Kalanchoe Adans.
  • Fam. Pl. 2: 248. 1763.
  • [Apparently from Chinese name for one of the species]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Kalanchoe Adans. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000019783. Accessed on: 22 Jun 2021'

General Information

3. Kalanchoe Adans.

Bryophyllum Salisb.

Por F.R. Barrie.

Hierbas perennes, subarbustos o arbustos, glabros o pelosos, los tricomas simples o glandulares; algunas especies vivíparas, produciendo plántulas a lo largo de los márgenes de las hojas o en las axilas de las hojas; tallos erectos, suculentos, simples o ramificados. Hojas alternas u opuestas, simples o compuestas, carnosas, los márgenes crenados, serrados o dentados, pecioladas. Inflorescencias terminales, corimbiformes o en tirsos paniculiformes, las flores erectas o péndulas. Flores 4-meras; sépalos libres o connatos formando un tubo, este inflado basalmente en algunas especies; pétalos verde pálido, amarillos, anaranjados, rojos o color púrpura, connatos y formando un tubo, la garganta abierta o constricta; estambres (4-)8, los filamentos adnatos al tubo de la corola; carpelos 4; óvulos numerosos. Folículos envueltos en el cáliz persistente; semillas numerosas. Aprox. 140 spp. Nativo de Madagascar, sur y trópicos de África, Arabia, trópicos del sureste de Asia; introducido en otros sitios.

Numerosas especies se cultivan y algunas se naturalizan localmente. De acuerdo a la evidencia de ejemplares de herbario, cuatro especies se han naturalizado en Mesoamérica, aunque hay más que son cultivadas. Brunner (2001: 687-689) registró varias especies cultivadas pero aparentemente no se han naturalizado en Nicaragua: Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Poelln., una hierba c. 30 cm o menos, con numerosas flores de 1.5-2 cm, rojo escarlata (Robleto 798, MO) y K. gastonis-bonnieri Ryam.-Hamet et H. Perrier, una hierba de hasta 1 m, con corolas hasta de 37 mm, amarillas (Stevens 23518, MO). Además, otras especies registradas en la literatura o representadas en herbarios, incluyen: K. beharensis Drake (ES: Montalvo 6235, MO); K. carnea N.E. Br. (H: Nelson, 2008); K. flammea Stapf (T: Cowan, 1983); K. glaucescens Britten (H: Nelson, 2008; P: Correa 1252, MO); K. laciniata (L.) DC. (C: Martínez S. et al., 2001); K. paniculata Harv. (H: Nelson, 2008); y K. rosei Raym.-Hamet et H.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Herbs sometimes biennial, subshrubs, or shrubs. Roots usually fibrous. Leaves opposite, petiolate or sessile, usually amplexicaul; leaf blade margin entire, dentate, crenate, or leaves pinnate. Inflorescences terminal, cymose, sometimes also with subterminal cymes and thus paniculate, many flowered; bracts small. Flowers bisexual, erect, 4-merous. Sepals free or basally subconnate, triangular to lanceolate, usually shorter than corolla tube. Corolla yellow (or white, red, pink, or orange), salverform; tube subquadrangular or basally inflated and urn-shaped, base slightly narrowed; lobes longer than tube. Stamens 2 × as many as petals, inserted near middle of corolla tube; filaments unequal in length, usually very short. Nectar scales linear to suborbicular. Carpels erect. Styles short or long. Follicles many seeded. Seeds ellipsoid.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    KALANCHOE Adans.; Bryophyllum Salisb.

    Hierbas a arbustos, raramente bejucos, monocárpicos a perennes. Hojas decusadas a verticiladas, suculentas, simples a pinnadas, sésiles a pecioladas, frecuentemente amplexicaules, los márgenes enteros o más frecuentemente crenados, a veces con los dientes modificados a espolones cimbiformes en cuyos senos nacen bulbilos que, al caer, reproducen la planta asexualmente. Inflorescencias de cimas terminales opuestas, flores 4-meras; sépalos libres o connados en un tubo frecuentemente inflado; corola tubular en general con una constricción encima del ovario, los lóbulos más cortos que el tubo; estambres (4) 8.

    Género con ca 125 especies distribuidas en los trópicos y subtrópicos del Viejo Mundo, mayormente en Africa y Madagascar; en Nicaragua se encuentran 5 especies y un híbrido, todos introducidos al país como hortícolas, algunas de ellas escapan fácilmente de cultivo y están naturalizadas en sitios ruderales o perturbados.

