Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary or less often in 2–few-flowered cymes, terminal or extra-axillary or on shoots from which leaves have fallen, pedicellate, sometimes very conspicuously so; bracteole single, often large and leafy, usually amplexicaul, persistent
Carpels several, united into a conical or globose 1-celled ovary with numerous ovules and parietal placentation; stigmas sessile, radiating
Stamens numerous, oblong, cuneiform or almost globose; filaments absent; anther-cells extrorse; connective-prolongation thickened
Petals 6 in 2 whorls of 3, both valvate, unequal, all united at the base, very often with markedly crisped or undulate margins, the outer broad at the base, usually spreading or curved, inner ± clawed, often with the apices connivent at the tips until flower is very mature
Sepals 3, valvate, free, shorter than the petals
Seeds irregularly arranged, mostly shining brown; aril absent.
Fruit syncarpous, globose, ellipsoid or obovoid, with numerous seeds and leathery or woody pericarp
Trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing or scrambling, glabrous or with simple hairs; young stems often glaucous, frequently drying black as do the young leaves
Trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing or scrambling, glabrous or with simple hairs, with young shoots which frequently blacken and become brittle on drying.
Petals 6, in two unequal whorls, both valvate, all united at the base, often with undulate margins, the outer ones broad at the base, usually spreading or reflexed, the inner ones ± unguiculate, usually connivent at the apices or erect.
Sepals 3, valvate, much shorter than the petals, free.
Bracteole solitary, usually amplexicaul, persistent, often foliaceous.
Flowers bisexual, solitary or more rarely paired or in few-flowered cymes, terminal or extra-axillary or in the axils of fallen leaves, pedicellate.
Seeds irregularly arranged, shining; aril absent.
Fruit a coriaceous or ligneous berry, globose to ellipsoid or obovoid, many-seeded.
Carpels several, united to form a 1-locular globose or conic ovary with parietal placentation and numerous ovules; stigmas sessile, radiating.