Protium Burm. f.
  • Fl. Indica 88. 1768. (Mar-Apr 1768)

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Protium Burm. f. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 12 Aug 2020'

General Information

Small trees. Branchlet pith without vascular strands. Leaves odd-pinnate, alternate, exstipulate; leaflets with petiolule, apex cuspidate. Flowers in axillary or terminal panicles, unisexual, bisexual, or polygamous. Calyx cupular or campanulate, shallowly 4- or 5-lobed, lobes imbricate in bud, recurved, persistent but not enlarged in fruit. Petals 5, valvate, apex incurved in bud, later recurved. Stamens as many as or 2 × as many as petals or more, distinct, inserted outside of disk, reduced in females but probably fertile; disk fleshy and thick, glabrous, flattened in male flowers, annular or cupular in female or bisexual flowers, grooved; filaments glabrous. Ovary 4- or 5-celled, glabrous or pubescent, globose or ovoid, reduced in male flowers; ovules 2 in each cell; style short or long; stigma capitate or shallowly 4- or 5-lobed. Drupe globose, ovoid, or somewhat compressed, apex with rudiment of style; pyrenes 4 or 5 (some often degenerated), rarely 1 or 2, bony with thin coat; cotyledons folded, palmate.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    PROTIUM Burm. f.

    Arboles, corteza no exfoliante. Hojas persistentes, pecíolo y raquis no alados (en Nicaragua); folíolos generalmente enteros y asimétricos, pulvínulo distal presente en los peciólulos terminales y generalmente, y siempre en Nicaragua, en los peciólulos laterales, pulvínulos a veces inconspicuos. Inflorescencias paniculadas, racemiformes o pseudoespigadas, axilares o raramente subterminales; cáliz (3, no en Nicaragua) 4 ó 5 (6)-lobado; pétalos (3, no en Nicaragua) 4 ó 5 (6), más largos que los sépalos, libres o irregularmente connados en la base; filamentos insertados en la base del disco; disco generalmente anular o cupuliforme, o a veces en las flores estaminadas confluente con el pistilodio para formar un ovariodisco cónico-deprimido; ovario 4 ó 5-lobado, 4 ó 5-locular, ovoide, deltoide, columnar o globoso, estigma 4 ó 5-lobado, persistente cuando en fruto. Frutos globosos, obovoides, ovoides o elipsoides, no angulados, mesocarpo carnoso y resinoso, generalmente dehiscentes por 2–5 valvas; pirenos 1–5, casi totalmente cubiertos por una pulpa blanca y dulce, cada uno con 1 semilla.

    Género con ca 170 especies en América tropical, Madagascar, las Mascarenas y desde la India hasta Malasia, Nueva Guinea y Australia; 6 especies en Nicaragua. Los especímenes nicaragüenses de P. ravenii y P. glabrum han sido identificados como P. panamense (Rose) I.M. Johnst., una especie endémica de Panamá que tiene hojas con 3–7 (9) folíolos grandes, coriáceos con base obtusa a redondeada, flores glabras con pétalos 4–4.5 mm de largo y frutos lanceolados, 2–3 cm de largo, apiculados y subestipitados con pirenos lanceolados a ovados.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Trees or shrubs. Leaves alternate, odd-pinnate or rarely 1-foliolate, petiolate; leaflets (1-)3-9(-13), usually distinctly acuminate, the margin usually entire, petiolulate; stipules absent. Inflorescenses axillary or rarely subterminal panicles or racemes. Flowers 4-5-merous, sessile or pedicellate, functionally unisexual; calyx 4-5-lobed, imbricate, persistent in fruit; petals 4-5, free, usually some- what fleshy, induplicate-valvate, deciduous; stamens 8-10, slightly reduced and abortive in carpellate flowers, the filaments subulate to setose, free, inserted at the base of the disc, the anthers more or less oblong, dorsifixed to basifixed; disc 8-10-lobed, annular or cupuliform, thick, fleshy, pubescent to glabrous; gynoeci- um, 4-5-carpelled, the ovary 4-5-lobed and -loculed, ovoid or globose, pubescent to glabrous, abortive in staminate flowers, the ovules 2 per locule, subapical, col- lateral, pendulous, the style short, the stigma capitate, 4-5-lobed, usually persist- ent in fruit. Fruit drupaceous, globose to ovoid, ellipsoid, or turbinate, often somewhat oblique, mesocarp fleshy and resinous, usually dehiscent by 2-5 valves; pyrenes 1-5, smooth, bony, 1-seeded; embryo straight, the cotyledons simple and plano-convex.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    Trees or shrubs

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    A tropical genus of perhaps 100 species, mainly American, but also with species in Madagascar, the Mascarenes, and Asia from India through the Malay- an Archipelago. Seven taxa occur in Panama. Most species are South American, but in Panama only the two subspecies of Protium tenuifolium (Engl.) Engl. have South American affinities, the other five being Central American.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Included Species


     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).