Stachytarpheta Vahl
  • Enum. Pl. 1: 205–210. 1804.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Stachytarpheta Vahl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000036246. Accessed on: 05 Apr 2020'

General Information

Herbs or shrubs. Branches usually forked, hairy. Leaves opposite, petiolate, simple; leaf blade dentate or crenate, often rugose. Spikes terminal, usually long, lax; rachis often angular, excavated. Flowers ± immersed in excavated rachis when young. Calyx membranous, 4- or 5-dentate, becoming variously slit. Corolla slender, cylindric; tube often curved, ± villous in throat; lobes 5, spreading. Stamens 2, fertile, inserted on distal part of corolla tube; anthers divaricate. Ovary supported by a short ringlike disc, 2-locular; ovules 2 per locule. Stigma capitate. Capsules splitting into 2 1-seeded cocci.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    11. Stachytarpheta Vahl

    Valerianoides Medik.

    Por R. Rueda.

    Hierbasanuales o perennes o arbustos, glabros o pubescentes. Hojas casi siempreopuestas o verticilos rara vez alternas, simples, largamente decurrentes en elpecíolo, dentadas. Inflorescencias en espigas terminales,las flores sésiles y/o parcialmente hundidas en el raquis, cada una enla axila de una pequeña bráctea; cáliz tubular, 5-acostillado, el ápice2-lobado, a veces diminuta e inconspicuamente 5-dentado o con 4 dientes y 1diente adicional muy diminuto e inconspicuo, dientes pequeños y desiguales;corola hipocraterimorfa, casi regular, el tubo recto o curvo, 5-lobada, loslobos subiguales, blanca, azul, morada o roja; estambres 2, incluidos;estaminodios 2; anteras elipsoidales, dorsifijas, divaricadas, una encima de laotra; ovario 2-locular, cada lóculo 1-ovulado, el estilo alargado, incluido, elestigma terminal, subcapitado. Frutos en esquizocarpos secos, oblongo-lineares,incluidos en el cáliz fructífero, separándose al madurar en 2 mericarpos duros,cada mericarpo con 1 semilla. Aprox. 65 spp. América tropical y subtropical,algunas spp. naturalizadas en la región tropical de Asia, África y Oceanía.

    Bibliografía:Munir, A.A. J. Adelaide Bot.Gard. 14: 133-168 (1992).

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Mesoamericana
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    STACHYTARPHETA Vahl

    Por Amy Pool

    Hierbas anuales o perennes o arbustos bajos. Hojas casi siempre opuestas (o alternas), simples, largamente decurrentes en el pecíolo, dentadas. Inflorescencia en espigas terminales, flores sésiles y/o parcialmente inmersas en el raquis, cada una en la axila de una bráctea pequeña; cáliz tubular, ápice 2-lobado (o diminuta e inconspicuamente 5-dentado) o con 4 dientes (o con 1 diente adicional muy diminuto e inconspicuo), dientes pequeños y desiguales; corola hipocrateriforme, casi regular, 5-lobada, lobos subiguales, blanca, azul, morada o roja; estambres 2 (y 2 estaminodios), incluidos; estilo alargado, incluido, estigma terminal, subcapitado. Fruto esquizocarpo seco, oblongo-linear, incluido en el cáliz fructífero, separándose al madurar en 2 mericarpos duros, cada mericarpo con una semilla.

    Un género con ca 140 especies distribuidas en América tropical y subtropical y unas pocas (mayormente naturalizadas) en Asia, Africa y Oceanía tropical; 5 especies conocidas de Nicaragua. Stachytarpheta mutabilis (Jacq.) Vahl es algunas veces cultivada en la parte noroeste del país; es un arbusto pubescente el cual difiere de las especies nativas por tener las hojas densamente canescente-tomentosas o velloso-velutinas en el envés y las flores grandes y rojas (Rueda 3716). Updated Nov. 2013, AP

