperm; embryo large; cotyledons often minute

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    Fruit dehiscent or not, sometimes large and globose

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    Fruit a septicidal (rarely loculicidal) capsule or a berry or drupe

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    Ovary superior, 1–5-locular (rarely to 12-locular), placentation usually axile, sometimes ± parietal, loculi 1–?-ovulate; styles free, ± united or absent; stigmas equal in number to the loculi

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    Seeds sometimes winged, carinate or arillate, without endosperm

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    Androecium basically of two whorls of stamen fascicles, the outer (antisepalous) one often sterile (fasciclodes) or absent, filaments variously united or free (when the androecium may appear polyandrous); antipetalous fascicles variously united or free, very rarely each one reduced to a single stamen

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    Flowers actinomorphic, bisexual, dioecious or polygamous

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    Leaves opposite or rarely subopposite to alternate or whorled, simple, usually entire, exstipulate, containing various glandular secretions

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    Trees, shrubs, woody climbers or perennial or annual herbs; juice resinous

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    Sepals (2) 4–5 (6 or more), quincuncial or decussate

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    • 2
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    Petals 4–5 (6 or more), free, usually convolute (sometimes imbricate or decussate, rarely absent), alternating with the sepals

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    Stamens usually numerous, free or very often in fascicles or fused into groups, anthers usually with 2 thecae dehiscing by longitudinal slits; the outer fascicles are often sterile “fasciclodes”, frequently forming what is often called the disc, or are absent

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    Ovary superior, 1–several-locular, with parietal, axile, apical or basal placentation; ovules anatropous, l–? per locule; styles free or fused, sometimes very short or absent; stigmas or stigma-lobes mostly equal in number to the locules

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    Fruit a berry, drupe or septicidal (rarely loculicidal) capsule

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    Seeds arillate or not, without albumen, sometimes winged; embryo with cotyledons often very reduced

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    Flowers regular, often fleshy, hermaphrodite, dioecious or polygamous

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    Inflorescences terminal or axillary, 2-fid cymes, false racemes, panicles, fascicles or umbels or sometimes the flowers solitary

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    Petals free, 4–5(–6 or more), imbricate or contorted, sometimes decussate

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    Sepals (2–)4–5(–6 or more), imbricate, often decussate

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    Leaves usually opposite, sometimes verticillate or alternate, simple, entire or very obscurely crenate, exstipulate, usually with glands and resin channels which are often translucent

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    Trees, shrubs, subshrubs or herbs, rarely climbers, mostly containing a yellow, orange or clear resinous latex, usually glabrous but occasionally with an indumentum of simple or stellate hairs

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    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCE Stevens, P. F. 2007. Clusiaceae—Guttiferae. In: K. Kubitzki et al., eds. 1990+. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. 10+ vols. Berlin etc. Vol. 9, pp. 48–66.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Mangosteen Family

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Clusiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).