Peniocereus (A.Berger) Britton & Rose
  • in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 428. 1909.
  • [Greek penios, thread, and Cereus, a genus of cacti]

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Peniocereus (A.Berger) Britton & Rose. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 30 Mar 2023'

General Information

Shrubs, low, erect to sprawling, arching, or scrambling, sparingly branched. Roots turnip-shaped or tuberlike and clustered. Stems unsegmented, gray, gray-green, greenish brown, brown, or purplish, columnar, proximally terete, distally terete or angled [or dimorphic with young stems 3-5-angled and adult stems terete in two Mexican species], [12-]25-300[-400] × 0.3-2[-6] cm, rigid, slender, canescent [or papillate]; ribs [3-]4-9[-20], often prominent, rib crests usually straight, uninterrupted; areoles (3.5-)5-20 mm apart along ribs, circular to elliptic, lanose or sometimes glabrate; areolar glands absent; cortex and pith not mucilaginous. Spines 5-15(-17) per areole, yellowish white, sometimes with black tips, conic, subulate with swollen bases, sometimes acicular to bristlelike, 1.5-4[-25] mm, puberulent to glabrate, scurfy; radial and central spines similar. Flowers nocturnal (remaining open next day), usually borne laterally along distal portions of ribs, at adaxial edges of areoles, usually fragrant, salverform with long tube flaring abruptly near apex, usually 7-25 cm; tepals lanceolate to oblanceolate, apiculate to attenuate; outer tepals greenish, usually tinged with red, purple, brown, or white, 25-50 × 2-6 mm, margins entire or minutely ciliate; inner tepals commonly white [or red], sometimes lightly tinged cream, rose, red, or green, 25-75 × 8-12 mm, margins entire to slightly undulate; ovary with low tubercles, minutely scaly or scaleless, spiny, areoles woolly; stigma lobes 9-12, white to yellow-white, 10-15 mm. Fruits indehiscent, red to scarlet [carmine to purple], pyriform or ellipsoid [to ovoid], [30-]40-90 × 25-50 mm, fleshy, low tuberculate, scaleless, spiny; pulp reddish, in some taxa sweet and edible; floral remnant persistent. Seeds black, broadly oblong, 1-4 × 0.8-2.5 mm, shiny or dull; testa rugose, pitted and/or with raised polygonal cells. x = 11.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    PENIOCEREUS (A. Berger) Britton & Rose

    Peniocereus hirschtianus (K. Schum.) D.R. Hunt, Bradleya 9: 90. 1991; Cereus hirschtianus K. Schum.; Nyctocereus hirschtianus (K. Schum.) Britton & Rose; N. neumannii (K. Schum.) Britton & Rose; N. guatemalensis Britton & Rose.

    Tallos erectos, arqueados, postrados o escandentes, hasta 2 m de largo y 2–5 cm de diámetro, costillas 8–12; espinas radiales 9–12, aciculares, 5–10 mm de largo, algunas más delgadas que las otras, más o menos aplicadas, grises con ápices cafés, espinas centrales 3–6, aciculares, 8–55 mm de largo, erectas o patentes, grises con ápices cafés. Flores nocturnas, 5–7 cm de largo; tubo receptacular 1–1.5 cm de largo, aréolas con 2–5 espinas aciculares de 2–8 mm de largo; partes sepaloides del perianto linear-lanceoladas, 15–20 mm de largo y 2–4 mm de ancho, rosado-parduscas; partes petaloides del perianto lanceoladas, 2–2.5 cm de largo y 0.4–0.6 cm de ancho, blancas o con tintes rosados; estilo ca 3 cm de largo. Frutos globosos, 3–5 cm de largo, carnosos, rojos, aréolas con 7–15 espinas flexibles de 3–18 mm de largo; semillas ca 4 mm de largo, negras.

    Poco frecuente, en bosques secos o sabanas rocosas, zona pacífica; 0–400 m; fl abr–ago, fr may–ago; Araquistain 2876, Stevens 10224; Guatemala a Nicaragua. Un género con ca 20 especies distribuidas desde el oeste de Estados Unidos hasta Costa Rica.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 



    Sánchez-M., H. 1973. El género Neoevansia Marshall, historia y revisión. Cact. Suc. Mex. 18: 13-27. Sánchez-M., H. 1974. Revisión del Género Peniocereus: (Las Cactáceas). Toluca.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    [Greek penios, thread, and Cereus, a genus of cacti]

      Taxonomic Status Reference

    • 1 Arias, S., Terrazas, T., Arreola-Nava, H. J., Vázquez-Sánchez, M. & Cameron, K. M. 2005: Phylogenetic relationships in Peniocereus (Cactaceae) inferred from plastid DNA sequence data. J. Pl. Res. 118(5): 317-328.

     Information From

    Caryophyllales. World Flora Online Data. 2022.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Nicaragua
    W. D. Stevens, C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001–. Flora de Nicaragua, Tropicos Project. Loaded from Tropicos Project: October 2017
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online Consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).