Berberidaceae Juss.
  • Gen. Pl. 286. 1789. (4 Aug 1789)
  • Barberry Family


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Berberidaceae Juss. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000069. Accessed on: 11 Aug 2020'

General Information

Herbs or shrubs [trees] , perennial, evergreen or deciduous, sometimes rhizomatous. Stems with or without spines. Leaves alternate, opposite, or fascicled, simple, 2-3-foliolate, or 1-3-pinnately or 2-3(-4)-ternately compound; stipules present or absent; venation pinnate or palmate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemes, cymes, umbels (or umbel-like), spikes, or panicles, or flowers solitary or in pairs, flowers pedicellate or sessile. Flowers bisexual, inconspicuous or showy, radially symmetric; stipitate glands absent (except in Vancouveria ); sepaloid bracteoles 0-9; perianth sometimes absent ( Achlys ), more frequently present, 2- or 3-merous, or sepals and petals intergrading ( Nandis ); sepals 6, distinct, often petaloid and colored, not spurred; petals 6-9, distinct, plane or hooded; nectary present; stamens 6; anthers dehiscing by valves or longitudinal slits; ovary superior, apparently 1-carpellate; placentation marginal or appearing basal; style present or absent, sometimes persistent in fruit as beak. Fruits follicles, berries, or utricles. Seeds 1-50, sometimes arillate; endosperm abundant; embryo large or small; mature seeds elevated on elongating stalk in Caulophyllum.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Herbs, perennial, or shrubs, rarely small trees, evergreen or deciduous, sometimes rhizomatous or tuberous. Stems with or without spines. Leaves alternate, opposite, or basal, simple, or 1-3 × pinnately or 2-3 × ternately compound; stipules present or absent; venation pinnate or palmate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemes, spikes, umbels, cymes, or panicles, or flowers fascicled or solitary. Flowers pedicellate or sessile, bisexual, radially symmetric; bracteoles or bracts present or absent. Perianth usually 2- or 3-merous, rarely absent. Sepals 6-9, often petaloid, distinct, in 2 or 3 whorls. Petals 6, distinct, flat, hooded, pouched, or spurred; nectary present or absent. Stamens 6, opposite petals; anthers 2-celled, dehiscing by valves or longitudinal silts. Ovary superior, apparently 1-carpellate; ovules numerous, rarely solitary; placentation marginal or appearing basal; style present or absent, sometimes persistent in fruit as a beak. Fruit a berry, capsule, follicle, or utricle. Seeds 1 to numerous, sometimes arillate; endosperm abundant.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Sepals and petals similar or dissimilar, in 2 to several series, free, hypogynous, imbricate or the outer valvate, caducous, rarely absent

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    Stamens 4–9, opposite the petals, hypogynous, free; anthers 2-thecous, opening lengthwise or by valves

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    Ovary 1 -locular; ovules few, ascending, or more rarely numerous; style short or absent

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Fruit a berry, achene or capsule

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Shrubs or herbs

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves alternate or radical, simple or compound

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stipules usually absent

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    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Flowers bisexual, in panicles, racemes, fascicles or solitary

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Seeds with copious endosperm and small or long embryo; cotyledons short

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    • 1
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    Sepals and petals usually similar, in 2-several series, hypogynous, free, imbricate or the outer valvate, rarely absent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens 4–9, opposite the petals, hypogynous, free; anthers 2-thecous, opening by longitudinal slits or valves

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ovary 1-locular; ovules basal or ventral, anatropous, few or sometimes numerous

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Style short or absent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Shrubs or herbs, the latter often with tubers or rhizomes

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves alternate or radical, simple or compound; stipules absent

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    Flowers variously arranged in panicles, racemes, clusters or solitary, regular, hermaphrodite

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruit a berry, achene or capsule

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 2
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    Seeds with copious endosperm; embryo small or long

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    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Ernst, W. R. 1964. The genera of Berberidaceae, Lardizabalaceae, and Menispermaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 45: 1-35. Loconte, H. 1993. Berberidaceae. In: K. Kubitzki et al., eds. 1990+. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. 2+ vols. Berlin etc. Vol. 2, pp. 147-152. Loconte, H. and J. R. Estes. 1989b. Phylogenetic systematics of Berberidaceae and Ranunculales (Magnoliidae). Syst. Bot. 14: 565-579. Meacham, C. A. 1980. Phylogeny of the Berberidaceae with an evaluation of classifications. Syst. Bot. 5: 149-172. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (in English).... Washington. Nowicke, J. W. and J. J. Skvarla. 1981. Pollen morphology and phylogenetic relationships of the Berberidaceae. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 50: 1-83. Terebayashi, S. 1985. The comparative floral anatomy and systematics of the Berberidaceae. I. Morphology. Mem. Fac. Sci. Kyoto Univ., Ser. Biol. 10: 73-90. Terebayashi, S. 1985b. The comparative floral anatomy and systematics of the Berberidaceae. II. Systematic considerations. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36: 1-13.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Barberry Family

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Berberidaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).