    L.H. Bailey y E.Z. Bailey, revised and expanded by staff of Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. Kalanchoe. In: Hortus Third, a Concise Dictionary of Plants Cultivated in the United States and Canada. 620–623. 1976.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Herbs [shrubs], perennial, not viviparous, 0.3-6 dm, glabrous or pubescent. Stems erect [scandent], branching, succulent. Leaves persistent, cauline, opposite [alternate], petiolate [sessile], base (or petiole) often subclasping; petiole to 20 cm; blade elliptic, ovate, obovate, or oblong-spatulate, laminar, 3-20 cm, fleshy, base not spurred, margins entire, crenate-dentate, or lobed; veins not conspicuous. Inflorescences terminal [lateral] cymes, often paniculate. Pedicels present. Flowers erect, 4-merous; sepals connate basally, all alike; petals erect or spreading, connate into 4-gonal, flask-shaped tube, yellow, orange, or red; calyx and corolla not circumscissile in fruit; nectaries subquadrate to linear; stamens [4] usually 8; filaments adnate near top of corolla tube; pistils (connivent), erect, (nearly distinct); ovary base tapered; styles mostly 2+ times shorter than ovary. Fruits erect. Seeds ellipsoid, ribbed, finely cross-ribbed. x = 18.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Hierbas (en CR) terrestres o (a veces) epilíticas, perennes, los tallos ramificados. Hojas opuestas o verticiladas, sésiles o pecioladas, simples o pinnadamente compuestas. Infls. cimosas, corimbosas o paniculadas. Fls. pediceladas; sépalos 4, a veces connatos y que forman un tubo inflado; pétalos 4, connatos en una corola en forma de trompeta; estambres 8; pistilos 4, ligeramente connatos basalmente, luego separados. Frs. de 4 folículos.

  • Provided by: [J].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
  • Morphology

    Flowers 4-merous, the occasional aberrant flower 3- or 5-merous

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Calyx shorter than or sometimes equalling the corolla-tube, deeply 4-lobed or 4-fid

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Corolla tubular for at least two-thirds of its length, gibbous at the base; lobes spreading or reflexed

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Biennial or perennial, rarely annual succulent herbs or subshrubs

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Leaves usually opposite, entire or deeply incised, or 3-foliate or pinnately 5-foliate

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence terminal, usually many-flowered corymbose or paniculate cymes

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Carpels 4, free to slightly connate at the base; styles usually shorter than the ovaries; ovules numerous.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Stamens 8, in 2 series, usually included; filaments inserted on the corolla-tube

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Nectary scales 4

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Seeds numerous, oblong, with longitudinally rugose tegument.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Carpels 4, slightly connate at the base; styles usually shorter than the ovaries.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Scales semi-orbicular to linear, entire, crenulate or ± emarginate at the top.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Biennial or perennial or sometimes annual succulent herbs often with subrosulate leaves and scape-like inflorescence-axes, sometimes undershrubs or shrubs.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Leaves usually opposite and decussate, connate at the base, the lower more or less approximate, the uppermost bract-like, sessile or petiolate; lamina undivided or rarely pinnatifid, entire, crenate or serrate, usually flat, sometimes semiterete, fleshy-succulent, sometimes thin.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences terminal, panicle- or corymb-like or thyrsoid, composed of cymes, usually many-flowered.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Flowers 4-merous, erect, 4; pedicellate, medium-sized or ± large.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Calyx shorter than or sometimes equalling the corolla-tube, completely green or lineolate with purple or red; sepals nearly free or more or less connate, rarely up to or beyond the middle.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Corolla gamopetalous along at least the lower 2/3; tube ± distinctly 4-angled, rounded and swollen near the base, usually constricted upwards; lobes 4, spreading or reflexed or erect and sometimes connivent, ± succulent, sometimes minutely papillose above, usually apiculate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Stamens 8, usually included; filaments ± connate with the corolla-tube, free above the middle of the tube; anthers ovate or oblong.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Plantes'le plus souvent sous-arbustives, atteignant rarement de grandes dimensions; tiges ± robustes, presque toujours érigées simples ou très rarement ramifiées.'Feuilles'généralement opposées, décussées, rarement alternes, parfois très rapprochées et semblant alors subrosu-lées-verticillées ; limbe crénelé ou entier, rarement pennatiséqué, souvent décurrent sur le pétiole, celui-ci embrassant ± la tige.'Inflorescences'paniculiformes ou corymbiformes, rarement racémeuses, composées de cymes bipares le plus souvent rameuses, parfois simples, terminant la tige. L'indument des feuilles et des inflorescences chez les espèces poilues est le plus souvent glanduleux.'Fleurs'4-mères, toujours pédicellées, mumes ou non de bractées; calice à préfloraison valvaire, à sépales ± longuement soudés, deltoïdes ou lancéolés, généralement plus court que le tube de la corolle; corolle toujours gamopétale, à tube ± cylindrique mais le plus souvent urcéolé, à lobes généralement plus courts que le tube, étalés ou récurvés, rétrécis à la base; androcée toujours composé de 8 étamines bisériées, toutes anthérifères; filets légèrement aplatis, ± longuement concrescents à la corolle; gynécée à 4 carpelles un peu soudés à la base, convergents ou divergents, rétrécis en un style terminé par un stigmate capité; squamules semi-orbicu-laires, quadrangulaires ou linéaires, entières ou ± émarginées.'Follicules'membraneux.'Graines nombreuses, oblongues, ± aplaties à subailées aux bords; tégument ridé longitudinalement\n\t\t\t\tCe genre groupe plus de 200 espèces. D'origine malgache, il est largement réparti en Afrique tropicale, en Afrique du Sud, en Arabie, aux Indes, à Ceylan, en Chine, en Indochine, en Malaisie, à Formose, à Java et en Amérique (1 espèce). Pour la systématique du groupe, nous suivons Raymond-Hamet 1 qui considère comme insuffisants les carac-tères employés pour distinguer'Bryophyllum'Salisb. de'Kalanchoe Adans. et n'admet que ce dernier genre.

  • Provided by: [K].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    [Apparently from Chinese name for one of the species]

     Information From

    Crassulaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • K http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • L CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).