Kalanchoe Adans.
  • Fam. Pl. 2: 248. 1763.
  • [Apparently from Chinese name for one of the species]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Kalanchoe Adans. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000019783. Accessed on: 06 Apr 2020'

General Information

3. Kalanchoe Adans.

Bryophyllum Salisb.

Por F.R. Barrie.

Hierbas perennes, subarbustos o arbustos, glabros o pelosos, los tricomas simples o glandulares; algunas especies vivíparas, produciendo plántulas a lo largo de los márgenes de las hojas o en las axilas de las hojas; tallos erectos, suculentos, simples o ramificados. Hojas alternas u opuestas, simples o compuestas, carnosas, los márgenes crenados, serrados o dentados, pecioladas. Inflorescencias terminales, corimbiformes o en tirsos paniculiformes, las flores erectas o péndulas. Flores 4-meras; sépalos libres o connatos formando un tubo, este inflado basalmente en algunas especies; pétalos verde pálido, amarillos, anaranjados, rojos o color púrpura, connatos y formando un tubo, la garganta abierta o constricta; estambres (4-)8, los filamentos adnatos al tubo de la corola; carpelos 4; óvulos numerosos. Folículos envueltos en el cáliz persistente; semillas numerosas. Aprox. 140 spp. Nativo de Madagascar, sur y trópicos de África, Arabia, trópicos del sureste de Asia; introducido en otros sitios.

Numerosas especies se cultivan y algunas se naturalizan localmente. De acuerdo a la evidencia de ejemplares de herbario, cuatro especies se han naturalizado en Mesoamérica, aunque hay más que son cultivadas. Brunner (2001: 687-689) registró varias especies cultivadas pero aparentemente no se han naturalizado en Nicaragua: Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Poelln., una hierba c. 30 cm o menos, con numerosas flores de 1.5-2 cm, rojo escarlata (Robleto 798, MO) y K. gastonis-bonnieri Ryam.-Hamet et H. Perrier, una hierba de hasta 1 m, con corolas hasta de 37 mm, amarillas (Stevens 23518, MO). Además, otras especies registradas en la literatura o representadas en herbarios, incluyen: K. beharensis Drake (ES: Montalvo 6235, MO); K. carnea N.E. Br. (H: Nelson, 2008); K. flammea Stapf (T: Cowan, 1983); K. glaucescens Britten (H: Nelson, 2008; P: Correa 1252, MO); K. laciniata (L.) DC. (C: Martínez S. et al., 2001); K. paniculata Harv. (H: Nelson, 2008); y K. rosei Raym.-Hamet et H.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Herbs sometimes biennial, subshrubs, or shrubs. Roots usually fibrous. Leaves opposite, petiolate or sessile, usually amplexicaul; leaf blade margin entire, dentate, crenate, or leaves pinnate. Inflorescences terminal, cymose, sometimes also with subterminal cymes and thus paniculate, many flowered; bracts small. Flowers bisexual, erect, 4-merous. Sepals free or basally subconnate, triangular to lanceolate, usually shorter than corolla tube. Corolla yellow (or white, red, pink, or orange), salverform; tube subquadrangular or basally inflated and urn-shaped, base slightly narrowed; lobes longer than tube. Stamens 2 × as many as petals, inserted near middle of corolla tube; filaments unequal in length, usually very short. Nectar scales linear to suborbicular. Carpels erect. Styles short or long. Follicles many seeded. Seeds ellipsoid.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    KALANCHOE Adans.; Bryophyllum Salisb.

    Hierbas a arbustos, raramente bejucos, monocárpicos a perennes. Hojas decusadas a verticiladas, suculentas, simples a pinnadas, sésiles a pecioladas, frecuentemente amplexicaules, los márgenes enteros o más frecuentemente crenados, a veces con los dientes modificados a espolones cimbiformes en cuyos senos nacen bulbilos que, al caer, reproducen la planta asexualmente. Inflorescencias de cimas terminales opuestas, flores 4-meras; sépalos libres o connados en un tubo frecuentemente inflado; corola tubular en general con una constricción encima del ovario, los lóbulos más cortos que el tubo; estambres (4) 8.

