Leucojum L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 289. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Snowflake, nivéole [Greek leukos, white, and ion, violet, alluding to the color and scent of the flowers]

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Leucojum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000021548. Accessed on: 20 Sep 2020'

General Information

Herbs, perennial, scapose, from brown, globose to ovoid, tunicate bulb. Leaves several; blade linear-ligulate, base sheathing. Scape stout, hollow [slender, solid]. Inflorescences umbellate, 2–5(–7)-flowered, spathaceous; spathe bracts 2, free or entirely adnate on 1 side, appearing monophyllous. Flowers nodding; perianth campanulate; tepals 6, distinct, oblanceolate to ovate, equal; stamens 6, distinct; anthers basifixed, conic, longer than filaments, blunt apically, dehiscing by terminal pores; ovary inferior, green, 3-locular, globose, septal nectaries present; style filiform or clavate, exceeding anthers; stigma minutely capitate. Fruits capsular, erect, pyriform to subglobose, dehiscence loculicidal; pericarp somewhat fleshy. Seeds numerous, black, appendages absent. x = 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Fls regular, the 6 equal, distinct tep forming a funnelform or campanulate perianth; anthers opening at the apex, on short filaments; ovules numerous in each of the 3 locules of the inferior ovary; seeds rounded; perennial herbs from a coated bulb, with elongate, linear, basal lvs and an erect hollow scape; fls solitary or few in an umbel, peduncled, subtended by 1 or 2 bracts. 12, mainly Mediterranean."

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 



    Crespo, M. B. M., D. Lledo, M. F. Fay, and M. W. Chase. 1996. Molecular phylogeny of Leucojum based on ITS sequences. [Abstract.] Amer. J. Bot. 83(6, suppl.): 149. Stern, F. C. 1956. Snowdrops and Snowflakes—A Study of the Genera Galanthus and Leucojum. London.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Snowflake, nivéole [Greek leukos, white, and ion, violet, alluding to the color and scent of the flowers]


     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).