Salacia L.
  • Mant. Pl. 2: 159. 1771.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Salacia L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000033821. Accessed on: 29 May 2020'

General Information

Climbing or scrambling shrubs or small trees, glabrous or glabrescent; branchlets subterete, internode usually dilated or slightly flat. Leaves opposite to subopposite, rarely alternate, entire, crenate, or serrate, estipulate. Inflorescences axillary or cauliflorous, thyrsoid, cymose, or fasciculate. Flowers bisexual, 5-merous. Disk fleshy, pulvinate or cupular, entire or lobed, extrastaminal. Stamens (2 or)3; anthers longitudinally, obliquely, or transversely dehiscent, extrorse or apical. Ovary (2 or)3-locular, whole or mostly concealed in disk; ovules axile, 2-9 per locule. Berry spheroid, fleshy or subligneous. Seeds 2-12, angular, exalbuminous, surrounded by mucilaginous arils.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    22. Salacia L., nom. cons.

    Por J.A.Lombardi.

    Bejucos, arbustos o árboles, glabros o pelosos. Hojasopuestas, subopuestas o alternas. Inflorescencias tirsoide-paniculadas o endicasios compuestos, pedunculados, multifloros o paucifloros, o en fascículossésiles, axilares, ramifloros, caulifloros o en braquiblastos axilares; flores5-meras en el perianto, rotáceas, tubuliformes o campanuliformes; sépaloslibres o unidos en el botón floral; pétalos patentes o erectos y la corolatubuliforme o campanuliforme, a veces secretores en la base o con tubérculos enel ápice, los márgenes enteros; disco anular, anular-pulviniforme,pulviniforme, tubular, aplanado, pateliforme o cilíndrico; estambres (2)3, lasanteras 1-tecas o 2-tecas, reniformes, subsagitadas, oblongas o rómbicas,dorsifijas, la dehiscencia por hendiduras oblicuas convergentes en el ápice, enun ángulo de 130° a 180° o por hendiduras casi paralelas; ovario (2)3-locular,3-lobado o subesférico, los óvulos axilares, el estilo piramidal osubcilíndrico, más o menos alargado; estigma 1 o inconspicuamente 3-lobado.Bayas con epicarpo coriáceo o crustáceo; semillas elipsoidales, angulosas. c.150 spp. Regiones tropicales de América, África y Asia; 32 spp. en Américatropical, 7 spp. en Mesoamérica.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Mesoamericana
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    SALACIA L.

    Bejucos, arbustos o árboles, frecuentemente con ramas escandentes, completamente glabros o las partes jóvenes escasamente tomentosas. Inflorescencia axilar, tirsoide-paniculada, fasciculada o cimosa; flores frecuentemente amontonadas, pediceladas, 3–30 mm de diámetro; sépalos generalmente desiguales; pétalos ovados a orbiculares, frecuentemente delgados con nervadura flabelada y ápice obtuso; disco variado, anular-pulviniforme, cónico-truncado o aplanado, en algunas especies la parte central produciendo 3 dientes apicales; estambres con filamentos sólo ligeramente o no ensanchados en la base, anteras pequeñas, más o menos transversalmente elipsoides u ovado-deltoides, con hendiduras extrorsas o apicales, horizontales u oblicuas; ovario cónico deprimido, en general profundamente inmerso en el disco y connado a éste, atenuado hasta un estilo corto, carnoso, subulado, truncado, estigmas inconspicuos. Frutos subglobosos o elipsoides, el pericarpo coriáceo, las semillas anguladas, embebidas en una pulpa mucilaginosa.

    Género con ca 180 especies distribuidas en las Américas, Africa y Asia, mayormente en las áreas tropicales; 3 especies se conocen en Nicaragua. En América cerca de 31 especies distribuidas desde México al sur de Brasil y Paraguay, también en Cuba.

