Xylopia L.
  • Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 2: 1241, 1250, 1378. 1759. (7 Jun 1759)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Xylopia L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000041030. Accessed on: 23 Sep 2020'

General Information

Trees [or shrubs]. Flowers axillary, solitary [or fasciculate]. Flower buds lanceolate [to subulate]. Pedicel usually short, bracteolate at apex [or base]. Sepals 3, valvate, thick, connate at base sometimes into a cup-shaped calyx. Petals 6, in 2 whorls, with each whorl valvate, connivent or scarcely open, elongated, thick, woody when dry, inside basally concave, middle narrowly convex; outer petals larger and longer than inner petals. Stamens many; anther locules oblong, extrorse, transversely septate; connectives 3-angular, apex truncate-dilated. Carpels few to many, free; ovules 2-6 per carpel, sutural; styles elongated; stigmas clavate [capitate, or oblong], extended. Fruit apocarpous; monocarps stipitate, oblong [to elongated], moniliform, often dehiscent. Seeds [1-]3-8[to many] per monocarp, ovoid; aril present but often inconspicuous.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    XYLOPIA L.

    Arbustos o árboles. Hojas cartáceas a subcoriáceas, el nervio principal plano o impreso en la haz; pecíolos canaliculados. Flores solitarias o inflorescencias de pocas flores, axilares o dispuestas en las ramas viejas; sépalos valvados, connados solamente en la base o fusionados en una cúpula; pétalos 6, valvados, subiguales, carnosos, lineares a ovados; estambres numerosos, anteras con conectivos ensanchados, discoides o alargados; carpelos pocos a numerosos, ovarios incluidos en el androceo, óvulos 2–10. Fruto un fascículo de monocarpos cortamente estipitados, cilíndricos a subglobosos o claviformes, dehiscentes por medio de una sutura opuesta a la sutura carpelar; semillas negras con arilo blanco.

    El único género pantropical de la familia, con unas 150 especies, 50 de las cuales son neotropicales; 3 especies en Nicaragua y 3 especies adicionales en Costa Rica y Panamá.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or trees. Flowers usually small, sessile or shortly pedicellate, in axillary inflorescences or sometimes produced from old branches or from the trunk. Sepals small, valvate in bud, nearly free or connate into a cupular calyx. Petals thick, valvate, linear-oblong or sometimes deltoid. Stamens numerous, the anther cells locellate; connective expanded above the anther. Ovaries hidden in a deep cavity in the center of the torus; ovules lateral. Monocarps free, cylindric or sometimes short, clavate, containing a row of rather few seeds.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
  • Morphology

    Seeds vertical to horizontal, collateral or 2-seriate; aril present but often inconspicuous.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Carpels few to many or rarely solitary, free, ovoid-oblong or flattened, with 1–many 1–2-seriate ovules; styles linear or narrowly clavate, aggregated

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Monocarps dehiscent or indehiscent, obovoid to cylindric, sessile or mostly stipitate, 1–8(–many)-seeded, ± fleshy

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Trees, shrubs or subshrubs, only rarely climbing, glabrous or with an indumentum of simple or rarely 2-branched hairs

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Sepals 3, valvate, ± united, very much smaller than the external petals

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary, fasciculate or in cymes, axillary, sessile or stalked; buds ovoid, subglobose or more usually narrowly conical and 3-angled; bracteoles 1–5, deciduous or persistent

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Stamens numerous, linear, the outer and inner ones often flattened and staminodial; filaments articulated, sometimes partly united at the base and enclosing the gynoecium; anther-cells extrorse,transversely septate; connective-prolongation capitate

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Petals 6 in 2 whorls of 3, both valvate, subequal or the outer ones larger, free, thick, flattened or angular, enlarged and ± concave at the base, the inner petals sometimes with a fleshy part covering the stamens and gynoecium

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Petals 6, free, in two subequal or unequal whorls, both valvate, thick, erect or spreading, flat or triquetrous and often linear above, broad and ± concave at the base, the inner ones sometimes with a fleshy pad covering the reproductive parts.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Stamens ?, linear, with thecae extrorse, septate and connective-prolongation, capitate, the outer and inner ones often flattened and staminodial; filaments articulated, the bases sometimes united, enclosing the gynoecium.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Carpels ? to few (rarely solitary), free, ovoid-cylindric or ± flattened, with several 1-seriate or biseriate ovules; styles cylindric or narrowly clavate, aggregated.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Ripe carpels dehiscent, ± succulent, cylindric or obovoid, 1–8-seeded.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Seeds vertical to horizontal, collateral or biseriate; aril present (sometimes inconspicuous).

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Trees, shrubs or shrublets, not climbing, with simple or rarely forked hairs.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Flowers bisexual, solitary or in cymes or fascicles, axillary, pedicellate or sessile, often (? always) fragrant.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Buds triquetrous or conic.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Sepals 3, valvate, much shorter than the petals, ± united.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Bracteoles (1) 2–5, caducous or persistent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Shrubs or trees

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
  • Distribution

    About 50 species in America, distributed from Central America and the West Indies to southern Brazil and Paraguay; also in the tropics of the Old World. Only 4 species are known at present from Panama.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
  • Included Species

    Synonyms

     Information From

    Annonaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).