Sambucus L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 269. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Sambucus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000033909. Accessed on: 28 May 2020'

General Information

Herbs, shrubs, or trees, sometimes sarmentose; branches with a soft, solid pith, the twigs glabrous or pubescent, often drying striate, sometimes purplish. Leaves opposite, evergreen, not connate, imparipinnately-divided, - the leaflets finely toothed, glabrous or pubescent with simple hairs and sometimes with subsessile glands which may dry reddish; the petiole sometimes gland-bearing, estipulate or with stipule-like glandular appendages, often slightly clasping the stem; petio- lules short, sometimes stipellate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, held above

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
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    Shrubs, small trees, or perennial herbs, gynodioecious or hermaphroditic, deciduous, whole plant sometimes with extrafloral nectariferous glands. Branches smooth, striate, or warty, with stout pith. Leaves with or without stipules, imparipinnate, or incompletely bipinnate, rarely laciniate; leaflets serrate or divided, opposite or alternate. Inflorescences terminal, flat or convex corymbs or panicles, pedunculate or sessile. Flowers actinomorphic or sometimes dimorphic, sometimes with glandular nectaries, articulate with pedicel; bracts mostly absent; bracteoles 1 or absent. Calyx tube: limb 3-5-parted; corolla rotate, white, lobes 3-5. Stamens 5, inserted at base of corolla; filaments erect, filiform; anthers 2-celled, oblong, cells free, attached at middle. Ovary locules 3-5, ovules 1 per locule; style cushionlike; stigmas 3 or 5. Fruit berrylike, 3-5-seeded; seeds triquetrous or ellipsoid; embryo ca. as long as seed.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • SAMBUCUS L.

      Sambucus canadensis L., Sp. Pl. 269. 1753; S. mexicana C. Presl ex DC.; S. nigra ssp. canadensis (L.) Bolli.

      Arbustos o árboles pequeños, 2–5 m de alto. Hojas pinnaticompuestas, folíolos 5–7 (–9), el par basal o los 2 pares basales algunas veces 3-foliolados, elípticos a lanceolados, (4–) 5–12 (–15) cm de largo y 1.5–3.5 cm de ancho, acuminados, serrados, glabros o diminutamente puberulentos sobre el nervio principal en el envés. Inflorescencia un corimbo compuesto, terminal, (5–) 7–30 (–50) cm de diámetro, flores con fragancia dulce; corolas 5-lobadas, rotáceas, 4–6 mm de diámetro, blancas; anteras 5; ovario 4-locular. Fruto una baya jugosa, 4–5 mm de diámetro, negro-purpúrea; pirenos 3–5, 2–4 mm de largo.

      Común en hábitats montanos húmedos y alterados y además cultivada en la mayor parte del país; (200–) 1000–1600 m; fl y fr todo el año; Moreno 9582, Stevens 11635; este de Canadá y Estados Unidos, México hasta Panamá. A menudo cultivada por sus frutos comestibles y sus propiedades medicinales, se usa en el tratamiento de la tos y la fiebre. Género con ca 20 especies, en su mayoría de las regiones templadas del hemisferio norte, pero también en Centro y Sudamérica, el este de Africa, sureste de Asia y Australia. "Sauco".

      F.G. von Schwerin. Monographie der Gattung Sambucus. Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 18: 1–56. 1909; F.G. von Schwerin. Revisio generis Sambucus. Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 29: 194–231. 1920; R. Bolli. Revision of the genus Sambucus. Diss. Bot. 223: 1–227. 1994.

    • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
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      the leaves, panicles or compound umbellate cymes or variations between these types, bracts and bracteoles sometimes present, some flowers without pedicels. Flowers bisexual, numerous, small, fragrant, mostly white or reddish; calyx cam- panulate, the tube adnate to the ovary and enclosing it in fruit, the lobes small, mostly glabrous, persistent on the fruit; corolla perigynous, campanulate-rotate, deeply-lobed, the lobes rotund, quincuncial or rarely valvate in bud, glabrous or with a few hairs near the apex of the tube; stamens equal, the filaments inserted on the short corolla tube, glabrous, the anthers ellipsoidal, basi-fixed, opening extrorsely by longitudinal lateral slits; ovary immersed more than half-way in the calyx tube, 1-5-locular, the ovules 1 per locule, pendulous from the apex of the locule, anatropous, the superior portion (style) glabrous, stout and conical, the stigmas as many as the locules, often unequal, more or less connate; disc wanting. Fruit a 1-5-seeded juicy berry; the seeds lenticular, slightly trigonous,,rugose, the dorsal surface widest.

    • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
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      Morphology

      Stamens 5; filaments slender; anthers dehiscing outwards

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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      Ovary 3–5-locular, with a single pendulous ovule in each locule; style wanting, the stigma sessile and 3–5-lobed

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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      Leaves pinnately or bipinnately compound; leaflets usually serrate; stipules absent, small or occasionally conspicuous, sometimes reduced to clusters of glands

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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      Inflorescences usually terminal, corymbose, cymose or thyrsoid

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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      Flowers small, regular

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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      Corolla white or yellowish, rotate, the lobes imbricate or valvate

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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      Small trees, shrubs or rarely perennial subshrubby herbs, mostly evil-smelling

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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      Seeds with a membranous testa and fleshy endosperm.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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      Fruit a berry-like drupe with 3–5 1-seeded pyrenes

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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      Habit

      Herbs, shrubs, or trees

    • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
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      Distribution

      About 20 species in the temperate zones and a few on tropical mountains.

    • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
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       Information From

      Adoxaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • C
      Flora de Panama
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • E Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • F Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).