    A.A. Munir. A taxonomic revision of the genus Stachytarpheta Vahl (Verbenaceae) in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 14: 133–168. 1992; B. E. Hammel and M. H. Grayum. Lectotypification and reinstatement of Stachytarpheta friedrichsthalii (Verbenaceae), with notes on the lectotypification of S. indica. Novon 21: 437--439. 2011.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Annual or perennial herbs or low shrubs, glabrous throughout or villous with simple trichomes. Leaves opposite or alternate, dentate, often rugose. Inflores- cences terminal, spicate, the spikes elongate or abbreviated, densely or loosely many-flowered, occasionally few-flowered, the flowers sessile or semi-immersed in furrows in the rachis of the spike, each solitary in the axil of a bract; bracts small and narrow, appressed or spreading, or large and ovate or lanceolate, often rigid and imbricate, persistent. Flowers with the calyx long, narrowly tubular, mem- branous or herbaceous, 5-costate, 5-lobed, or 5-dentate apically, the teeth equal or unequal, unchanged in fruit or sometimes variously split in age; corolla white, blue, purple, or red, gamopetalous, usually hypocrateriform, the tube cylindric, straight or incurved, slender throughout or ampliate apically, the limb spreading, 5-parted, the lobes broad, often orbicular, obtuse or retuse apically, equal or more or less unequal; perfect stamens 2, anterior, inserted above the middle of the corolla-tube, included, the filaments short, the anthers unappendaged, the thecae divergent and dehiscing in one continuous line, staminodes 2, posterior, small or minute; ovary 2-loculed, each locule 1-ovuled, the ovule attached laterally near the base of the locule, the style elongate, filiform, the stigma terminal, orbicular, capitate or subcapitate. Fruits oblong-linear, dry, included by the fruiting-calyx, splitting at maturity into 2 long, hard, narrow, truncate, 1-seeded cocci; seeds erect, linear, without endosperm.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
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    Morphology

    Seeds linear, exalbuminous.

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    Fruit included in the calyx, splitting into 21-seeded linear-oblong mericarps

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    Ovary 2-locular with 1 erect anatropous ovule in each locule; style filiform with capitate or subcapitate stigma

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    Calyx persistent, closely adpressed, not enlarging in fruit; tube narrow, 4–5-lobed or-toothed or with 2 2-fid lobes

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    Corolla coloured, hypocrateriform; tube cylindrical; limb equally or usually subequally 5-lobed, ± irregular

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    Leaves opposite or alternate, entire or toothed

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    Flowers sessile, crowded in elongate terminal spikes, the rhachis hollowed beneath each flower; bracts present

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens 2, anterior plus 2 staminodes inserted in the upper part of the tube; fertile stamens with divergent anther-thecae, ± included

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    Annual or perennial herbs or shrubs, glabrous to densely hairy

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Annual or perennial herbs or shrubs, glabrous to densely hairy.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Calyx persistent, closely appressed, not enlarging in fruit; tube narrow, dorsally compressed, 5-ribbed, often plicate, membranous or herbaceous, very shortly 4–5-dentate with subequal teeth, or bifid with 2-dentate lobes or entire.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Flowers sessile, crowded, each partially sunk in a hollow in the rhachis and subtended by an acuminate bract.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Inflorescence an elongate terminal spike; bracts present.

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    Leaves opposite or alternate, simple, serrate, dentate or crenate, usually petiolate.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Fertile stamens 2, anterior, inserted at the upper half of corolla tube, included; staminodes 2 or 0; filaments short; anthers with linear-oblong divaricate thecae.

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    Corolla blue, purple, red or white, funnel-shaped or hypocrateriform; tube cylindrical, narrow, straight or curved, pubescent inside at the throat; limb ± spreading, oblique, 5-lobed, the lobes broad, subequal or unequal.

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    Ovary 2-locular, dorsally compressed, on a short gynophore; loculi lateral, each with 1 erect anatropous; style filiform with a capitate or subcapitate stigma.

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    Fruit a schizocarp; schizocarp oblong, included within the persistent calyx, splitting at maturity into 2 mericarps; mericarps hard, shortly beaked, striate on the back and usually pitted near the apex.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Seeds without endosperm.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Habit

    herbs shrubs

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
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    Distribution

    A genus of about 140 species and infraspecific entities, widely distributed in subtropical and tropical America, with a few (mostly naturalized) in tropical Asia, Africa, and Oceania.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
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    Included Species

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Verbenaceae
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).