Salicornia L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 3. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Glasswort, saltwort, samphire [Latin sal, salt, cornu, horn, in reference to the appearance of the plant and its association with saline habitats]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Salicornia L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000033839. Accessed on: 27 Feb 2020'

General Information

Herbs or small shrubs. Stems erect or ascending, glabrous; branches opposite, fleshy, jointed. Leaves opposite, undeveloped, scale-like. Inflorescence terminal, pedunculate, spicate, cylindric. Flowers 1-3 borne on axil of a fleshy bract, sessile, appearing sunken into fleshy rachis, without bractlets, bisexual. Perianth 4- or 5-lobed, spongy and flattened apically in fruit, with top surface subrhomboid. Stamens 1 or 2. Style very short; stigmas 2, subulate. Fruit a utricle, enclosed by perianth. Seed vertical, compressed; embryo annular; perisperm absent.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Herbs, annual, fleshy, glabrous. Stems prostrate to erect, simple to many-branched, apparently jointed and fleshy when young, becoming not jointed and somewhat woody with age. Leaves opposite, connate basally, sessile, decurrent portions forming fleshy segments enclosing stem, fleshy; blade reduced to fleshy scales, margins entire, narrow, scarious. Inflorescences spikes, terminal on each stem, apparently jointed, each joint (fertile segment) consisting of 2 axillary, opposite, usually 3-flowered cymes embedded in and adherent to fleshy tissue of distal internode; flowers in each cyme arranged in triangle, the 2 lateral flowers meeting beneath central flower, flowers separated by persistent flaps of internodal tissue. Flowers usually bisexual, ± radially symmetric; perianth segments persistent in fruit, usually 3, connate except for extreme tips, fleshy; stamens (0-)1-2; styles 2. Fruits utriclelike; pericarp membranous. Seeds vertical, ellipsoid; seed coat yellowish brown, thin, membranous, hairy; perisperm absent. x = 9.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    "Fls perfect or pistillate, in groups of 3 and deeply sunken in pits in the axis of a fleshy spike above the axils of scale-like bracts; cal obpyramidal, fleshy, not lobed, opening by a small terminal slit only, becoming spongy at maturity; stamens 1 or 2, the anthers exsert; ovary laterally compressed; styles 2, short; fr enclosed in the cal, the pericarp none; annual or perennial succulent herbs with jointed, usually freely branched stems, the lvs reduced to minute, opposite, scarcely projecting scales; uppermost scales crowded, forming a cylindric terminal spike. All spp. vary greatly in height and branching; all branches normally terminate in a spike, the fls appearing in late summer. The plants often turn bright red in autumn. (Sarcocornia) 25, widespread."

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Stamens usually 2 per flower.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Perianth minutely 3–4 denticulate, opening in the middle of a truncate flattened lateral shield.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Embryo folded so that radicle and cotyledons point downwards.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Seeds with thin membranous testa, minutely hairy.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Endosperm absent.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Flower minute, hermaphrodite, usually in clusters of three (always in the Flora Zambesiaca area), more or less connate, a pair of clusters to each fertile segment, the clusters on opposite sides and immersed.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Fertile segments aggregated into spikes at ends of stem and lateral branches, the latter often very short.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Spikes not disarticulating, persistent or breaking up irregularly.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Annual herbs, sometimes becoming thinly woody below, glabrous, seemingly leafless, built up of numerous superposed, more or less tubular-segments which are green to reddish and succulent, and ultimately shrivel, each segment at apex forming a little cup, usually with two short teeth, embracing the base of the next higher segment.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Embryo filling the whole seed, shaped like a closed inverted U, the cotyledons large, and the radicle pointing downwards

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Seeds “vertical” (i.e. laterally compressed); testa thinly coriaceous, minutely hairy

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Endosperm none or almost absent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Fruits with pericarp soft below, hardened in upper part

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Stamens mostly 2, sometimes 1, per flower

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Calyx normally flattened at apex into the shape of a kite (i.e. cuneate with ± rounded top), in whose middle is a 3–4-denticulate opening through which stamens and stigmas project

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Flowers minute, hermaphrodite, usually in threes, more or less connate, a pair of threes to each fertile segment, the threes on opposite sides and immersed

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Fertile segments aggregated into spikes at ends of stem and lateral branches, latter often very short; spikes not disarticulating

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Annual or perennial herbs, or sometimes small shrubs, glabrous, seemingly leafless, apparently built up of numerous, superposed, more or less tubular segments which are green to reddish and succulent, and ultimately shrivel; each segment at apex forming a little cup, usually with two short teeth, embracing the base of the next higher segment

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Synonyms

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Glasswort, saltwort, samphire [Latin sal, salt, cornu, horn, in reference to the appearance of the plant and its association with saline habitats]

     Information From

    Amaranthaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).