Herbs , perennial, scapose, from thick rhizomes; sap orange to red. Leaves 1, or few and rosulate, sheathing-petiolate; blade 1× palmately lobed. Inflorescences terminal, 1(-3)-flowered; bracts absent. Flowers: sepals 2, distinct; petals 6-12, unequal; stamens many; pistil 2-carpellate; ovary 1-locular; style ± distinct; stigma 2-lobed. Capsules erect, 2-valved, dehiscing from base. Seeds few to many, arillate. x = 9.
"Sep 2; pet 8, or to 16; ovary narrowed above to a short style terminated by a capitate, 2-lobed stigma; placentas 2; capsule fusiform, crowned by the persistent style, dehiscent from the base upwards by elongate valves; seeds arillate; perennial herb with red juice, from a stout rhizome that sends up a single, lobed lf and a large, white fl on a scape. Monospecific."
Greene, E. L. 1905. Suggestions regarding Sanguinaria. Pittonia 5: 306-308. Harshberger, J. W. 1903. Juvenile and adult forms of bloodroot. Pl. World 6: 106-108. Nieuwland, J. A. 1910. Notes on the seedlings of bloodroot. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 1: 199-203.
|Bloodroot, puccoon, sanguinaire du Canada, sang-dragon [Latin sanguis, blood, in reference to color of sap]|