Spinacia L.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 1027. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Spinach [Latin spina, spine, in reference to spiny fruit, or Persian ispanakh, spinach]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Spinacia L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000036093. Accessed on: 27 Feb 2020'

General Information

Herbs annual, erect, glabrous. Leaves alternate, petiolate; leaf blade flattened, triangular-ovate or hastate, margin entire or lobed-serrate. Flowers unisexual (plants dioecious), forming glomerules, male ones usually arranged in terminal, interrupted panicles, female ones axillary. Male flowers: perianth 4- or 5-parted; segments oblong, apex obtuse; stamens 4 or 5, inserted at base of perianth; filaments capillary; anthers exserted. Female flowers borne within 2 united, leathery, and hardening bractlets; perianth absent; ovary subglabrous; ovule subsessile; stigmas 4 or 5, filiform. Utricle compressed globose; pericarp membranous, adnate to seed. Seed vertical; embryo annular; perisperm copious, farinaceous.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs, annual or biennial, monoecious, glabrous. Stems erect, not branched, not jointed, not armed, not fleshy. Leaves basal or alternate, petiolate; blade triangular-hastate to ovate, sometimes with elongated lobes, margins entire or dentate, apex acute. Inflorescences: pistillate flowers sessile in leaf axils; staminate flowers in dense terminal spikes. Flowers unisexual, rarely bisexual; staminate flowers with perianth segments 4-5, stamens 4-5; pistillate flowers enclosed by 2 accrescent or connate bracts, perianth absent, stigmas 4-5. Fruiting structures enlarged and hardened bracteoles enclosing achenes; pericarp adherent. Seeds vertical, seed coat dark, spiny or smooth; hardened bracteoles serving as seed coat; embryo annular; perisperm copious. x = 6.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Spinach [Latin spina, spine, in reference to spiny fruit, or Persian ispanakh, spinach]

     Information From

    Amaranthaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).