Sesuvium L.
  • Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 2: 1052, 1058, 1371. 1759. (7 Jun 1759)
  • Sea-purslane [Latin Sesuvium, apparently the country of the Sesuvii, a Gallic tribe mentioned by Caesar; reason for application to this genus unknown]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Sesuvium L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000035197. Accessed on: 28 Nov 2020'

General Information

Herbs or shrubs, most parts with white bladder cells. Stems ascending, rarely creeping. Leaves opposite; petiole broadening basally forming a papery sheath clasping stem; leaf blade cylindric to obovate, fleshy. Inflorescences cymose or flowers solitary. Flowers bisexual, sessile or pedicellate. Perigone 5-parted, lobes inside often pink to purple, rarely white, oblong, ending in protracted spurs. Stamens 5 to numerous, free or inserted in perigone tube. Perigynous, ovary free from perigone tube, 3-5-loculed, ovules numerous per locule; stigmas 3-5, linear. Capsule ellipsoid, thinly walled, membranous, circumscissile. Seeds many per locule, enveloped by a black smooth aril.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    SESUVIUM L.

    Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1058. 1759; Portulaca portulacastrum L.

    Hierbas perennes, glabras, las ramas rastreras y frecuentemente echando raíces en los nudos, suculentas. Hojas opuestas, iguales o casi iguales en cada par, simples, lineares a elípticas o angostamente obovadas, 1.3–5 (–6) cm de largo y 0.3–0.9 (–1.5) cm de ancho, ápice agudo o subagudo, base gradualmente adelgazada hacia el pecíolo; pecíolo (1–) 3–8 mm de largo, dilatado y abrazando al tallo en la base, estípulas ausentes. Flores solitarias, axilares, pedicelo 2–11 mm de largo; tubo calicino obcónico a campanulado, (1.5–) 2.5–4.2 mm de largo, los lobos 5, imbricados, lanceolados a ovados, 3.8–5.7 (–7) mm de largo, 2–3.4 (–4.5) mm de ancho, con un apéndice en forma de cornículo 0.8–2 mm de largo en la superficie exterior justo abajo del ápice, rosados o purpúreos internamente, persistentes y algo reflexos en fruto; estaminodios ausentes, estambres numerosos, insertos en la boca del tubo del cáliz, filamentos libres o ligeramente connados, (1.5–) 2.5–4.5 mm de largo, anteras 0.55–0.75 mm de largo y 0.45–0.65 mm de ancho; ovario súpero, 3–4-locular, 2.4–3.5 mm de largo y 1.8–3 mm de ancho, numerosos óvulos en cada lóculo, placentación axial, estilos 3 ó 4, erectos o patentes, (1.5–) 2.6–4.5 mm de largo. Fruto una cápsula circuncísil, ovoide u obovoide, 6.5–11 mm de largo y 3–6 mm de ancho; semillas 40–60, reniformes, 0.9–1.2 mm de largo y 0.8–1 mm de ancho, lisas, brillantes, negras.

