Ternstroemia Mutis ex L. f.
  • Suppl. Pl. 39, 264. 1781[1782]. (Apr 1782)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Ternstroemia Mutis ex L. f. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000037813. Accessed on: 06 Jun 2020'

General Information

Shrubs or trees, evergreen, androdioecious. Leaves alternate but often clustered at apex of branchlets and pseudoverticillate, margin entire or rarely serrate, petiolate. Flowers axillary, solitary or frequently several clustered on leafless branchlets, pedicellate. Bracteoles 2, alternate to subopposite, close to sepals, persistent or caducous. Sepals 5, imbricate, persistent or rarely caducous, margin glandular dentate, basally ± connate. Petals 5, imbricate, basally slightly connate. Stamens 30-50, in 1 or 2 whorls; filaments short and adnate to base of petals; anthers basifixed, oblong, glabrous, connective exserted. Ovary superior, 2-4(or 5)-loculed with 2(-5) ovules per locule, placentation axile; style 1, apically 2(-4)-lobed. Fruit baccate, indehiscent or irregularly dehiscent with seeds dangling and probably dispersed by birds. Seeds reniform, slightly compressed, with a fleshy red outer layer; endosperm abundant.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    TERNSTROEMIA Mutis ex L. f.; Mokof Adans.; Taonabo Aubl.

    Arbustos o árboles, ramas a menudo subopuestas o verticiladas; plantas hermafroditas (dioicas?). Hojas arregladas en espiral, generalmente amontonadas en los extremos de las ramas, enteras o subenteras, frecuentemente coriáceas, nervios secundarios inconspicuos (en Nicaragua). Flores axilares y generalmente solitarias, bractéolas 2; sépalos 5, persistentes; pétalos 5, libres o variadamente connados, opuestos a los sépalos; estambres numerosos, generalmente 2-seriados, filamentos generalmente connados la mayor parte de su longitud, los exteriores adnados a la base de los pétalos, anteras generalmente más largas que los filamentos, basifijas, glabras; ovario súpero, estilo 1, estigma puntiforme y entero (en Nicaragua). Fruto indehiscente (irregularmente dehiscente o circuncísil), suavemente coriáceo, generalmente coronado por el estilo persistente; semillas pocas y ariladas, sin ala.

    Género con ca 85 especies, principalmente de los trópicos de América, también en los trópicos y subtrópicos de Asia, Australia, Nueva Guinea y Africa. El concepto de las especies es tentativo y el género necesita revisión; 3 especies se encuentran en Nicaragua.

    C. Kobuski. Studies in the Theaceae, XIII. Notes on the Mexican and Central American species of Ternstroemia. J. Arnold Arbor. 23: 464–478. 1942; B. Bartholomew. Identification and typification of Ternstroemia lineata de Candolle (Theaceae). Novon 7: 14–16. 1997.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Trees or shrubs, the branches ? opposite or verticillate, glabrous. Leaves al- ternate, opposite or subverticillate, usually coriaceous, the margins entire or nearly so. Flowers axillary, usually solitary, I, the bracteoles usually 2, opposite or sub- opposite, mostly inserted immediately beneath the calyx, sepaloid; sepals 5, im- bricate, persistent; petals 5, imbricate, episepalous, distinct or ? connate basally, deciduous; stamens oc, usually 2-seriate, the filaments united at the base and adnate to the corolla, the anthers basifixed, glabrous, usually longer than the fila- ments, the connective usually projected into an apiculate or caudate appendage; ovary superior, usually 2-3-celled, the ovules 2-20 in each cell, pendulous; styles united into one, the stigma entire. Fruits baccate, soft-coriaceous, often crowned by the persistent style, few-seeded, the testa smooth or papillate; endosperm scanty, fleshy; embryo curved.

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    Morphology

    Style very short with stigmas small, conspicuous or sometimes foliaceous

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    Ovary (reduced in male flowers of dioecious species) (l–)2–3-locular or falsely 4–6-locular ; ovules (l–)2–20 in each loculus

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    Stamens numerous, 1-many-seriate ; connective of anthers often prolonged beyond the thecae

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Petals mostly 5, 7–10 in the African species, opposite the sepals or irregularly disposed

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Sepals 5–7

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves spirally arranged, simple, subcoriaceous, margins entire

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers axillary, hermaphrodite or, more rarely, dioecious (as in the African species)

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    Fruit indehiscent

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Seeds ellipsoid, with a thick testa; endosperm usually very reduced, sometimes lacking.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Evergreen trees

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Habit

    Trees shrubs

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
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    Distribution

    A genus of about 85 species, mostly in tropical America and Asia; one species in tropical Africa (Angola); only one species reported from Panama.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
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    Included Species

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Pentaphylacaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).