Pimpinella L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 263. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Pimpinella L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000029758. Accessed on: 25 Nov 2020'

General Information

8. Pimpinella L

Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

Hierbas perennes, bianuales o anuales, erectas o ascendentes, ramificadas, glabras a variadamente pelosas, generalmente con raíces axonomorfas, las cuales algunas veces son de base hinchada o ligeramente leñosa. Hojas alternas, pecioladas, simples, ternadas o pinnadas, o pinnado- o ternado-compuestas con divisiones posteriores angostas, membranáceas; pecíolos envainadores. Inflorescencia de umbelas laxas, compuestas; pedúnculos terminales y laterales; involucro e involucelo ausente, u ocasionalmente de algunas cuantas brácteas angostas o bractéolas; radios escasos a numerosos, patente-ascendentes; pedicelos patente-ascendentes o patentes. Cáliz dentado, los dientes diminutos (rara vez prominentes) o ausentes; pétalos anchos, de ápice inflexo más angosto, generalmente subiguales, glabros o pelosos, generalmente blancos, rojizos o amarillos; estilos delgados, el estilopodio cónico a bajo cónico. Frutos oblongos a globosos o elipsoides, comprimidos lateralmente, frecuentemente constrictos en la comisura, generalmente más angostos hacia el ápice, redondeados en la base, glabros a pelosos; mericarpos subteretes a pentagonales; carpóforo hendido hasta la mitad o 2-partido; costillas 5, filiformes e indistintas a prominentes y muy angostamente aladas, subiguales; vitas esencialmente continuas alrededor de la cavidad de la semilla, o varias en los intervalos si las costillas están bien desarrolladas; cara de la semilla cóncava a casi plana. Aprox. 150-200 spp. Viejo Mundo.

Las fronteras genéricas están en discusión.

La única especie en Mesoamérica es Pimpinella anisum .

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Herbs, perennial, rarely biennial or annual. Root fibrous or a taproot. Stems erect, branching, base without fibrous remnant sheaths. Basal leaves petiolate, sheathing at base; blade 1–3-ternate, 1–4-pinnate or ternate-1–3-pinnate, sometimes simple. Cauline leaves often heteromorphic. Inflorescence branching, umbels terminal and lateral; bracts and bracteoles present or absent, usually linear, apex entire; rays few to numerous. Calyx teeth usually obsolete, sometimes conspicuous, lanceolate, minute. Petals white, rarely purple, glabrous or hairy abaxially. Stylopodium conic or low-conic, rarely depressed; styles short or long, spreading or reflexed (best observed in young or mature fruit). Fruit cordate-ovoid or oblong-ovoid, slightly laterally compressed, constricted at the commissure, glabrous or variously hairy; ribs 5, filiform, sometimes obscured by the indumentum; vittae 1–3(–4) in each furrow, 2–4(–8) on commissure. Seed face plane, rarely slightly concave. Carpophore 2-fid or 2-parted.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    "Fr ovate to orbicular, flattened laterally, the ribs 5 per mericarp, prominent and sometimes very narrowly winged; oil-tubes 2–4 in the intervals, 2 or more on the commissure; carpophore bifid at least to the middle; umbels peduncled, compound, terminal and lateral; invol usually none; rays 8–20; sep minute or none; fls white, pink, or purple, the marginal ones sometimes irregular; stylopodium ± conic; perennials with pinnate or decompound lvs. 150, mainly Old World."

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Leaves simple to tripinnate, denticulate to serrulate or coarsely dentate

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs; rootstock various, in Africa often ± tuberous

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Umbels compound, usually numerous; involucre absent or of few linear bracts; involucel absent to conspicuous

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Flowers hermaphrodite or polygamous (a central umbel hermaphrodite with 1–2 lateral ♂ below)

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Fruit ± laterally compressed, rotund-ovoid to oblong, glabrous or pilose, commissure narrow; primary ribs present, filiform, obvious or obscure, usually pale in ripe fruit; vittae (2–)3(–4) in the valleculae, usually black in the ripe fruit; stylopodia very variable in shape, from flat or pulvinate to long-conical; styles short to slender and flexuose; carpophore ± bipartite

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Endosperm rounded or obtusely 3-angled dorsally, commissural face flat or angled to the carpophore.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Calyx obsolete

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Petals usually white, sometimes cream, yellow or greenish yellow, incised above with an incurved apical lobule or at least the tip incurved

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Umbels compound; bracts and bracteoles 0; calyx teeth obsolete or minute; petals white, cream or sometimes slightly pinkish, apices long-inflexed, the outer ones not noticeably radiate.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Fruit ovoid to oblong, somewhat laterally compressed, with a broad commissure. Mericarps with 5 filiform ribs; stylopodium conical to depressed-conical; styles short or long, stigmatic surfaces somewhat clubbed.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Perennial, biennial or annual herbs.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Leaves simple, ternate, simply pinnate to finely divided (occasionally showing a wide range of variation within one population).

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Carpophore deeply 2-cleft.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Seed slightly concave on the commissural face.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    Apiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).