Gymnosiphon Blume
  • Enum. Pl. Javae 1: 29. 1827.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Gymnosiphon Blume. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000016523. Accessed on: 01 Apr 2020'

General Information

3. Gymnosiphon Blume

Ptychomeria Benth., Benitzia Karsten

Por P.J.M. Maas y H. Maas-van de Kamer.

Hierbas saprofíticas. Rizoma cilíndrico, ligeramente tuberoso; escamas angostamente ovadas a subuladas. Inflorescencia una cima bifurcada, laxa a capitada, cada cincino con 1-17 flores. Flores erectas, hipocraterimorfas, a veces sésiles. Tépalos externos 3-lobados; lobos laterales induplicados. Tépalos internos muy pequeños. Tubo floral sin alas. Anteras 3, sésiles; conectivo en su mayoría carente de apéndices. Estilo 3-ramificado en el ápice, cada rama con un estigma hipocrepiforme visto desde arriba, con o sin 2 apéndices filiformes, apicales, tortuosos. Ovario 1-locular, con 3 placentas parietales; cada septo con 2 glándulas septales. Cápsula coronada por la parte persistente (a veces constricta) del tubo floral, la parte superior del tubo floral caduca; dehiscencia longitudinal a lo largo de 3 valvas loculicidas que se separan del ápice a la base, o a lo largo de 6 valvas septicidas que se separan de la base al ápice, o irregular mediante el marchitamiento de la pared membranácea entre las costillas. Semillas tranversalmente elipsoides o fusiformes; funículos muy cortos. Aprox. 25 spp. Trópicos.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Herbs, annual, without chlorophyll, mycotrophic, rhizomatous. Stems simple or branched. Leaves cauline, bractlike, small. Inflorescences terminal, racemes or flower solitary. Perianth tube actinomorphic, salverform, lateral wings absent, without annulus at mouth; tepals 6, apically distinct; outer tepals larger than inner, slightly 3-lobed; inner tepals very small. Stamens 3, sessile on perianth tube; connectives generally not appendaged. Ovary ovoid to globose, 1-loculed, with 3 parietal placentae; placentae each with a large globose gland at both sides of apex; stigmas 3, often appendiculate. Fruit capsular, perianth caducous but perianth base persistent; dehiscence generally irregular or by longitudinal slits.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    GYMNOSIPHON Blume

    Hierbas saprófitas; rizoma ligeramente tuberoso; tallos mayormente no ramificados, blancos. Hojas escamiformes. Inflorescencia una cima bifurcada, cada cincino con 1–17 flores, flores erectas a péndulas, hipocrateriformes, pediceladas; tépalos caducos, dejando un tubo floral desnudo, tépalos exteriores 3-lobados, tépalos internos enteros y mucho más pequeños que los exteriores; anteras subsésiles, conectivo apendiculado; estigmas en forma de herradura con apéndices filiformes, ovario 1-locular. Cápsula erecta, coronada por la parte persistente del tubo floral, dehiscencia longitudinal, las valvas separándose desde la base hacia el ápice.

    Género pantropical con ca 25 especies, 14 de las cuales se encuentran en América tropical; 3 especies se encuentran en Nicaragua. Otra especie se podría encontrar en el país: Gymnosiphon divaricatus (Benth.) Benth. caracterizada por la cápsula más corta que la parte persistente del tubo floral.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Annual, erect, saprophytic herbs; stem simple or branched, 3- to many- flowered, mostly bearing a terminal, double cincinnus; leaves sessile, small, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, scale-like; flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate; perianth con- sisting of a tubular part and a 6-lobed limb, the outer lobes ovate, much larger than the inner; stamens 3, inserted below the inner perianth lobes; anthers sessile, the connective rather broad, exappendiculate or mucronulate, the thecae bursting with a median, horizontal slit; ovary ovoid or nearly globose; placentas 3, parietal, each bearing at both sides of the top a large, globose gland; ovules many, small, the funicles shorter than the ovules; style reaching the insertion of the stamens and branching into 3 short branches, each bearing a stigma which is often ap- pendiculate; perianth limb deciduous below the insertion of the stamens after flowering, the upper part of the style also deciduous with the stamens; perianth tube persistent on the capsule; capsule dehiscing at the top in the Asiatic species, or irregularly in longitudinal direction with 3 clefts between the placentas in the American and African species.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Plantas saprófitas, terrestres. Hojas pequeñas, como escamas. Infl.una cima bifurcada, laxa a capitada, cada cincino con 1–25 fls. Fls.actinomorfas, en forma de trompeta; tubo floral sin alas; tépalos 6, losexternos trilobados, los internos más pequeños y enteros, todos caducospara dejar el tubo floral desnudo; estambres 3, erectos; ovario 1-locular.Frs. con dehiscencia loculicida, septicida o irregular.

  • Provided by: [G].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Capsule subglobose, ellipsoid or club-shaped, crowned by the persistent perianth-base, dehiscing apically or longitudinally

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Seeds ovoid or subglobose, reticulate, rugose without appendages.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Stamens 3, inserted near the mouth of the perianth-tube below the inner tepals; anthers sessile, oblong to globose, dehiscing transversely; connective broad, short and thin, not appendiculate but sometimes apiculate

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Perianth tubular, not winged, circumscissile a little below the base of the tepals after flowering; 3 outer tepals often with lateral lobing, triangular-ovate, broad, larger than the 3 inner tepals, which are very small or absent

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Adventitious roots arising from rhizome

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Ovary ovoid or globose, 1-locular, with 3 parietal placentas, each placenta having 2 apical globose glands; style entire or trifid, long or shortly lobed, slim, reaching insertion-point of stamens; upper part of style deciduous with the upper part of perianth; stigma terminal, sometimes producing long filiform tails

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Annual herbs, saprophytic, lacking chlorophyll

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Stems erect, usually unbranched, with few alternate, ovate, triangular or lanceolate, sessile scales sometimes containing suppressed buds

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Imbricating basal leaves clustered at apex of rhizome

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Flowers whitish, actinomorphic, small, sessile or pedicellate

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence a lax or congested, branched cyme, terminal, few-many-flowered, rarely reduced to one flower; cyme branches up to 7 cm. long

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Synonyms

     Information From

    Burmanniaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).