Tabernaemontana L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 210. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Tabernaemontana L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000037395. Accessed on: 04 Dec 2020'

General Information

Shrubs or small trees, latex white. Stems repeatedly dichotomously branched. Leaves opposite; adaxial surface of petiole often with a basal semicircular or semiamplexicaul ocrea. Cymes corymbose or umbellate, at branch forks, many or rarely 1-flowered. Calyx divided halfway down or deeper, with few to many basal glands inside. Corolla salverform, widened at or near middle, lobes sharply overlapping to left [or right]. Stamens inserted in widened part of corolla tube; filaments short or almost none; anthers oblong or narrowly triangular, free from pistil head, base sagittate or deeply cordate and not spurred; disc absent. Ovaries 2, free; ovules numerous. Style filiform; pistil head with a subglobose or lampshade-shaped basal part and stigmoid, 2-cleft apical part. Follicles 2, divaricate. Seeds with a red or orange fleshy aril; coma absent.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    36. Tabernaemontana L.

    Por J.F. Morales.

    Árboles o arbustos; tallos con secreción lechosa, glabros o pubescentes; coléteres interpeciolares inconspicuos. Hojas opuestas, eglandulares. Inflorescencias en cimas o panículas, axilares o terminales, con pocas a muchas flores; brácteas pequeñas, usualmente diminutas. Flores con un cáliz de 5 sépalos, iguales a subiguales, diminutos o foliáceos, con varios coléteres en la base de la cara adaxial; corola hipocraterimorfa, sin estructuras coronales accesorias, el tubo usualmente recto, rara vez con una torsión en la posición de los estambres, el limbo actinomorfo, la estivación dextrorsa; estambres incluidos o apicalmente exertos, las anteras no conniventes, no aglutinadas a la cabeza estigmática; gineceo 2-carpelar, los óvulos numerosos; cabeza estigmática fusiforme; nectarios usualmente ausentes o casi inconspicuas cuando presentes. Frutos en folículos apocárpicos, la superficie lisa, tuberculada o echinada; semillas numerosas, desnudas, rodeadas por un arilo carnoso. Aprox. 100 spp. Pantropical; 44-45 spp. los neotrópicos.

    Bibliografía: Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. Revis. Tabernaemontana 2: 213-450 (1994).

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    TABERNAEMONTANA L.

    Arbustos o árboles con látex blanco y ramas bifurcadas. Hojas opuestas, eglandulares. Inflorescencia cimoso-paniculada, con flores blancas; sépalos pequeños más o menos iguales; corola hipocrateriforme; anteras no aglutinadas a la cabeza del estilo; ovario apocárpico. Fruto de 2 folículos cortos, carnosos, dehiscentes y exhibiendo las numerosas semillas con conspicuo arilo anaranjado.

    Un género pantropical con más ca 100 especies; 5 especies se encuentran en Nicaragua.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Shrubs, or small trees, lacticiferous. Leaves opposite, non-glandular, pin- nately-nerved; petioles weakly perfoliate, ? glandular in the axils. Inflorescences cymose, compound, many-flowered, mostly axillary. Flowers small to medium- sized; calyx 5-lobed, the lobes equal, relatively small, bearing many squamellae; -corolla salverform, without appendages, the tube straight, the limb 5-lobed, sin- istrorsely convolute; stamens 5, included or ? exserted, attached midway or higher on the corolla tube, the anthers free and not agglutinated to the stigma, without an enlarged connective; gynoecium 2-carpellate, apocarpous, the ovary superior, the ovules numerous, the nectary shallow or absent, the style 1, the stigma umbraculiform below and capitate or pentagonal above. Fruit apocarpous, of 2 follicles, ? large and heavy; seeds many, naked, embedded in a fleshy aril.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Shrubs, or small trees

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A large genus of about 140 species in the American and African tropics.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    Apocynaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).