    Género con ca 125 especies distribuidas en los trópicos y subtrópicos del Viejo Mundo, mayormente en Africa y Madagascar; en Nicaragua se encuentran 5 especies y un híbrido, todos introducidos al país como hortícolas, algunas de ellas escapan fácilmente de cultivo y están naturalizadas en sitios ruderales o perturbados.

    L.H. Bailey y E.Z. Bailey, revised and expanded by staff of Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. Kalanchoe. In: Hortus Third, a Concise Dictionary of Plants Cultivated in the United States and Canada. 620–623. 1976.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Herbs [shrubs], perennial, not viviparous, 0.3-6 dm, glabrous or pubescent. Stems erect [scandent], branching, succulent. Leaves persistent, cauline, opposite [alternate], petiolate [sessile], base (or petiole) often subclasping; petiole to 20 cm; blade elliptic, ovate, obovate, or oblong-spatulate, laminar, 3-20 cm, fleshy, base not spurred, margins entire, crenate-dentate, or lobed; veins not conspicuous. Inflorescences terminal [lateral] cymes, often paniculate. Pedicels present. Flowers erect, 4-merous; sepals connate basally, all alike; petals erect or spreading, connate into 4-gonal, flask-shaped tube, yellow, orange, or red; calyx and corolla not circumscissile in fruit; nectaries subquadrate to linear; stamens [4] usually 8; filaments adnate near top of corolla tube; pistils (connivent), erect, (nearly distinct); ovary base tapered; styles mostly 2+ times shorter than ovary. Fruits erect. Seeds ellipsoid, ribbed, finely cross-ribbed. x = 18.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Hierbas (en CR) terrestres o (a veces) epilíticas, perennes, los tallos ramificados. Hojas opuestas o verticiladas, sésiles o pecioladas, simples o pinnadamente compuestas. Infls. cimosas, corimbosas o paniculadas. Fls. pediceladas; sépalos 4, a veces connatos y que forman un tubo inflado; pétalos 4, connatos en una corola en forma de trompeta; estambres 8; pistilos 4, ligeramente connatos basalmente, luego separados. Frs. de 4 folículos.

  • Provided by: [J].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
  • Morphology

    Flowers 4-merous, the occasional aberrant flower 3- or 5-merous

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Calyx shorter than or sometimes equalling the corolla-tube, deeply 4-lobed or 4-fid

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Corolla tubular for at least two-thirds of its length, gibbous at the base; lobes spreading or reflexed

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Biennial or perennial, rarely annual succulent herbs or subshrubs

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Leaves usually opposite, entire or deeply incised, or 3-foliate or pinnately 5-foliate

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence terminal, usually many-flowered corymbose or paniculate cymes

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Carpels 4, free to slightly connate at the base; styles usually shorter than the ovaries; ovules numerous.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Stamens 8, in 2 series, usually included; filaments inserted on the corolla-tube

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Nectary scales 4

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Seeds numerous, oblong, with longitudinally rugose tegument.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Carpels 4, slightly connate at the base; styles usually shorter than the ovaries.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Scales semi-orbicular to linear, entire, crenulate or ± emarginate at the top.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Biennial or perennial or sometimes annual succulent herbs often with subrosulate leaves and scape-like inflorescence-axes, sometimes undershrubs or shrubs.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Leaves usually opposite and decussate, connate at the base, the lower more or less approximate, the uppermost bract-like, sessile or petiolate; lamina undivided or rarely pinnatifid, entire, crenate or serrate, usually flat, sometimes semiterete, fleshy-succulent, sometimes thin.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences terminal, panicle- or corymb-like or thyrsoid, composed of cymes, usually many-flowered.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Flowers 4-merous, erect, 4; pedicellate, medium-sized or ± large.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Calyx shorter than or sometimes equalling the corolla-tube, completely green or lineolate with purple or red; sepals nearly free or more or less connate, rarely up to or beyond the middle.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Corolla gamopetalous along at least the lower 2/3; tube ± distinctly 4-angled, rounded and swollen near the base, usually constricted upwards; lobes 4, spreading or reflexed or erect and sometimes connivent, ± succulent, sometimes minutely papillose above, usually apiculate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Stamens 8, usually included; filaments ± connate with the corolla-tube, free above the middle of the tube; anthers ovate or oblong.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    [Apparently from Chinese name for one of the species]

     Information From

    Crassulaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).