Mammea L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 512. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Mammee- or mamey-apple [Latin mamma, breast or teat, alluding to fruit] I


This taxon is accepted by Calophyllaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Trees, glabrous, without stilt or loop roots. Stems terete. Leaves: petiole caniculate, without adaxial protuberance; blade coriaceous, venation closely pinnate, without clear submarginal vein, with tertiary venation prominent between lateral veins, with glandular dots in areoles. Inflorescences fasciculate or flowers solitary; peduncle absent; bracts absent. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, stellate; sepals persistent, 2(or 3), completely connate in bud, splitting into 2 irregular valves; stamens not fascicled; style thick, very short. Fruits baccate; pericarp firm, rough. Seeds 2–4. x = 16.

MAMMEA L.

Por Barry E. Hammel

Mammea americana L., Sp. Pl. 512. 1753.

Arboles, 4–20 m de alto, ramitas con conspicuos fascículos de cicatrices de las escamas de las yemas, látex amarillo, escaso; plantas dioicas. Hojas elípticas, 10–15 (–20) cm de largo y 7–10 cm de ancho, ápice redondeado, base aguda a redondeada, punteado-pelúcidas, nervios laterales principales a 0.5–1.5 cm de distancia, pero difíciles de distinguir de los nervios reticulados intermedios y junto con estos nervios formando 7 u 8 nervios por cm; pecíolos 0.6–1 cm de largo. Inflorescencias fascículos de 1 a varias flores generalmente abrazadas por las cicatrices de las hojas y brotando en las partes afilas de las ramas, flores globosas, ca 1 cm de diámetro en yema, blancas; flores estaminadas solamente con estambres, pero al menos algunas flores pistiladas con estambres; sépalos fusionados y separándose irregularmente en la antesis; pétalos 4–6; estambres numerosos; estilo no elevado, ca 3 mm de largo, estigma peltado, lobado. Fruto una baya globosa, ca 10–15 cm de diámetro al madurar, con la cáscara café clara, coriácea, dura y pulpa anaranjada y comestible, látex blanco; semillas 1–4, oblongas, ca 3–5 cm de largo.

Mayormente en bosques deciduos, algo alterados, cultivada por sus frutos comestibles y como árboles de sombra en los cafetales, en todo el país; 0–700 m; fl abr–sep, fr jul–feb; Stevens 7196, 21530; América tropical. Género con ca 50 especies, 2 en América y el resto en Africa, Madagascar e Indomalasia. "Mamey".

Polygamous glabrous, tree; foliage dark green; sap yellow. Leaves opposite, entire, elliptical, coriaceous, the costa prominent, lateral veins numerous in two series, anastomosing only near the margin or forming a reticulum over most of the surface, submarginal vein not defined, minor venation forming a reticulum, evanescent towards the costa, the areoles punctate. Inflorescences of solitary flowers fascicles in the axils of mature leaves or mature wood; pedicels stout. Flower buds globose; sepals 2(-3), coriaceous; petals 4-6, white or pink; stamens numerous, crowded, basally united in several whorls, the anthers longitudinally dehiscent; ovary 2-4-locular, the style short, the stigma peltate 2-4-lobed; ovules 1-2 per locule, erect. Fruit a leathery berry, sometimes large, the exocarp, co- riaceous, the mesocarp orange or yellow, fleshy, sometimes copious; seeds large, oblong or slightly arcuate.

Distribution

widespread in the Caribbean area, a new species in Panama

Common Names

NameLanguage
Mammee- or mamey-apple [Latin mamma, breast or teat, alluding to fruit] I

 Information From

Calophyllaceae
World Flora Online Data. 2017.
  • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
MBG Floras Images
http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
  • B Missouri Botanical Garden
Flora de Panama
http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
  • C Missouri Botanical Garden
Flora of North America @ efloras.org
http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  • D Flora of North America Association
Flora de Nicaragua
http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
  • E Missouri Botanical Garden
World Flora Online consortium
http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
World Flora Online Data. 2018.
  • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).