Zephyranthes Herb.
  • Appendix 36. 1821.
  • Rain-lily, fairy-lily, zephyr-lily [Greek Zephyros, west wind, and anthos, flower]

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Zephyranthes Herb. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000041195. Accessed on: 24 Oct 2020'

General Information

Herbs, perennial, scapose, from bulbs. Bulbs black or brown, tunicate, ovoid or globose, sometimes with long neck. Leaves sessile, erect or recumbent, with overlapping sheathing bases; blade linear, rarely exceeding 1 cm wide, smooth. Scape hollow. Inflorescence 1-flowered (rarely 2-flowered in Z. drummondii), spathaceous, otherwise ebracteate; spathe proximally tubular. Flowers erect to declinate, actinomorphic; perianth subrotate to funnelform to salverform, connate basally into tube, 2–16 cm; tepals subequal; stamens 6, of 2 different lengths, appearing equal or subequal (anthers in 2 overlapping sets of 3) to unequal (anthers of the sets not overlapping in Z. longifolia); filaments inserted just above perianth tube, erect, diverging except when shorter than tube, long-filiform to short-subulate, those inserted on distal tepals usually 1+ mm longer than those inserted on proximal ones; anthers submedially dorsifixed, usually parallel with floral axis, linear-oblong; ovary inferior; style filiform; stigma capitate or 3-fid with lobes linear; pedicel sometimes absent, hollow. Fruits capsular, thin-walled, 3-locular, subglobose or ± oblate. Seeds numerous, black, flat, D- or wedge-shaped, lustrous. x = 6.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs perennial, bulbiferous. Bulbs covered with a tunic. Leaves several, fascicled, linear. Flowering stem slender, hollow. Involucre 1, basally tubular, apically 2-notched. Flower solitary, terminal, erect. Perianth funnelform; tube short or long; lobes 6, subequal. Stamens 6, 3 long alternating with 3 short, inserted at throat or in tube of perianth; filament erect to slightly declinate; anther dorsifixed. Ovary with many ovules. Stigma 3-lobed or 3-notched. Fruit a capsule, subglobose, 3-valved, loculicidal. Seeds black, slightly flattened.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org

      Hierbas bulbíferas, escaposas, glabras; bulbos solitarios o agrupados, tunicados. Hojas basales, planas, lineares. Escapo fistuloso; inflorescencia de una flor solitaria terminal con una espata membranácea subyacente, ésta tubular en la parte inferior, generalmente bilobada en la superior, flor sésil o pedicelada, actinomorfa; perianto infundibuliforme con hipanto tubular corto o alargado y limbo de 6 lobos iguales o subiguales; estambres 6, insertados en la garganta o en el tubo del perianto, algo dimorfos en longitud, ligeramente declinados, filamentos filiformes, anteras asimétricamente dorsifijas, introrsas, longitudinalmente dehiscentes; ovario ínfero, 3-locular, óvulos numerosos en cada lóculo, sobrepuestos, estilo solitario, terminal, estigma subcapitado o trífido. Fruto una cápsula loculicida, membranácea; semillas aplanadas, negras.

      Un género con 50–70 especies distribuidas desde el sureste de los Estados Unidos hasta Argentina y en las Antillas; 2 especies en Nicaragua.

    • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

      Delicate, glabrous, acaulescent herbs arising from underground bulbs; leaves linear, contemporary with the flower; scape 1-flowered, consisting of an elongate peduncle bearing terminally a 1-valved spathe from which arises the solitary pedicel; perianth funnel-shaped with a short tube and subequal lobes, stamens 6, glabrous; filaments filiform, inserted in the throat or at the base of the perianth tube; anthers linear, versatile, attached below the middle; style slender, from 2 as long to almost as long as the perianth; stigma trifid or trilobed; capsule ovate, 3-valved, many seeded.

    • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Bulbo generalmente pequeño. Hojas sésiles, estrechamente lineares. Escapo erecto, hueco, 1-floreado;brácteas connatas y tubulares abajo, separadas distalmente. Fl. (sub)erecta, solitaria, pedicelada (en CR); tubodel perianto muy corto a largo, con escamas fimbriadas a veces presentes en la garganta. Estambres separados,usualmente desiguales en 2 series. Fr. una cápsula subglobosa, como papel; semillas numerosas, negras, aplanadas,en forma de “D”.

    • Provided by: [D].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • 4
      • ]. 

      "Perianth tubular at base, with 6 broad, curved-ascending or spreading segments; filaments elongate, inserted on the throat of the perianth; corona none; ovary inferior, with numerous ovules in each of the 3 locules; seeds flat; perennial herbs from a coated bulb, with several flat, linear, basal lvs and a hollow scape bearing a single large erect fl on a short peduncle subtended by scarious bracts. 35, warm Amer."

    • Provided by: [G].New York Botanical Garden
      • Source: [
      • 7
      • ]. 



      Flagg, R. O. 1961. Investigations in the Tribe Zephyrantheae of the Amaryllidaceae. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Virginia. Flagg, R. O. and W. S. Flory. 1976. Origins of three Texas species of Zephyranthes. Pl. Life 32: 67–80. Flory, W. S. and R. O. Flagg. 1981. Pyrolirion and Zephyranthes: Distinct genera. Bol. Soc. Brot., ser. 2, 53: 1197–1210. Sealy, J. R. 1937. Zephyranthes, Pyrolirion, Habranthus and Hippeastrum. J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 62: 195–209. Spencer, L. B. 1973. A Monograph of the Genus Zephyranthes (Amaryllidaceae) in North and Central America. Ph.D. dissertation. Wake Forest University.

    • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
      • Source: [
      • 1
      • ]. 

      Included Species

      Other Local Names

      Rain-lily, fairy-lily, zephyr-lily [Greek Zephyros, west wind, and anthos, flower]

       Information From

      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Flora of North America @ efloras.org
      'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • B Flora of North America Association
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
      Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Panama
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • E Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Nicaragua
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • F Missouri Botanical Garden
      New York Botanical Garden
      Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
      • G Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
      World Flora Online consortium
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).