Murdannia Royle
  • Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 1: 403, pl. 95, f. 3. 1839.
  • [In honor of Murdan Aly, plant collector and keeper of the herbarium at Saharunpore]

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Murdannia Royle. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 15 Jun 2021'

General Information

Herbs perennial, sometimes annual. Roots often fusiform thickened. Rhizomes present or absent. Stems creeping or ascending, sometimes scapiform. Leaves alternate and linear, or in a basal rosette on infertile main stems. Cincinni solitary or numerous, forming panicles, sometimes shortened into heads, sometimes reduced to solitary flowers. Flowers actinomorphic. Sepals free, shallowly to strongly boat-shaped. Petals free, purple, blue, pink, yellow, or nearly white, orbicular or obovate. Fertile stamens 3, sometimes 1(or 2) abortive; filaments glabrous or hairy; anther locules longitudinally dehiscent; staminodes (absent to)3(or 4), inserted opposite petals; antherodes sagittate or 3-sect. Ovary 3-loculed; ovules 1--7 per locule. Capsule 3-valved, ovoid, ellipsoid, or globose. Seeds 1 or 2 per valve, uniseriate, quadrangular, reticulate, pitted, rugose, or verrucose; hilum orbicular.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Herbs, annual or perennial. Roots thin [tuberous]. Leaves: blade sessile. Inflorescences terminal, terminal and axillary, or all axillary, thyrses to fascicles of 1-flowered cymes; spathaceous bracts absent; bracteoles persistent or caducous. Flowers bisexual or bisexual and staminate, radially or bilaterally symmetric; pedicels well developed; sepals distinct, subequal; petals distinct, white to purple or violet, rarely yellow, subequal, not clawed; stamens 2--3 fertile and antisepalous, 3--4 staminodial and antipetalous (if 4, then 1 antisepalous); filaments glabrous or bearded; antherodes usually 3-lobed; ovary 3-locular, ovules 1--many per locule, 1[--2]-seriate. Capsules 3-valved, 3-locular. Seeds 1--many per locule, 1[--2]-seriate; hilum punctiform to linear; embryotega abaxial to semilateral. x = 6, 7, 9, 10, 11.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    11. Murdannia Royle, nom. cons.

    Por D.R. Hunt.

    Hierbas anuales o perennes. Inflorescencias de cimas solitarias o agregadas en panículas o verticilos. Flores bisexuales, zigomorfas o casi actinomorfas; sépalos 3, iguales, libres; pétalos 3, subiguales, libres; estambres 3-6, el verticilo externo generalmente fértil, a veces uno como estaminodio o ausente, el verticilo interno como estaminodio o raramente uno o más ausentes; estaminodios hastados o 3-lobados en el ápice; ovario 3-locular. Cápsula desigualmente 3-valvada; semillas con un hilo linear a puntiforme y un embriotegio lateral a dorsal. 40-45 spp. Trópicos del Viejo Mundo, 1 sp. introducida en América tropical.

    La única especie es Murdannia nudiflora.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • 1
    • ]. 


    Murdannia nudiflora (L.) Brenan, Kew Bull. 7: 189. 1952; Commelina nudiflora L.

    Anuales; tallos débiles, postrados o decumbentes, enraizando en los nudos; plantas hermafroditas. Hojas angostamente lanceoladas o lineares, 3–6 cm de largo y 0.3–0.7 cm de ancho, agudo-redondeadas en el ápice, subamplexicaules en la base, escasamente pilosas o glabras. Inflorescencias generalmente cimas solitarias, ca 5–8 flores, pedúnculos 2–5 cm de largo o más, pedicelos ca 3 mm de largo en la antesis, 4–5 mm de largo en el fruto, rígidos, glabros, cima con ca 5–8 flores zigomorfas; sépalos 3, iguales, libres, 2 mm de largo, glabros; pétalos 3, subiguales, libres, ca 2 mm de largo, blancos, azules o rosado-purpúreos; estambres fértiles 2, estaminodios 2–4, filamentos barbados. Cápsula subigualmente 3-valvada, las valvas apiculadas, 3–4 mm de largo, persistentes; semillas con hilo punctiforme a linear y embriotegio dorsal a lateral.

    Común, maleza en campos húmedos y tierras cultivadas, zonas pacífica y atlántica; 30–400 m; fl y fr jul–ene; Ortiz 259, Stevens 4288; nativa de Asia e introducida en América tropical. Un género con 40–45 especies nativo de los trópicos del Viejo Mundo.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    "Fls virtually regular, produced singly or in clusters from the axils of normal or somewhat reduced foliage lvs; stamens 3 + 3, regularly disposed, but only the antesepalous ones (or 2 of them) fertile, the others staminodial; ovary and fr trilocular; herbs with leafy stems, often freely branched. 50, trop."

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 



    Faden, R. B. 1978. Review of the lectotypification of Aneilema R. Br. (Commelinaceae). Taxon 27: 289--298. Shinners, L. H. 1962. Aneilema (Commelinaceae) in the United States. Sida 1: 100--101.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    [In honor of Murdan Aly, plant collector and keeper of the herbarium at Saharunpore]

     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).