Xylotheca Hochst.
  • Flora 26: 69. 1843.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Xylotheca Hochst. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000041049. Accessed on: 29 Sep 2020'

Morphology

Flowers usually large and showy, white, sweet-scented, bisexual or andromonoecious, cymose or umbellate in the upper leaf-axils, or terminal on short branchlets

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    Sepals 3 (or 4), concave, free or almost so, imbricate, rather early caducous, glabrous or pubescent, often with sessile resinous glands

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    Petals 7–14, free, narrowed to the base, imbricate, spreading at anthesis

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    Stamens 20–30; filaments free, filiform; anthers linear, basifixed, dehiscing longitudinally from above

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    Shrubs or small trees, unarmed

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    Leaves deciduous, alternate, thin to leathery at full maturity, entire or undulate, petiolate, penninerved; stipules small, caducous

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    Ovary (rudimentary or absent in the ♂ flowers) sessile, 1-locular, the 6 or 7 placentas multi-ovulate; style terminal, columnar; stigmas as many as placentas, rather short and spreading

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    Seeds numerous, ellipsoid, arillate or embedded in a thin pulp.

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    Fruit a woody capsule splitting into (4–)6–8 longitudinal rather thick valves; style persistent as a hard apical point

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    Stamens numerous; filaments free; anthers linear, dehiscing longitudinally from above.

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    Ovary sessile (rudimentary in male flowers), 1-locular, multiovulate; ovules pendulous from c. 7 parietal placentas; style terminal; stigmas as many as the placentas, short, spreading.

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    Fruit a tough woody capsule splitting into c. 8 longitudinal rather thick valves; style persistent as a hard, woody apical point.

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    Seeds numerous, ellipsoid, sometimes with a resinous aril.

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    • 4
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    Leaves petiolate, entire or undulate; stipules small, very caducous.

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    • 4
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    Flowers solitary, male or bisexual, cymose or subumbellate in the upper leaf-axils or terminal on the branchlets, usually rather large and showy, sweet-scented.

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    Calyx of 3–4, very concave, free or almost free imbricate sepals, glabrous or variously pubescent, often with sessile resinous glands.

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    • 4
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    Petals white, 7–14, free, narrowed to the base, imbricate.

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    Small or moderately large shrubs; branches unarmed.

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     Information From

    Achariaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).