Ocotea Aubl.
  • Hist. Pl. Guiane 2: 780–781, t. 310. 1775. (Jun-Dec 1775)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Ocotea Aubl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000026514. Accessed on: 31 Mar 2020'

General Information

OCOTEA Aubl.

Arboles o arbustos; plantas hermafroditas o dioicas. Hojas alternas, pinnatinervias. Inflorescencias paniculadas, en las axilas de las hojas o brácteas deciduas; tépalos 6, iguales, erectos o patentes en la antesis; estambres 9, 4-loculares, los lóculos arreglados en 2 hileras horizontales, los 6 estambres exteriores con lóculos introrsos, los 3 internos con lóculos extrorsos o lateral-extrorsos, estaminodios 3 o ausentes, nunca con ápice sagitado-cordado. Fruto una baya asentada en una cúpula más o menos desarrollada, los tépalos mayormente deciduos.

Un género grande, posiblemente con más de 300 especies principalmente del Nuevo Mundo, pero con algunas especies en Africa y Madagascar; 13 especies se conocen en Nicaragua y 3 más se esperan encontrar. Ocotea no siempre es fácil de separar de Cinnamomum y Nectandra, pero pese a esto, al momento no conviene hacer cambios drásticos en los conceptos genéricos. En Nicaragua las especies de Cinnamomum tienen hojas subtriplinervias mientras que las de Ocotea son pinnatinervias, lo que las separa fácilmente. En Nectandra los lóculos de la anteras están arreglados en un arco, no en 2 hileras horizontales y las caras internas de los tépalos así como las anteras, frecuentemente tienen pubescencia papilosa. Ocotea nicaraguensis Mez, es una especie poco conocida cuyo tipo, Friedrichsthal 627 (W) fue destruido durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. El nombre ha sido ampliamente usado para especímenes actualmente incluidos en O. atirrensis. Mez describió las inflorescencias de O. nicaraguensis como tomentulosas y debido a que especímenes identificados como tal tienen inflorescencias glabras o casi así, el nombre O. nicaraguensis ha sido aplicado erróneamente. La descripción de O. nicaraguensis no es suficiente para reconocer la especie y, debido a que el tipo fue destruido, he decidido mencionarla como especie poco conocida.

J.G. Rohwer. Prodromous einer Monographie der Gattung Ocotea Aubl. (Lauraceae), sensu lato. Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 20: 1–278. 1986; J.G. Rohwer. Borderline cases between Ocotea, Nectandra, and Phoebe (Lauraceae): The "marginal" species of the Ocotea helicterifolia-group, including the O. heydeana-group. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 112: 365–397. 1991.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Evergreen trees or shrubs. Leaves usually alternate, occasionally subverticillate or subopposite, the blades penninerved. Inflorescence generally axillary or sub- terminal, paniculate. Flowers usually perfect, occasionally dioecious, usually distinctly pedicellate. Perianth-tube conspicuous or lacking entirely. Perianth- lobes equal or at most subequal, thin and membranaceous to thick, fleshy and papillose, mostly deciduous. Two outer series of stamens in the perfect flowers variously shaped with filaments of varying lengths; anthers with or without con- nective tissue, with 4 introrse cells arranged in 2 planes, one above the other. Inner series of stamens with longer filaments bearing 2 sessile or stipitate glands varying in size and shape; anthers with 4 cells extrorse, or the 2 upper lateral and the 2 lower extrorse. Staminodia, if present, usually aborted. Gynaecium usually entirely glabrous, the style rarely pubescent. Stigma usually conspicuously tri- angular and often decurrent, occasionally inconspicuous and somewhat discoid. First three series of stamens of dioecious pistillate flowers replaced by staminodia with variously developed anthers; gynaecium as in perfect flowers. Stamens of staminate flowers well developed; gynaecium absent or aborted. Fruit a berry borne in a usually simple-margined cupule that is flat and disk-like or campanulate to hemispherical, with an undulate margin supported by an enlarged pedicel.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
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    Arbustos o árboles, hermafroditas o dioicos. Hojas alternas (en CR), la lámina pinnadamente nervada o (raramente) subtriplinervada. Infls. paniculadas o (a veces) racemosas. Fls. bisexuales o unisexuales; tépalos 6,  en 2 verticilos iguales o subiguales; estambres fértiles 9, separados, en 3 verticilos, los 3 estambres internos con 2 glándulas en la base; anteras dehiscentes por 4 válvulas sobrepuestas; estaminodios ausentes ó 3 y muy po- bremente desarrollados; ovario glabro o (raramente) puberulento; estigma simple a discoide o capitado (rara- mente 2 ó 3-lobulado). Frs. sostenidos por una cúpula pateliforme a hemisférica, el borde ondulado o (raramente) 6-lobulado.

  • Provided by: [F].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
  • Morphology

    Fruit drupaceous, partially enveloped by the accrescent receptacle and acorn-like in appearance in some species.

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    Female flowers: as in hermaphrodite flowers but stamens rudimentary.

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    • 8
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    Inflorescence of cymules arranged in axillary or subterminal panicles.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves alternate, rarely sub-opposite, simple, pinnately-nerved, sometimes also 3-nerved near the base, membranous to coriaceous, glabrous or pubescent.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Evergreen trees or shrubs.

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    Tepals 6, subequal, usually spreading.

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    Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual; receptacle broadly obconic, enlarging in fruit to form a truncate or 6-lobed cupule.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 8
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    Male flowers: similar but ovary sterile, stalk-like or lacking.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Hermaphrodite flowers: fertile stamens 9 in 3 whorls adnate to the tepals, those of the third whorl with lateral glandular appendages at the base, filaments short; staminodes 3 in a fourth (innermost) whorl situated on the receptacle; ovary ovoid, usually glabrous.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 8
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    Leaves alternate, thin to coriaceous, glabrous or hairy

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Mostly dioecious or polygamous trees or shrubs

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Male flowers: similar but ovary sterile, stalk-like or lacking

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 9
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    Female flowers: as in hermaphrodite flowers but stamens rudimentary, barren

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 9
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    Fruits ellipsoid or globose, seated to enclosed in an enlarged cupular receptacle which is truncate or 6-toothed or 6-lobed from the persistent perianth-lobes.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers small, hermaphrodite or unisexual in axillary or subterminal panicles

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    • 9
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    Perianth with or without a tube; lobes 6 or 8, equal, usually deciduous

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    Hermaphrodite flowers: stamens in 3 or 4 whorls, the outer 3 fertile the inner if present reduced to slender staminodes; anthers 4-thecous, introrse in two outer whorls, ± extrorse in third whorl; filaments very short or lacking, those of third whorl with a sessile or very rarely stipitate gland at each side at base

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ovary ovoid, ellipsoid or subglobose, longer or shorter than the style, usually glabrous

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Habit

    trees shrubs

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A genus consisting of approximately 340 recognized species centerad, except for 27 or so which occur in Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands, in tropical America. About -21 of the American species are to be found in the West Indies, 5 in Mexico, 29 in Central America, and 'the remaining in South America, the South American ones being native to Brazil.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
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    Included Species

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Lauraceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).