Eryngium L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 232. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Eryngium L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000013959. Accessed on: 03 Dec 2020'

General Information

33. Eryngium L.

Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

Hierbas perennes o bianuales, robustas a delgadas, erectas a postradas y reptantes, esencialmente glabras y generalmente espinosas, con raíces axonomorfas, fasciculares u órganos subterráneos. Hojas principalmente basales o alternas, pecioladas, generalmente coriáceas, pinnado- o palmado-lobadas o divididas a simples y enteras, frecuentemente espinosas o ciliadas, la nervación paralela o reticulada; pecíolos envainadores, a veces septados y/o sin lámina. Inflorescencia capitada, las cabezuelas solitarias a numerosas en cimas, racimos o panículas; involucelo de 1 o rara vez más series de brácteas enteras a lobadas. Flores todas bisexuales, sésiles, con bractéolas individuales del involucelo subyacentes, enteras o lobadas, 1 o más bractéolas terminales salientes como una coma; lobos del cáliz conspicuos, persistentes; pétalos ovados a oblongos, blancos a purpúreos, con un ápice reflexo, entero o dividido, más corto; estilos más largos o más cortos que el cáliz, el estilopodio ausente. Frutos globosos a obovoides, escasamente comprimidos; mericarpos redondeados o aplanados dorsalmente, densamente cubiertos con escamas o tubérculos o las superficies lisas; carpóforo ausente; costillas obsoletas; vitas inconspicuas; cara de las semillas aplanada o ligeramente cóncava. Aprox. 200 spp. Cosmopolita, especialmente bien representada en regiones templadas o cálido húmedas del Nuevo Mundo.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    ERYNGIUM L.

    Hierbas perennes o bianuales, raramente anuales, generalmente glabras y con frecuencia aculeadas. Hojas lineares a orbiculares, simples, enteras y paralelinervias o con más frecuencia pinnadamente o palmadamente espinoso-lobadas o -divididas y con nervadura reticulada; pecíolo envainador. Inflorescencias capítulos solitarios a numerosos y arreglados en cimas, racimos o panículas, generalmente involucrados, flores sésiles o casi sésiles, blancas a azules o moradas; cáliz con dientes prominentes y persistentes; pétalos con el ápice frecuentemente lobado, adelgazado e inflexo; estilos más largos o más cortos que el cáliz; estilopodio y carpóforo ausentes. Fruto globoso a obovoide, terete a dorsalmente aplanado, con comisuras anchas y costillas obsoletas, densamente cubierto por tubérculos o escamas, vitas inconspicuas.

    Un género cosmopolita con unas 200 especies, uno de los más grandes en la familia; al menos la mitad de las especies distribuidas en las regiones templadas y tropicales del Nuevo Mundo; 3 especies se conocen en Nicaragua.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Biennial or perennial, usually glabrous herbs (our species) from stout taproots or rootstocks; stems (when present) prostrate to erect, simple or branched, the leaves mostly petiolate, entire to lobed or divided, usually spinose, the petiole sheathing; inflorescence of solitary to numerous involucrate heads, the flowers all perfect, white, blue, or purple, each subtended by an involucel (floral) bractlet, the petals with an inflexed, lobed to fimbriate apex, the calyx prominent, often spinescent; stylopodium lacking, the styles shorter than to exceeding the calyx, a carpophore lacking; fruit subterete, scaly or tuberculate, the ribs obsolete, the commissure broad, the vittae inconspicuous; seed subterete, its face flat or slightly concave.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Herbs biennial or perennial, caulescent or acaulescent, usually glabrous. Taproot fusiform or stout. Stem solitary, creeping to erect, branched above. Leaves simple; petioles sheathing; blade entire, pinnately or palmately parted or divided, leathery or membranous, venation parallel or reticulate, margin often ciliate to spinose. Umbels simple, capitate forming globose to cylindrical heads; heads solitary or in cymes, sometimes racemes; bracts 1 to several, entire or divided, subtending the head; bracteoles 1 to many, subtending the individual flowers. Flowers small, bisexual, sessile. Calyx teeth prominent, persistent, ovate to lanceolate, acute to obtuse. Petals white or purple, ovate to oblong, with incurved apex. Stylopodium absent; styles shorter than or exceeding the calyx teeth. Fruit globose to obovoid, scarcely flattened laterally, variously covered with scales or tubercles; ribs obsolete; vittae mostly 5, inconspicuous; commissure broad. Seed subterete in cross section, face plane or slightly concave. Carpophore absent.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    "Infl composed of dense heads, each head subtended by bracts, each fl by a bractlet; fr globose to obovoid, not or scarcely compressed, variously covered with scales or tubercles, the ribs obsolete; stylopodium and carpophore wanting; sep usually conspicuous; pet white to purple; biennial or perennial, often spiny herbs. 200, widespread."

  • Provided by: [G].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Eryngium is probably the largest (200-250 species) and most distinctive genus of the family, with its commonly thistle-like aspect. The genus is essentially cosmopolitan, although tending to avoid East Asia, and tropical and South Africa.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Synonyms

     Information From

    Apiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • G Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).