Schefflera J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.
  • Char. Gen. Pl. 23. 1775. (29 Nov 1775)


This taxon is accepted by Araliaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Shrubs or trees, sometimes climbers or epiphytes, evergreen, hermaphroditic or andromonoecious, unarmed. Leaves palmately compound, rarely unifoliolate (not in China), margins entire to serrate; stipules united within petiole. Inflorescence a terminal or pseudo-lateral panicle or compound raceme; flowers arranged in umbels, heads, or racemes; bracts pubescent, deciduous or persistent. Pedicels not articulate below ovary. Calyx rim entire or 5-toothed. Petals 5-11, valvate. Stamens 5-11. Ovary (4 or)5-11-carpellate; styles partly or completely united into a column or stigmas sessile. Fruit a drupe, globose or ovoid. Seeds (4 or)5-11, laterally compressed; endosperm uniform or slightly ruminate.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    3. Schefflera J.R. Forst et G. Forst.

    Por M.J. Cannon y J.F.M. Cannon.

    Sciodaphyllum P. Browne., Didymopanax Decne. et Planch.

    Árboles, arbustos o bejucos, algunas veces epifíticas, glabras o pelosas. Hojas palmaticompuestas o rara vez simples; folíolos dispuestos en uno o más verticilos en el ápice del pecíolo, frecuentemente peciolados, los pecíolos frecuentemente dilatados en la base y algunas veces en el ápice, con una lígula coriácea o leñosa conspicua (por lo menos en Mesoamérica). Inflorescencia paniculada o racemosa, capitada o umbelada; pedúnculos con brácteas subyacentes, persistentes, caducas; flores bisexuales o rara vez poligamomonoicas, frecuentemente 5-meras; pedicelos continuos con el cáliz o ausentes, con brácteas diminutas o ausentes en la base; limbo del cáliz generalmente denticulado; pétalos frecuentemente connatos y caliptrados; disco carnoso, el margen elevado; estilos 2-5(-10), connatos en una columna o libres. Fruto lateralmente comprimido y longitudinalmente bisulcado o subgloboso, 3-10 acostillado cuando seco; semillas aplanadas, endospermo homogéneo. Aprox. 650 spp. ampliamente distribuidas en los trópicos tanto del Viejo como del Nuevo Mundo.

    Schefflera actinophylla (Endl.) Harms, una especie introducida, nativa de Australia y Nueva Guinea, ocasionalmente se cultiva en Mesoamérica aunque aparentemente aún no está naturalizada como ya lo está en otras partes de los trópicos. También S. arboricola (Hayata) Merr., una especie originalmente asiática, se cultiva ampliamente como planta ornamental en Mesoamérica y otras áreas cálidas del mundo.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    SCHEFFLERA J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.; Didymopanax Decne. & Planch.

    Arboles, arbustos o trepadoras, a veces epífitos, glabros o pubescentes; plantas hermafroditas o a veces poligamomonoicas. Hojas palmaticompuestas, folíolos radiados, generalmente peciolulados; pecíolo con una vaina ligulada en la base. Inflorescencia frecuentemente en grandes panículas o umbelas, poco a muy ramificadas; pétalos 5, valvados, connados y caliptrados; estilos 2–5, connados en una columna o cono, frecuentemente persistentes. Fruto una baya globosa u ovoide; semillas en igual o menor número que estilos.

    Un género tropical con 650–700 especies en Asia, Africa y América; 2 especies nativas se encuentran en Nicaragua y Schefflera actinophylla introducida y cultivada.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or small trees, sometimes epiphytic, glabrous or variously pubescent. Leaves palmately compound or rarely simple; petiole dilated at the base into a ligulate sheath, often very conspicuous. Inflorescences paniculately umbelliferous or capituliferous, terminal or lateral, the branches subtended by small coriaceous bracts, the umbels or heads numerous; pedicels continuous with the calyx. Flowers bisexual, 5-merous; calyx obconic or cupuliform, the limb short, erect, usually denticulate; petals usually connate and calyptrate, subacute and slightly thickened distally, valvate; stamens inflexed in bud, the anthers oblong, obtuse at both ends, the thecae loosely coherent or separate; disc slightly raised at the margin; styles 5-7; fruit coriaceous, subglobose, surmounted by the persistent calyx-limb and stylar column or styles, the seeds 5-7 or fewer, oblong.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Seeds laterally compressed, ellipsoid, smooth, with non-ruminate endosperm.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Fruit subglobose to ovoid.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Ovary with (2)5–8 locules, the styles prominent and equalling the locules in number, joined at the base and spreading above.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Shrubs, trees or lianes, sometimes occurring as epiphytes.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence a panicle of umbellules or of umbellules racemosely arranged on a main axis (capitulate in some species outside the F.Z. area).

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Leaves digitate, long-petiolate; leaflets entire to slightly serrulate or crenulate; stipules often conspicuous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Flowers with 5–10 petals which may be functional or shed as a calyptra as the flower opens.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Stamens equal in number to the petals.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Disk flat or slightly raised in the F.Z. species.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Disk flat, depressed or conically raised

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Ovary 5–8-locular; styles equal in number to the locules, connivent at base

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Fruit ± subglobose or ovoid

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Seeds laterally compressed, ellipsoidal, smooth; endosperm nonruminate.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Petals 5–10, sometimes calyptrate (being shed as a cup) or opening on flower

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Stamens equal in number to the petals

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Calyx-margin repando-dentate to subentire

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Leaves petiolate, digitately compound; leaflets subentire to crenate

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Trees or lianes, often epiphytic or possibly epiphytic at first and independent later

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences paniculate, with flowers ultimately in umbellules, fascicles or capitula; pedicels (where present) not articulated beneath the flower

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Stipules intrapetiolar, often connate with petiole for some distance

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Shrub tree

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    Araliaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • K All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • L See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use