Bixaceae Kunth
  • Malvac., Buttner., Tiliac. 17. 1822. (20 Apr 1822)


This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Shrubs or small trees. Young branches and leaves with peltate scales. Leaves alternate; stipules small, sheathing bud, fugacious; petiole swollen at base and apex; leaf blade simple, palmately veined. Inflorescence a terminal panicle. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic. Sepals 5, free, imbricate, with basal, abaxial glands, fugacious. Petals 5, imbricate, large and conspicuous. Stamens many, free or slightly united at base; anthers oblong, with 2 inverted, U-shaped thecae, dehiscing by short, apical slits on bend. Ovary superior, 1-loculed; ovules many on 2 parietal placentas; style slender; stigmas 2-lobed. Fruit a capsule, loculicidally 2-valved, usually spiny. Seeds many; testa red, slightly fleshy; embryo large; cotyledons broad, incurved at apex; endosperm copious.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Shrubs or small trees with coloured juice

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Ovary superior, 1-celled, with 2 parietal placentas; ovules numerous; style slender, recurved in bud; stigma 2-lobed

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stamens numerous, hypogynous; filaments free; anthers horse-shoe-shaped, opening by short slits at the top

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Seeds obovoid; testa rather fleshy, red; endosperm copious; embryo large; cotyledons broad, incurved at the apex

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Fruit a densely echinate-setose or smooth capsule, 2-valved; valves thick, with the placentas in the middle

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Sepals 5, imbricate, deciduous, with a large fleshy gland at the base outside

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Flowers hermaphrodite, medium-sized, showy, paniculate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Disk none

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Petals 5, large, imbricate, without a scale at the base

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, simple, palminerved, stipulate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Trees or shrubs

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Flowers hermaphrodite, regular, in terminal corymbs or panicles

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Leaves spiral; blades simple, entire, pendulous to perpendicularly hinged from the long erect petioles; petioles with a swelling (pulvinus) at the apex and base; stipules paired, very quickly caducous, leaving a horseshoe-shaped, scale-like scar with a sessile gland on either side of the petiole-base

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Sepals (4–)5, free, imbricate in bud, caducous on expansion of the flower

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Receptacle with sessile glands around the rim

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Petals (4–)5(–7), free, imbricate in bud

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Seeds numerous; testa fleshy; endosperm copious; embryo large

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Fruit an echinate, setose or smooth capsule, loculicidally bivalved (rarely 3-valved)

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Ovary superior, 1-locular; ovules numerous on 2(–3) parietal placentas; style simple, elongated; stigma shortly 2-lobed

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Stamens numerous, inserted on the annular disc; filaments free; anthers with 2 horseshoe-shaped thecae, dehiscing by short slits on the apical bend

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Sepals 4–5, free, imbricate in bud, falling off when the flower expands

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Petals 4–7, free, imbricate in bud

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Stamens ?, inserted on an annular disk; anthers opening by pore-like slits

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Ovary superior, usually bristly, 1-locular, multiovulate with 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma 2-lobed

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, petiolate, simple, palmatinerved, stipulate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Flowers in terminal corymbs or panicles, bisexual, actinomorphic; pedicels with 5–6 apical glands

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Seeds numerous; testa fleshy, densely studded with red glands; endosperm copious; embryo large

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Fruit a densely echinate-setose or smooth capsule, 2-valved; valves thick with the placentas in the middle

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or small trees with coloured juice

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Bixaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).