Salsola L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 222. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Russian-thistle, saltwort, soude, salsovie [Latin salsus, salty, for the habitats it occupies]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Salsola L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000033876. Accessed on: 18 Feb 2020'

General Information

Herbs annual, subshrubs, or shrubs, glabrous, pilose, hispid, or papillate. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, sessile, terete or semiterete, rarely linear, base usually expanded, sometimes decurrent, apex obtuse or with an acicular awn. Flowers bisexual, solitary or glomerulate in bract axils, forming a spicate or paniculate inflorescence on upper part of branches; bracts ovate or broadly lanceolate; bractlets 2. Perianth 5-parted; segments ovate-lanceolate or oblong, adaxially concave, membranous, becoming hardened later, glabrous or pilose, with a transverse, winglike appendage near middle abaxially; distal portion of segments incurved, apices usually connivent, together embracing utricle and appearing conic; abaxial appendage spreading, membranous in fruit, sometimes undeveloped and appearing crestlike or tuberculate. Stamens 5; filaments subulate or narrowly linear, flattened; anthers oblong, apex appendaged, appendage apex acute or obtuse, variously shaped, or very small. Ovary broadly ovoid or globose, depressed; style long or very short; stigmas 2, erect or recurved, subulate or filiform, adaxially papillate. Fruit a utricle, globose; pericarp membranous or fleshy. Seed horizontal, vertical, or oblique; embryo spiral; perisperm absent.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Herbs, annual, or subshrubs [shrubs and small trees] , glabrous, or ± pubescent or hispid. Stems erect, ascending, or prostrate, branched (rarely simple), not jointed, not armed, not fleshy. Leaves mostly alternate (rarely opposite, especially proximal ones), sessile; blade lanceolate, linear, or filiform to subulate, semiterete, margins entire basally, apex obtuse, soft and subspinescent or narrowed to spine or soft bristle. Inflorescences spicate, flowers solitary in axils of bracts or reduced distal leaves (rarely 2-3-flowered with lateral flowers poorly developed); bracts ovate-lanceolate, spine-tipped. Flowers bisexual, with 2 bracteoles; perianth segments persistent, 5, covering utricle at maturity, often developing transverse, dorsal, membranous or ± coriaceous wing (sometimes only 2-3 segments winged, sometimes wingless or nearly so); stamens 5; styles and stigmas 2 (or 3). Fruits utricles, covered by perianth segments at maturity; pericarp adherent. Seeds usually horizontal, orbicular; seed coat black or brown; perisperm absent. x = 9.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    "Fls perfect; cal deeply 5-lobed, the segments at maturity incurved over the fr, transversely carinate or winged, the tips connivent and erect; stamens usually 5; styles 2; seed thick, horizontal; embryo spirally coiled; perisperm none; ours branching, annual herbs with linear, succulent, ± spinulose-tipped lvs, the fls solitary or few in the axils of the shorter and spinier upper lvs (bracts), each subtended by a pair of bracteoles. 50+, widespread."

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Seeds normally “horizontal”(i.e. vertically compressed); testa membranous.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Fruit with membranous or somewhat fleshy pericarp.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stigmas 2, very rarely 3.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Endosperm absent.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Annual or more often perennial herbs or shrubs, usually pubescent.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Embryo spiral.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves usually more or less fleshy, entire, alternate or sometimes opposite, sessile, narrow, often scale-like, sometimes linear-subulate.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Flowers axillary, solitary or fascicled, sometimes aggregated in a spiciform way towards ends of branchlets, subtended by two relatively large bracteoles, hermaphrodite.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Perianth (4) 5-partite, the lobes nearly always each developing in fruit above the middle a scarious horizontally spreading wing.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stamens 5, rarely fewer.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Seeds normally “horizontal” (i.e. vertically compressed); testa membranous

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Fruit with membranous or somewhat fleshy pericarp

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Endosperm absent.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Embryo spiral

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Leaves usually more or less fleshy, entire, alternate or sometimes opposite, sessile, narrow, sometimes scale-like

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Flowers axillary, solitary or fascicled, subtended by relatively large bracteoles, hermaphrodite

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Annual or more often perennial herbs or shrubs, usually more or less pubescent

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Stigmas 2, very rarely 3

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Calyx (4-) 5-partite, the lobes almost always each developing in fruit a scarious horizontally spreading wing above the middle

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Stamens 5, sometimes fewer

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Beatley, J. C. 1973c. Russian-thistle (Salsola) species in western United States. J. Range Managem. 26: 225-226. Botschantzev, V. P. 1969. Rod Salsola L., kratkaya istoriya ego razvitiya i rasseleniya. (The genus Salsola L.; a concise history of its development and dispersal.) Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 54: 989-1001. Botschantzev, V. P. 1974. A synopsis of Salsola (Chenopodiaceae) from South and South-West Africa. Kew Bull. 29: 597-614. Mosyakin, S. L. 1996. A taxonomic synopsis of the genus Salsola (Chenopodiaceae) in North America. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 83: 387-395. Rilke, S. 1999. Revision der Sektion Salsola s.l. der Gattung Salsola (Chenopodiaceae). Bibliotheca Botanica (Stuttgart) 149: 1-190.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Russian-thistle, saltwort, soude, salsovie [Latin salsus, salty, for the habitats it occupies]

     Information From

    Amaranthaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).