Sauromatum Schott
  • Melet. Bot. 17. 1832.


This taxon is accepted by Araceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1.

General Information

Herbs, seasonally dormant. Underground part a depressed-globose tuber. Leaves entire, sagittate-hastate, 3-lobed or -partite to pedatisect. Inflorescence simultaneous with or preceding leaves; peduncle short. Spathe divided into a connate or strongly convolute basal part with a ± strong apical constriction and a spreading lanceolate to ovate-triangular limb. Spadix as long as spathe, with 4 zones: a proximal female zone, an intermediate sterile zone with staminodes all over or only at base, a male zone, and a sessile or stipitate appendix. Female flowers 1-loculed with 1 or 2(or 3) orthotropous basal ovules. Proximal staminodes clavate, distal ones (when present) irregularly cristate or elongate aristate. Male flowers with 1-3 stamens opening by slits or pores; connective sometimes prolonged. Fruiting zone with spathe caducous or remaining; berries ovoid, 1(or 2)-seeded. Seeds with endosperm.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Stamens free, ± sessile; anthers dehiscing by oblique apical pores; connective slender

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Ovary unilocular; ovules orthotropous, 1–4, basal; stigma subsessile, capitate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Spadix with short ± cylindric basal pistillate part, followed by much longer sterile zone, naked apart from filiform to clavate projections at base; central staminate part short and cylindric, followed by slender, ± cylindric, smooth, sterile, terminal appendix

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Flowers unisexual, lacking perigon, densely congested

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Berries purple to red, densely congested in subglobose infructescence

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Seeds with abundant endosperm.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Terrestrial acaulescent herbs with subglobose tubers, seasonally dying back and dormant

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence solitary, appearing before leaf

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Spathe borne at ground-level, erect, margins connate basally forming a tube, somewhat inflated at extreme base, upper expanded limb much longer, narrowly oblong-lanceolate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Leaf solitary, subtended by several basal cataphylls; petiole with inconspicuous sheath, lacking apical pulvinus; blade deeply pedately-lobed; venation reticulate, primary lateral veins of lobes forming inframarginal veins

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Araceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).