Pereskia Mill.
  • Gard. Dict. Abr. (ed. 4) 3:. 1754. (28 Jan 1754)
  • [For Nicolas Claude Fabri de Peiresc, 1580-1637, French scholar]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Pereskia Mill. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000028718. Accessed on: 27 May 2020'

General Information

Shrubs or climbers, or trees to 20 m tall. Branches terete, slightly fleshy when young; areoles with spines; glochids absent. Leaves somewhat fleshy, sessile or petiolate, broad, flat, pinnately veined, estipulate. Flowers solitary, or in fasciculate, subcorymbose, racemose or paniculate inflorescences, stalked or sessile. Receptacle not produced into a tube beyond ovary, with numerous, ± leafy, often persistent scales. Perianth multiseriate; segments free, spreading or rotate, white to red, magenta or orange. Stamens numerous, inserted at base of perianth. Ovary (pericarpel) superior to inferior; placentas basal or parietal. Fruit globose, pear-shaped, or obovoid, fleshy, with or without scattered, leaflike scales. Seeds 2 to numerous; testa glossy black, brittle.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Stems straight or zig-zag. Spines 1-12 per areole. Flowers from areoles of new growth, fragrant or not; outer tepals often greenish, colored near margins; inner tepals white, yellow, orange-red, red, pink to purplish; stamens 50-100 in small-flowered species, to 300 in large-flowered species; filaments colorless near base, in some species pigmented distally, color either matching inner tepals or contrasting with them; styles shorter to longer than stamens; stigma lobes 3-20. x = 11.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    PERESKIA Mill.; Rhodocactus (A. Berger) F.M. Knuth

    Arboles, arbustos o trepadoras escandentes; aréolas con 1 a varias espinas y lana. Hojas alternas con láminas bien definidas, planas, algo carnosas, deciduas estacionalmente. Flores solitarias o en inflorescencias corimbosas o paniculadas, pedunculadas o sésiles; tubo receptacular ausente; perianto en varias series, patente o rotáceo, blanco, rojo o amarillo; ovario súpero a ínfero, frecuentemente con escamas foliáceas; estambres numerosos, insertados en la base del perianto. Frutos obovoides a obcónicos, carnosos, con o sin escamas foliáceas; semillas negras, lustrosas.

    Un género con 16 especies, distribuidas desde México hasta Argentina y en las Antillas; 3 especies se conocen en Nicaragua y una más se espera encontrar.

    B. Leuenberger. Pereskia (Cactaceae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 41: 1–141. 1986.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leafy trees or shrubs, sometimes clambering; stems terete, branching, succulent above, woody below, armed with stout spines in minutely pubescent axillary areoles. Leaves alternate, spiral, broadly laminate, deciduous. Flowers pedunculate, panicu- late or solitary, both terminal and axillary; perianth rotate, with many free or slightly united segments, the outer somewhat shorter and less petaloid than the inner; stamens numerous, inserted in a shallow tube adnate to the base of the perianth. Ovary subinferior. Fruit a fleshy relatively few-seeded berry bearing the marcescent remains of the perianth.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A genus of about a dozen species, ranging from Mexico and Florida to Argen- tina and in the Antilles.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Leuenberger, B. E. 1986. Pereskia (Cactaceae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 41: 1-141. Leuenberger, B. E. 1992. Leaf-bearing cacti (genus Pereskia) in cultivation. Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 64: 247-263.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    [For Nicolas Claude Fabri de Peiresc, 1580-1637, French scholar]

     Information From

    Cactaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).