    A.M.W. Mennega. New combinations and nomenclatural notes on the genera Salacia and Tontelea (Celastraceae, sensu lato) in the Neotropics. V. Novon 2: 232–234. 1992.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Lianas, scandent or sometimes erect shrubs, rarely slender trees with the upper branches scandent, glabrous throughout or essentially so, the branchlets usually terete, the bark smooth or lenticellate; milky latex sometimes present. Leaves op- posite or alternate, the petiole canaliculate, stipulate or not, the stipules small and soon deciduous. Inflorescences axillary or on defoliate branchlets, cymose, panic- ulate, racemose or fasciculate. Flowers hermaphrodite, rarely unisexual by abor- tion, often relatively large for the family, pedicellate, congested or loosely arranged; calyx usually deeply 5-lobed, the lobes unequal, frequently scarious and erosulous at the margins; petals usually 5, imbricate, sessile or sometimes subunguiculate, entire or erosulous at the margins; disc continuous, annular-pulvinate, truncate- conical or flattened, carnose; stamens usually 3, suberect to reflexed, the filaments ligulate, usually broadened toward the base, the anthers dehiscing by a transversal, apical or extrorse cleft, or by 2 longitudinal or oblique and mostly apically con- fluent clefts; pollen grains simple; ovary usually immersed in the disc, conical, cylindric or 3-lobed, (2-)3-celled, the cells 2- to many-ovulate, the ovules collateral, superposed or in superposed pairs; ovary gradually narrowed into a distinct or ob- scure style, the stigmas obscure. Fruits drupaceous, subglobose or ellipsoid, the peri- carp coriaceous, 1- to 3-celled, the dissepiments evanescent or not; seeds 1-many, embedded in mucilaginous pulp, wingless; cotyledons massive, free or united.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
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    Morphology

    Germination hypogeal (2 species).

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ovary superior, (2)3-locular, with 2–8 axile ovules in 1–2 rows per loculus, sessile or on a gynophore, usually immersed in the disk; style simple; stigma 3-lobed or entire.

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    Stamens (2)3(4), with filaments often ± broadened below, free or united with the ovary or gynophore, becoming reflexed; anthers versatile, extrorse or apical, with thecae vertical to oblique or transverse, free or ± confluent; pollen simple.

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    Seeds (pyrenes) ± irregular.

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    Fruit drupaceous, globose or ± elongated, with coriaceous exocarp and mucilaginous pulp (mesocarp), (2)3-locular, soon becoming 1-locular by evanescence of dissepiments, 1-c. 20-seeded.

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    Disk extrastaminal, single, varying in shape, free or variously united with other floral parts.

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    Flowers bisexual or functionally unisexual.

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    Inflorescence pedunculate or sessile, cymose, dichasial or monochasial or fasciculate, simple, without accessory branches, axillary or extra-axillary; bracts persistent.

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    Leaves opposite to alternate, petiolate; stipules small, free, deciduous, or absent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Lianes or shrubs or small trees, often with the upper branches scandent, rarely rhizomatous shrublets, with or without latex.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Petals (4)5(6), green, white, yellow, orange, brownish or red, imbricate in bud.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Sepals (4)5(6), imbricate, free or ± united, the inner ones sometimes ± petaloid.

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    Seed-integument thin; cotyledons free or fused.

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    Lianes, shrubs or small trees

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    Stipules small, deciduous, free

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    Latex absent or present

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    Fruit a globose or elongated berry with 1–many seeds; exocarp supple or tough; mesocarp soft, fleshy; endocarp mucilaginous

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ovary superior, sessile, often immersed in the disc, usually with a small androgynophore united with the disc; locules (2–)3, each with 2–9 axile ovules in 1–2 rows; stigma entire or 3-lobed

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    Stamens (2–)3; filaments often becoming reflexed or revolute; anthers uni- or bithecate with extrorse or nearly apical dehiscence (the line of dehiscence is sometimes apical at the bud stage); pollen simple, tricolporate

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    Disc always developed, extrastaminal, variously shaped, entire or lobed

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    Petals (4–)5(–6), imbricate in bud

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers moderately sized to large, ± (2–)4–20 mm. in diameter, pedicellate; buds globose or ovoid to subconical, sepals (4–)5(–6), imbricate, free or somewhat united

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Inflorescence 1–many-flowered, sessile or pedunculate, axillary or caulinary, sometimes cymose, dichasial or umbelliform, simple without accessory branches; bracts persistent

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves opposite, subopposite or sometimes alternate, petiolate; blade entire or toothed

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Habit

    trees

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
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    Lianas shrubs

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
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    Cytology

    Chromosome number: 2n = 28 (8 species).

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Included Species

     Information From

    Celastraceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).