    Común en playas, en las costas pacífica y atlántica; 0–50 m; fl y fr todo el año; Grijalva 1004, Stevens 23051; pantropical. Un género con 5–8 especies de plantas costeras tropicales y subtropicales en ambos hemisferios.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Herbaceous or suffruticose plants, upright or prostrate, sparsely branched. Leaves simple, opposite, more or less equal, fleshy, generally linear, elliptic or narrowly obovate, the petioles clasping or connate and surrounding the stem; estipulate. Inflorescence axillary or rarely terminal, glomerules or the flowers solitary. Flowers bisexual, sessile or pedicellate. Perianth 5-parted, connate below, the lobes generally appendaged on the outer surface beneath the apex, imbricate. Stamens 5, free and alternitepalous, or numerous, and inserted on the perianth tube. Ovary superior, 3- to 5-loculate, the ovules campylotropous, many on the axile placenta, the styles 3 to 5. Capsule circumscissile; seeds numerous, reniform, the testa smooth, estrophiolate.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Herbs [shrubs], annual or perennial, succulent, usually papillate. Roots fibrous. Stems prostrate to erect, forming mats; rooting at nodes in some species. Leaves cauline, opposite, those of each pair equal; stipules absent; petiole bases clasping to ± connate, ± widened, margins usually scarious; blade usually flat, linear to spatulate or ovate, tapered, margins entire. Inflorescences axillary, flowers solitary or in cymes, sessile or pedicellate; bracts absent or 2. Flowers: hypanthium obconic; calyx lobes 5, reddish adaxially, usually hooded near tip; petals and petaloid staminodia absent; stamens [1-]5-30, often connate proximally; pistil 2-5-carpellate; ovary half inferior, 2-5-loculed; placentation axile; ovules to 60; styles 2-5, papillate; stigmas 2-5. Fruits capsules, ovoid to obconic, dehiscence circumscissile. Seeds to 60, black to brown, arillate, usually reniform, shiny or dull, smooth or rugose.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    "Fls perfect, perigynous; sep 5, spreading at anthesis, persistent, each usually with a dorsal appendage near the tip; pet none; stamens 5–many; ovary 3–5-locular, with 3–5 styles and many ovules; capsule circumscissile; seeds arillate; succulent, fibrous-rooted herbs with opposite, exstipulate lvs, the small fls solitary or few in the axils, sessile or nearly so. 8, warm reg."

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Perianth 5-partite; lobes triangular, spreading, dorsally apiculate behind the tip, green outside, pink or purple inside; tube short, obconical.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stamens 5–?, free, inserted at the mouth of the perianth-tube.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Carpels 2–3, superior, united; ovary 2–3-locular; styles 2–3; ovules ?; placentation axile.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Fruit a conical circumscissile capsule, the lid pointed, remaining whole, thin-walled, the lower part thickened below the line of dehiscence or all over.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, opposite or subopposite, usually petiolate and unequal, lanceolate, oblong or elliptic, entire, succulent, without stipules.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Flowers axillary, solitary, regular, hermaphrodite, sessile or pedunculate, 2-bracteolate.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Prostrate or semi-prostrate succulent annual or perennial herbs.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Seeds several-?, black, rounded, with a prominent hilum, smooth or rugose.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Erect, decumbent or creeping succulent annual or perennial herbs or sub-shrubs

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Seeds several to many, black.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Stipules absent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Leaves opposite, subopposite, or alternate, sessile or petiolate, linear, lanceolate, oblong, elliptic or ovate, entire, succulent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Flowers axillary, solitary, sessile or pedunculate, bibracteolate, hermaphrodite, regular

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Calyx gamosepalous, 5-partite; calyx-lobes triangular, dorsally apiculate, green outside, coloured inside; calyx-tube short, obconical

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Stamens 5-many, free or connate at the base, inserted in the mouth of the calyx-tube

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Carpels 2–5, superior, united; ovary 2–5-locular; styles 2–5; ovules many; placentation axile

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Fruit a circumscissile capsule, the lid remaining whole

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Herbes'ou sous-arbustes.'Tiges'dichotomiques.'Feuilles'opposées, ± charnues.'Fleurs'axillaires, isolées ou en glomérules; périgone à 5 segments soudés vers le bas, colorés à leur face interne; étamines 5 ou nombreuses; ovaires 3-5-carpellaires, multiovulés, à 3-5 styles.'Capsules'à péricarpe mince et à déhiscence transversale.'Graines nombreuses, réniformes, à embryon circulaire entourant l'albumen.\n\t\t\t\tEnviron 10 espèces des régions chaudes des deux hémisphères, 1 au Congo belge.

  • Provided by: [H].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Herb

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Six to eight species, tropical and subtropical strand plants of both hemispheres.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Sea-purslane [Latin Sesuvium, apparently the country of the Sesuvii, a Gallic tribe mentioned by Caesar; reason for application to this genus unknown]

     Information From

    Aizoaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Flora of North America Association
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • H http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).