Biebersteiniaceae Schnizl.
  • Anal. Nat. Ordn. Gew. 14. 1856.


This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Perennial herbs with woody, occasionally tuberous rhizomes. Stems erect or plants nearly stemless, suffruticose. Indumentum of simple or stipitate glandular capitate trichomes. Leaves cauline or all nearly basal, alternate, stipulate; leaf blade 1-3-pinnatisect. Flowers bisexual, 5-merous, actinomorphic, 2-bracteolate in paniculate, spicate, or pseudocapitate inflorescences. Sepals free, persistent, occasionally accrescent in fruit. Petals free, alternating with 5 extrastaminal nectary glands, yellow to reddish yellow, rarely white, often denticulate at apex. Stamens 10; filaments connate at base; anthers tetrasporangiate, introrse. Gynoecium of 5 carpels; ovary superior, deeply lobed with 5 free gynobasic stylodia connected above into a capitate stigma; ovules pendulous, anacampylotropous, unitegmic, crassinucellate. Fruit a schizocarp, consisting of 5 indehiscent 1-seeded dry mericarps. Seeds large with rounded raphe; embryo slightly curved, with scanty endosperm.

One genus and four species: montane, semiarid, or occasionally forested regions from Greece to central China; two species (one endemic) in China.

Biebersteinia had traditionally been placed in the Geraniaceae, but there is now ample, mainly molecular, evidence that it comprises a separate family in the Sapindales. Muellner et al. (Pl. Syst. Evol. 266: 233-252. 2007) also traced the ancestral origin of this family to China.

Xu Langran & Huang Chengchiu. 1998. Biebersteinia. In: Xu Langran & Huang Chengchiu, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 43(1): 86-89.

Included Genus

  Bibliography

  • 1 Anal. Nat. Ordn. Gew. 14. 1856.

 Information From

Flora Of China @ efloras.org
http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  • A All Rights Reserved
Biebersteiniaceae
World Flora Online Data. 2017.
  • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0). https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
World Flora Online consortium
http://about.worldfloraonline.org/
World Flora Online Data. 2017.
  • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0). https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0