Peucedanum L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 245. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Peucedanum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000029000. Accessed on: 01 Dec 2020'

General Information

Herbs perennial. Rootstock short, crown usually bearing remnant leaf sheaths. Stem finely striate, dichotomously branched above. Leaves petiolate; petioles sheathing. Umbels loosely compound, terminal and lateral; bracts numerous or absent; rays numerous or few; bracteoles numerous, rarely few or absent. Calyx teeth short or obsolete. Petals usually white, occasionally pinkish or purplish, rarely pale yellow, orbicular to obovate, with a narrow inflexed apex. Stylopodium low-conic. Fruit ellipsoid, oblong to suborbicular, dorsally compressed; dorsal ribs filiform, slightly prominent, lateral ribs thickened and narrowly winged, wings closely appressed to one another; vittae 1 to several in each furrow, 2 to several on commissure. Seed face plane or slightly concave. Carpophore bipartite.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    "Fr strongly flattened dorsally, the lateral ribs evidently winged, the others wingless; oil-tubes 1–3 in the intervals, 2 or more on the commissure; carpophore bifid to the base; umbels compound; pet white or yellow; stylopodium conic; perennials, usually coarse and erect from a taproot or stout rhizome, with pinnately or ternately compound or dissected lvs, often with well defined lfls. 100+, Old World."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Leaves variously pinnately or ternately divided into filiform to broad and jaggedly toothed segments, nervation pinnate, very rarely parallel-nerved and then with obscure secondary venation

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Endosperm flat or shallowly bisulcate on the commissural face, slightly to clearly sulcate beneath the vittae dorsally.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Biennial or perennial herbs, glabrous to variously pilose, rootstock various

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Fruit strongly dorsally compressed, oblong to elliptic, obovate or roundish, glabrous, truncate to slightly emarginate at base and apex, the stylopodia ± apical, commissure wide; 3 dorsal ribs ± prominent, slender, 2 marginal ribs expanded into distinct, broad to rather narrow, paper-thin or thicker wings; vittae 2–8(–12) on the commissural face, when numerous then slender and variable in number and sometimes irregular; vallecular vittae l–3(–5) or rarely almost a complete ring of vittae around the endosperm; vittae usually black and conspicuous in the ripe fruit, but on the commissure sometimes concealed by overlying tissue and clear only in section; stylopodia conical; styles short; carpophore deeply bipartite

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Umbels compound, few–many; involucre of 0 or few caducous to numerous persistent bracts; involucel usually conspicuous, of numerous bracteoles; flowers usually polygamous, the terminal umbels of stem and branches hermaphrodite and fertile or the inner partial umbels or their inner flowers ♂, the opposite or verticillate outer umbels entirely or in part ♂

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Petals white to cream, yellow or (commonly in Africa) greenish cream, ± incised above with a large or smaller incurved acute point

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Calyx-teeth absent to small but distinct

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Lateral wings well developed as expansions of the marginal ribs, sometimes surrounding the stylopodium on both sides, dorsal ribs filiform.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Fruit orbicular, oblong or pyriform, very strongly dorsiventrally compressed, with a broad commissure.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Petals white, cream or yellow, sometimes flushed with pink.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Calyx teeth minute or 0.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Umbels compound, bracts 0 to numerous, probably sometimes caducous; bracteoles several to numerous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Leaves pinnate or ternate, or compound forms of these, rarely finely divided.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Carpophore divided to the base.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Perennial herbs, rarely biennials or annuals.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Vittae 1–3 in each interval and 2 in the commissural face.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Stylopodium well developed, conical.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    Apiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).