Listera R. Br.
  • Hortus Kew. 5: 201. 1813.
  • [For Martin Lister (1638–1711), noted English physician and naturalist]

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Listera R. Br. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 27 Jan 2021'

General Information

Herbs, perennial, terrestrial. Roots slender, fibrous. Stems slender to stout, glabrous proximal to leaves; cauline bracts 2(–3), enclosing base of stem. Leaves 2(–3, rarely), at apex of stem, opposite or subopposite, sessile, glabrous. Inflorescences terminal, 2–100-flowered racemes; peduncle and rachis densely glandular-pubescent or glabrate; floral bracts inconspicuous, lanceolate, elliptic, suborbiculate-ovate, rhombic-ovate, or oblong. Flowers resupinate, maroon-purple, yellowish green to dark green, blue-green, or pinkish tan; dorsal sepal ovate-elliptic, elliptic-obovate, linear-elliptic, or lanceolate; lateral sepals semiorbiculate-elliptic, ovate, linear-elliptic, or oblong-lanceolate, often falcate-recurved; petals reflexed, spreading, or connivent, linear, linear-oblong to lanceolate, or elliptic, falcate; lip prominently deflexed or not, sessile or clawed, linear-oblong to obovate, suborbiculate-ovate, or ovate-reniform, base of lip with or without prominent auricles or lobes, apex deeply 2-lobed, dilated to rounded, apiculate; calli various, papillose, pair of horns, or with 1–2 lamellae; column arcuate, thick, short, apex expanded or not; anther on adaxial side of column near apex; pollinia 2, yellow, soft; ovaries pedicellate. Fruits capsules, horizontal to semierect, ellipsoid, ovoid, or subglobose, glabrous or glabrate to glandular-pubescent.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Sep and lateral pet much alike, spreading or reflexed; lip declined or projecting horizontally, in our spp. much longer than the lateral pet, 2-lobed or 2-cleft; column erect, shorter than the pet, the anther borne on its back near the tip; pollinia 2; stem bearing a single pair of broad, opposite, sessile lvs near its middle and a terminal raceme of small, green to purple or red fls; our spp. glabrous below the lvs, ± pubescent above them. 25, N. Hemis."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    [For Martin Lister (1638–1711), noted English physician and naturalist]


     Information From

    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).